แม่แบบ:Cite news

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แม่แบบ Citation Style 1
{{Cite arXiv}}ร่างบทความ arXiv
{{Cite AV media}}สื่อโสตทัศน์
{{Cite AV media notes}}สื่อโสตทัศน์ (liner notes)
{{Cite bioRxiv}}ร่างบทความ bioRxiv
{{Cite book}}หนังสือ
{{Cite conference}}บันทึกการประชุม
{{Cite encyclopedia}}สารานุกรม/พจนานุกรม
{{Cite episode}}ตอนวิทยุหรือโทรทัศน์
{{Cite interview}}บทสัมภาษณ์
{{Cite journal}}เอกสารหรือวารสารวิชาการ
{{Cite magazine}}สิ่งพิมพ์รายคาบ, นิตยสาร
{{Cite mailing list}}บัญชีจ่าหน้าสาธารณะ
{{Cite map}}แผนที่
{{Cite news}}บทความข่าว
{{Cite newsgroup}}กลุ่มข่าวออนไลน์
{{Cite podcast}}พอดแคสต์
{{Cite press release}}ข่าวแจก/ประชาสัมพันธ์
{{Cite report}}รายงาน
{{Cite serial}}สื่อชุดโสตทัศน์
{{Cite sign}}ป้าย/ประกาศ
{{Cite speech}}สุนทรพจน์
{{Cite techreport}}รายงานเชิงเทคนิค
{{Cite thesis}}วิทยานิพนธ์
{{Cite web}}เว็บไซต์ที่ไม่เข้ากลุ่มข้างบน
ดูเพิ่ม:

This Citation Style 1 template is used to create citations for news articles in print, video, audio or web.

แม่แบบนี้ใช้สำหรับการอ้างอิงจากแหล่งข่าวในหน้าบทความ ควรใช้กับคำสั่ง <ref></ref> เสมอเพื่อควบคุมคุณภาพการอ้างอิง

This template is used to cite sources in Wikipedia. It is specifically for news sources.

Usage

All parameter names must be lowercase.

Copy a blank version to use. Remember to use the "|" (pipe) character between each field. Please delete any unused fields to avoid clutter in the edit window.

Full version (copy and paste text below and delete parameters you don't need)
{{cite news |first= |last= |authorlink= |author= |coauthors= |title= |url= |format= |agency= |work= |publisher= |location= |id= |pages= |page= |date= |accessdate=2021-09-22 |language= |quote= |archiveurl= |archivedate= }}
First example of commonly used fields (or you can use this and not have to delete as much)
(This assumes English, HTML format, with today as automatically wikilinked access date)
{{cite news |first= |last= |authorlink= |coauthors= |title= |url= |work= |publisher= |date= |accessdate=2021-09-22 }}
Same commonly used fields, using day before month (common international style)
{{cite news |first= |last= |authorlink= |coauthors= |title= |url= |work= |publisher= |date= |accessdaymonth=22 กันยายน |accessyear=2021 }}
Same commonly used fields, using month before day (common US style)
{{cite news |first= |last= |authorlink= |coauthors= |title= |url= |work= |publisher= |date= |accessmonthday=กันยายน 22 |accessyear=2021 }}
Shorter example
{{cite news |first= |last= |coauthors= |title= |work= |page= |date= |accessdate=2021-09-22|quote= |url= }}
All parameters, vertical format
{{cite news
 | first = 
 | last = 
 | authorlink = 
 | author = 
 | coauthors = 
 | title = 
 | url = 
 | format = 
 | agency = 
 | work = 
 | publisher = 
 | location = 
 | id = 
 | pages = 
 | page = 
 | date = 
 | accessdate = 
 | accessdaymonth = 
 | accessmonthday = 
 | accessyear = 
 | language = 
 | quote = 
 | archiveurl = 
 | archivedate = 
 }}
  • title is required, rest is optional. Note that title must be on one line in order for the hyperlink to display properly. Do not enclose it in quotations marks, italics or other formatting, though it may be wikilinked.
  • author: Author.
    • last works with first to produce last, first
    • authorlink works either with author or with last & first to link to the appropriate Wikipedia article. Does not work with URLs.
    • coauthors: Allows additional authors.
  • url: Link to the news item if available online (note this is not for a link to the main web page of the work of publisher, but only to a copy of the item specified in "title"). Start the url with the communications protocol e.g. http://.
    • format: Format, e.g. PDF. Don't specify for HTML (implied as default).
      Specify as 'fee required' if free access is no longer available.
      Specify as 'Reprint' if you use a full original version but not hosted by the original publisher.
  • agency: The news agency (wire service) that provided the content, e.g. Associated Press, Reuters, etc. Spell out and link the full name.
  • work: The publication that ran the item, e.g. Newsweek. Can also be used for the name of a column or subpart of an issue. Do not italicize.
  • publisher: The company or organization that publishes the news source. Not necessary for major publications like The New York Times, but may add credibility for local papers that are part of a family of publications like The McClatchy Company.
  • id: Identifier such as {{ISSN|0028–0836}} — remember, if you use this parameter, you must specify the kind of identifier, not just give a number.
  • date: Date of publication. Use the same format as the main text of the article. If the ISO 8601 YYYY-MM-DD format is used it will be automatically wikilinked to enable date user preferences if used.
  • page or pages: The page(s) on which the article is found. page inserts the abbreviation "p." before the number; pages inserts "pp." Use only one of these parameters. If numbers are entered for both, pages overrides page.
  • Choose a date format from the following options that matches the main text of the article.
For producing a wikilinked date of retrieval:
  • accessdate: Full date when item was accessed, in ISO 8601 YYYY-MM-DD format, for example "accessdate = 2021-09-22". Must not be wikilinked; it will be linked automatically. If the American/International date format is required for consistency within the article, use accessyear and accessmonthday or accessdaymonth, as American/International dates will not display correctly if used for accessdate.
For producing a non-wikilinked date of retrieval:
  • accessmonthday and accessyear: Month and day when item was accessed, for example "accessmonthday = May 10", and year when item was accessed, for example "accessyear = 2006". Produces: Retrieved on May 10, 2006.
  • accessdaymonth and accessyear: Month and day when item was accessed, for example "accessdaymonth= 10 May", and year when item was accessed, for example "accessyear = 2006". Produces: Retrieved on 10 May 2006.
  • language: The language in which the source is written. If English (the default) do not use this parameter.
  • quote: Relevant quotation. Adding a quotation can help locate online copies of the item using a text search, especially if the original link goes dead.
  • archiveurl: URL of the archive location of the item (requires archivedate, title, and url); this is for archives such as those at internetarchive.org; for back-issues and the like that are on file at the publisher's site, use the "url" parameter.
  • archivedate: Date when the item was archived (requires archiveurl, title, and url), in ISO 8601 YYYY-MM-DD format, e.g. 2006-02-17. Must not be wikilinked; it will be linked automatically. This field does not support American/International dates (they will display incorrectly as redlinks if used).

