รางวัลออสการ์ สาขาภาพยนตร์สารคดียอดเยี่ยม

จากวิกิพีเดีย สารานุกรมเสรี

รางวัลออสการ์ สาขาภาพยนตร์สารคดียอดเยี่ยม เป็นหนึ่งในรางวัลออสการ์โดยสถาบันศิลปะและวิชาการทางภาพยนตร์ที่มอบให้กับภาพยนตร์สารคดี รางวัลนี้มีการมอบครั้งแรกในปีค.ศ. 1942 และมีการแบ่งประเภทเป็นภาพยนตร์สารคดี และภาพยนตร์สารคดีขนาดสั้น ในปีค.ศ. 1943

ภาพยนตร์สารคดีที่ได้รับรางวัลและได้รับการเสนอชื่อเข้าชิง[แก้]

1940s[แก้]

ปี 1942 มีภาพยนตร์สารคดีที่ได้รับรางวัล 4 เรื่อง

  • 1942 -ชนะ:
  • มีชื่อเช้าชิง:
    • Africa, Prelude to Victory
    • Combat Report
    • Conquer by the Clock
    • The Grain That Built a Hemisphere
    • Henry Browne, Farmer
    • High Over the Borders
    • High Stakes in the East
    • Inside Fighting China
    • It's Everybody's War
    • Listen to Britain
    • Little Belgium
    • Little Isles of Freedom
    • Mr. Blabbermouth!
    • Mister Gardenia Jones
    • The New Spirit
    • The Price of Victory
    • A Ship Is Born
    • Twenty-One Miles
    • We Refuse to Die
    • The White Eagle
    • Winning Your Wings

1950s[แก้]

1960s[แก้]

Year Film Director(s) Country
1960
(33rd)
The Horse with the Flying Tail Larry Lansburgh  สหรัฐ
Rebel in Paradise Robert D. Fraser  สหรัฐ
1961
(34th)
Sky Above and Mud Beneath Pierre-Dominique Gaisseau  ฝรั่งเศส
La grande olimpiade Romolo Marcellini  อิตาลี
1962
(35th)
Black Fox: The Rise and Fall of Adolf Hitler Louis Clyde Stoumen  สหรัฐ
Alvorada Hugo Niebeling  เยอรมนีตะวันตก
1963
(36th)
Robert Frost: A Lover's Quarrel with the World Shirley Clarke  สหรัฐ
Le Maillon et la chaîne Jacques Ertaud and Bernard Gorki  ฝรั่งเศส
The Yanks Are Coming Marshall Flaum  สหรัฐ
Note: Originally Terminus was announced as one of the nominees, but it was subsequently discovered that the film was first released prior to the eligibility period, and thus the nomination was withdrawn.
1964
(37th)
World Without Sun Jacques-Yves Cousteau  ฝรั่งเศส /  อิตาลี
14-18 Jean Aurel  ฝรั่งเศส
Alleman Bert Haanstra  เนเธอร์แลนด์
The Finest Hours Peter Baylis  สหราชอาณาจักร
Four Days in November Mel Stuart  สหรัฐ

1970s[แก้]

Year Film Director(s) Country
1970
(43rd)
Woodstock Michael Wadleigh  สหรัฐ
Chariots of the Gods Harald Reinl  เยอรมนีตะวันตก
Jack Johnson Jimmy Jacobs  สหรัฐ
King: A Filmed Record... Montgomery to Memphis Ely Landau  สหรัฐ
Say Goodbye David H. Vowell  สหรัฐ
1971
(44th)
The Hellstrom Chronicle Walon Green  สหรัฐ
Alaska Wilderness Lake Alan Landsburg  สหรัฐ
The Sorrow and the Pity Marcel Ophüls  ฝรั่งเศส
On Any Sunday Bruce Brown  สหรัฐ
Ra Lennart Ehrenborg and Thor Heyerdahl  สวีเดน /  นอร์เวย์
1972
(45th)
Marjoe Howard Smith and Sarah Kernochan  สหรัฐ
Ape and Super-Ape Bert Haanstra  เนเธอร์แลนด์
Malcolm X Arnold Perl  สหรัฐ
Manson Robert Hendrickson and Laurence Merrick  สหรัฐ
The Silent Revolution Eckehard Munck  เยอรมนีตะวันตก
1973
(46th)
The Great American Cowboy Kieth Merrill  สหรัฐ
Always a New Beginning John D. Goodell  สหรัฐ
Journey to the Outer Limits Alexander Grasshoff  สหรัฐ
Battle of Berlin Franz Baake and Jost von Morr  เยอรมนีตะวันตก
Walls of Fire Herbert Kline and Edmund Penney  สหรัฐ
1974
(47th)
Hearts and Minds Peter Davis  สหรัฐ
Antonia: A Portrait of the Woman Judy Collins and Jill Godmilow  สหรัฐ
The Challenge... A Tribute to Modern Art Herbert Kline  สหรัฐ
The 81st Blow Haim Gouri  อิสราเอล
The Wild and the Brave Eugene S. Jones  สหรัฐ
1975
(48th)
The Man Who Skied Down Everest F. R. Crawley, James Hager and Dale Hartlebe[1]  แคนาดา
The California Reich Keith Critchlow and Walter F. Parkes  สหรัฐ
Fighting for Our Lives Glen Pearcy  สหรัฐ
The Incredible Machine Irwin Rosten and Ed Spiegel  สหรัฐ
The Other Half of the Sky: A China Memoir Shirley MacLaine and Claudia Weill  สหรัฐ
1976
(49th)
Harlan County, USA Barbara Kopple  สหรัฐ
Hollywood on Trial David Helpern  สหรัฐ
Off the Edge Michael Firth  นิวซีแลนด์
People of the Wind Anthony Howarth and David Koff  สหรัฐ
Volcano: An Inquiry into the Life and Death of Malcolm Lowry Donald Brittain and John Kramer  แคนาดา
1977
(50th)
Who Are the DeBolts? And Where Did They Get Nineteen Kids? John Korty  สหรัฐ
The Children of Theatre Street Robert Dornhelm and Earle Mack  สหรัฐ
High Grass Circus Tony Ianzelo and Torben Schioler  แคนาดา
Homage to Chagall: The Colours of Love Harry Rasky  แคนาดา
Union Maids Jim Klein, Miles Mogulescu and Julia Reichert  สหรัฐ
1978
(51st)
Scared Straight! Arnold Shapiro  สหรัฐ
Mysterious Castles of Clay Joan Root and Alan Root  สหรัฐ
Raoni Jean-Pierre Dutilleux and Luiz Carlos Saldanha  ฝรั่งเศส
Le vent des amoureux Albert Lamorisse  ฝรั่งเศส
With Babies and Banners: Story of the Women's Emergency Brigade Lorraine Gray  สหรัฐ
1979
(52nd)
Best Boy Ira Wohl  สหรัฐ
Generation on the Wind David Vassar  สหรัฐ
Going the Distance Paul Cowan  แคนาดา
The Killing Ground Steve Singer  สหรัฐ
The War at Home Glenn Silber  สหรัฐ

1980s[แก้]

Year Film Name(s)
1980
(53rd)
From Mao to Mozart: Isaac Stern in China Murray Lerner
Agee Ross Spears
The Day After Trinity Jon Else
Front Line David Bradbury
The Yellow Star – The Persecution of the Jews in Europe 1933-45 Dieter Hildebrandt
1981
(54th)
Genocide Arnold Schwartzman
Against Wind and Tide: A Cuban Odyssey John Brousek
Brooklyn Bridge Ken Burns
Eight Minutes to Midnight: A Portrait of Dr. Helen Caldicott Mary Benjamin
El Salvador: Another Vietnam Glenn Silber
1982
(55th)
Just Another Missing Kid John Zaritsky
A Portrait of Giselle Muriel Balash
After the Axe Sturla Gunnarsson
Ben's Mill Michel Chalufour and John Karol
In Our Water Meg Switzgable
1983
(56th)
He Makes Me Feel Like Dancin' Emile Ardolino
Children of Darkness Ara Chekmayan and Richard Kotuk
First Contact Robin Anderson and Bob Connolly
The Profession of Arms Michael Bryans and Tina Viljoen
Seeing Red Jim Klein and Julia Reichert
1984
(57th)
The Times of Harvey Milk Rob Epstein
High Schools Charles Guggenheim
In the Name of the People Frank Christopher
Marlene Maximilian Schell
Streetwise Martin Bell
1985
(58th)
Broken Rainbow Maria Floria and Victoria Mudd
The Mothers of Plaza de Mayo Susana Blaustein Muñoz and Lourdes Portillo
Soldiers in Hiding Malcolm Clarke
The Statue of Liberty Ken Burns
Unfinished Business Steven Okazaki
1986
(59th)
Artie Shaw: Time Is All You've Got (tie) Brigitte Berman
Down and Out in America (tie) Joseph Feury and Milton Justice
Chile: Hasta Cuando? David Bradbury
Isaac in America: A Journey with Isaac Bashevis Singer Amram Nowak
Witness to Apartheid Sharon I. Sopher
1987
(60th)
The Ten-Year Lunch Aviva Slesin
Eyes on the Prize Henry Hampton
Hellfire: A Journey from Hiroshima Michael Camerini, John Junkerman and James MacDonald
Radio Bikini Robert Stone
A Stitch for Time Nigel Noble
1988
(61st)
Hôtel Terminus: The Life and Times of Klaus Barbie Marcel Ophüls
The Cry of Reason: Beyers Naude – An Afrikaner Speaks Out Robert Bilheimer
Let's Get Lost Bruce Weber
Promises to Keep Ginny Durrin
Who Killed Vincent Chin? Christine Choy and Renee Tajima-Peña
1989
(62nd)
Common Threads: Stories from the Quilt Rob Epstein and Bill Couturié
Adam Clayton Powell Richard Kilberg
Crack USA: County Under Siege Vince DiPersio and William Guttentag
For All Mankind Al Reinert
Super Chief: The Life and Legacy of Earl Warren Judith Leonard and Bill Jersey

1990s[แก้]

Year Film Name(s)
1990
(63rd)
American Dream Barbara Kopple and Arthur Cohn
Berkeley in the Sixties Mark Kitchell
Building Bombs Mark Mori and Susan Robinson
Forever Activists: Stories from the Veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade Judith Montell
Waldo Salt: A Screenwriter's Journey Robert Hillmann and Eugene Corr
1991
(64th)
In the Shadow of the Stars Allie Light and Irving Saraf
Death on the Job Vince DiPersio and William Guttentag
Doing Time: Life Inside the Big House Alan Raymond and Susan Raymond
The Restless Conscience: Resistance to Hitler Within Germany 1933-1945 Hava Kohav Beller
Wild by Law Lawrence Hott and Diane Garey
1992
(65th)
The Panama Deception Barbara Trent and David Kasper
Changing Our Minds: The Story of Dr. Evelyn Hooker David Haugland
Fires of Kuwait Sally Dundas
Liberators: Fighting on Two Fronts in World War II Bill Miles and Nina Rosenblum
Music for the Movies: Bernard Herrmann Margaret Smilow and Roma Baran
1993
(66th)
I Am a Promise: The Children of Stanton Elementary School Susan Raymond and Alan Raymond
The Broadcast Tapes of Dr. Peter David Paperny and Arthur Ginsberg
Children of Fate Susan Todd and Andrew Young
For Better or For Worse David Collier and Betsy Thompson
The War Room D. A. Pennebaker and Chris Hegedus
1994
(67th)
Maya Lin: A Strong Clear Vision Freida Lee Mock
Complaints of a Dutiful Daughter Deborah Hoffmann
D-Day Remembered Charles Guggenheim
Freedom on My Mind Connie Field and Marilyn Mulford
A Great Day in Harlem Jean Bach
1995
(68th)
Anne Frank Remembered Jon Blair
The Battle Over Citizen Kane Thomas Lennon and Michael Epstein
Fiddlefest: Roberta Tzavaras and Her East Harlem Violin Program Allan Miller and Walter Scheuer
Hank Aaron: Chasing the Dream Mike Tollin and Fredric Golding
Troublesome Creek: A Midwestern Jeanne Jordan and Steven Ascher
1996
(69th)
When We Were Kings Leon Gast and David Sonenberg
The Line King: The Al Hirschfeld Story Susan W. Dryfoos
Mandela Jo Menell and Angus Gibson
Suzanne Farrell: Elusive Muse Anne Belle and Deborah Dickson
Tell the Truth and Run: George Seldes and the American Press Rick Goldsmith
1997
(70th)
The Long Way Home Marvin Hier and Richard Trank
Ayn Rand: A Sense of Life Michael Paxton
Colors Straight Up Michèle Ohayon and Julia Schachter
4 Little Girls Spike Lee and Sam Pollard
Waco: The Rules of Engagement Dan Gifford and William Gazecki
1998
(71st)
The Last Days James Moll and Ken Lipper
Dancemaker Matthew Diamond and Jerry Kupfer
The Farm: Angola, U.S.A. Jonathan Stack and Liz Garbus
Lenny Bruce: Swear to Tell the Truth Robert B. Weide
Regret to Inform Barbara Sonneborn and Janet Cole
1999
(72nd)
One Day in September Arthur Cohn and Kevin Macdonald
Buena Vista Social Club Wim Wenders and Ulrich Felsberg
Genghis Blues Roko Belic and Adrian Belic
On the Ropes Nanette Burstein and Brett Morgen
Speaking in Strings Paola di Florio and Lilibet Foster

2000s[แก้]

Year Film Name(s)
2000
(73rd)
Into the Arms of Strangers: Stories of the Kindertransport Mark Jonathan Harris and Deborah Oppenheimer
Legacy Tod Lending
Long Night's Journey into Day Deborah Hoffmann and Frances Reid
Scottsboro: An American Tragedy Daniel Anker and Barak Goodman
Sound and Fury Josh Aronson and Roger Weisberg
2001
(74th)
Murder on a Sunday Morning Jean-Xavier de Lestrade and Denis Poncet
Children Underground Edet Belzberg
LaLee's Kin: The Legacy of Cotton Deborah Dickson and Susan Frömke
Promises B.Z. Goldberg and Justine Shapiro
War Photographer Christian Frei
2002
(75th)
Bowling for Columbine Michael Moore and Michael Donovan
Daughter from Danang Gail Dolgin and Vicente Franco
Prisoner of Paradise Malcolm Clarke and Stuart Sender
Spellbound Jeffrey Blitz and Sean Welch
Winged Migration Jacques Perrin
2003
(76th)
The Fog of War Errol Morris and Michael Williams
Balseros Carlos Bosch and Josep Maria Domenech
Capturing the Friedmans Andrew Jarecki and Marc Smerling
My Architect Nathaniel Kahn and Susan R. Behr
The Weather Underground Sam Green and Bill Siegel
2004
(77th)
Born into Brothels Ross Kauffman and Zana Briski
The Story of the Weeping Camel Byambasuren Davaa and Luigi Falorni
Super Size Me Morgan Spurlock
Tupac: Resurrection Karolyn Ali and Lauren Lazin
Twist of Faith Kirby Dick and Eddie Schmidt
2005
(78th)
March of the Penguins Luc Jacquet and Yves Darondeau
Darwin's Nightmare Hubert Sauper
Enron: The Smartest Guys in the Room Alex Gibney and Jason Kliot
Murderball Henry Alex Rubin and Dana Adam Shapiro
Street Fight Marshall Curry
2006
(79th)
An Inconvenient Truth Davis Guggenheim
Deliver Us from Evil Amy Berg, Frank Donner, and Matthew Cooke
Iraq in Fragments James Longley and Yahya Sinno
Jesus Camp Heidi Ewing and Rachel Grady
My Country, My Country Jocelyn Glatzer and Laura Poitras
2007
(80th)
Taxi to the Dark Side Alex Gibney and Eva Orner
No End in Sight Charles Ferguson and Audrey Marrs
Operation Homecoming: Writing the Wartime Experience Richard Robbins
Sicko Michael Moore and Meghan O'Hara
War/Dance Sean Fine and Andrea Nix Fine
2008
(81st)
Man on Wire Simon Chinn and James Marsh
The Betrayal (Nerakhoon) Ellen Kuras and Thavisouk Phrasavath
Encounters at the End of the World Werner Herzog and Henry Kaiser
The Garden Scott Hamilton Kennedy
Trouble the Water Carl Deal and Tia Lessin
2009
(82nd)
The Cove Louie Psihoyos and Fisher Stevens
Burma VJ Anders Østergaard and Lise Lense-Møller
Food, Inc. Robert Kenner and Elise Pearlstein
The Most Dangerous Man in America: Daniel Ellsberg and the Pentagon Papers Judith Ehrlich and Rick Goldsmith
Which Way Home Rebecca Cammisa

2010s[แก้]

Year Film Name(s)
2010
(83rd)
Inside Job Charles H. Ferguson and Audrey Marrs
Exit Through the Gift Shop Banksy and Jaimie D'Cruz
Gasland Josh Fox and Trish Adlesic
Restrepo Tim Hetherington and Sebastian Junger
Waste Land Lucy Walker and Angus Aynsley
2011
(84th)
Undefeated TJ Martin, Dan Lindsay, and Richard Middlemas
Hell and Back Again Danfung Dennis and Mike Lerner
If a Tree Falls: A Story of the Earth Liberation Front Marshall Curry and Sam Cullman
Paradise Lost 3: Purgatory Joe Berlinger and Bruce Sinofsky
Pina Wim Wenders and Gian-Piero Ringel
2012
(85th)
Searching for Sugar Man Malik Bendjelloul and Simon Chinn
5 Broken Cameras Emad Burnat and Guy Davidi
The Gatekeepers Dror Moreh, Philippa Kowarsky, and Estelle Fialon
How to Survive a Plague David France and Howard Gertler
The Invisible War Kirby Dick and Amy Ziering
2013
(86th)
20 Feet from Stardom Morgan Neville, Gil Friesen and Caitrin Rogers
The Act of Killing Joshua Oppenheimer and Signe Byrge Sørensen
Cutie and the Boxer Zachary Heinzerling and Lydia Dean Pilcher
Dirty Wars Richard Rowley and Jeremy Scahill
The Square Jehane Noujaim and Karim Amer
2014
(87th)
Citizenfour Laura Poitras, Mathilde Bonnefoy and Dirk Wilutzky
Finding Vivian Maier John Maloof and Charlie Siskel
Last Days in Vietnam Rory Kennedy and Kevin McAlester
The Salt of the Earth Wim Wenders, Juliano Ribeiro Salgado and David Rosier
Virunga Orlando von Einsiedel and Joanna Natasegara
2015
(88th)
Amy Asif Kapadia and James Gay-Rees
Cartel Land Matthew Heineman and Tom Yellin
The Look of Silence Joshua Oppenheimer and Signe Byrge Sørensen
What Happened, Miss Simone? Liz Garbus, Amy Hobby and Justin Wilkes
Winter on Fire: Ukraine's Fight for Freedom Evgeny Afineevsky and Den Tolmor

อ้างอิง[แก้]

  1. "The 48th Academy Awards". สืบค้นเมื่อ September 29, 2015.