Examples

Using first and last to identify the author, and id to supply the ISSN
  • {{cite news | first=John | last=Doe | title=News | url=http://www.example.org/ | work=Encyclopedia of Things | publisher=News co. | location=Toronto | pages= 37–39 | date=[[2005-11-21]] | id={{ISSN|0028–0836}} | accessdate=2005-12-11 }}
    Doe, John (2005-11-21). "News". Encyclopedia of Things. Toronto: News co. pp. 37–39. ISSN 0028–0836. สืบค้นเมื่อ 2005-12-11. Check date values in: |date= (help)
Using author instead of first and last, and adding a news agency
  • {{cite news | author=Staff writer | title=News | url=http://www.example.org/News.pdf | format=PDF | agency=Wireservice | publisher=News co. | pages= 37–39 | date=[[2005-11-21]] | accessdate=2005-12-11 }}
    Staff writer (2005-11-21). "News" (PDF). News co. Wireservice. pp. 37–39. สืบค้นเมื่อ 2005-12-11. Check date values in: |date= (help)
Using authorlink to link to the author's article
  • {{cite news | first=John | last=Doe | authorlink=John Doe | title=News | url=http://www.example.org/background | format=Reprint | publisher=News co. | date=[[2005-11-21]] | accessdate=2005-12-11 }}
    Doe, John (2005-11-21). "News" (Reprint). News co. สืบค้นเมื่อ 2005-12-11. Check date values in: |date= (help)
Using format
  • {{cite news | title=News | url=http://www.example.org/Archive/News | format=Fee required | publisher=News co. | date=[[2005-11-21]] | accessdate=2005-12-11 }}
    "News" (Fee required). News co. 2005-11-21. สืบค้นเมื่อ 2005-12-11. Check date values in: |date= (help)
Using page to identify the reference by page
  • {{cite news | first=John | last=Doe | title=FooBar | page=1 }}
    Doe, John. "FooBar". p. 1.
A very simple citation
  • {{cite news | title=FooBar | page=1 }}
    "FooBar". p. 1.
Using archiveurl and archivedate to refer to items that went away but are available from an archive site
  • {{cite news | author=Staff writer | title=News | url=http://www.example.org/News.pdf | format=PDF | publisher=News co. | pages= 37–39 | date=[[2005-11-21]] | accessdate=2005-12-11 | archiveurl=http://web.archive.org/web/20070628082911/http://www.example.org/News.pdf | archivedate=2007-06-28 }}
    Staff writer (2005-11-21). "News" (PDF). News co. pp. 37–39. คลังข้อมูลเก่า เก็บจาก แหล่งเดิม (PDF) เมื่อ 2007-06-28. สืบค้นเมื่อ 2005-12-11. Check date values in: |date= (help)

COinS

This template produces COinS metadata; see COinS in Wikipedia for background information.


TemplateData

ด้านล่างนี้คือข้อมูลแม่แบบ เอกสารกำกับสำหรับแม่แบบนี้ซึ่งถูกใช้งานโดยเครื่องมือแก้ไขแบบเห็นภาพและเครื่องมืออื่น ๆ

ข้อมูลแม่แบบสำหรับ Cite news (ยังไม่มีการตรวจสอบ)

This template formats a citation to a news article in print, video, audio or web using the provided source information (e.g. author, publication, date) and various formatting options.

พารามิเตอร์แม่แบบ

This template prefers inline formatting of parameters.

พารามิเตอร์คำอธิบายชนิดสถานะ
Last namelast last1 author author1 authors

The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'author-link'.

ไม่ทราบชนิดแนะนำ
First namefirst first1

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'author-link'.

ไม่ทราบชนิดแนะนำ
Author linkauthor-link authorlink authorlink1 author-link1 author1-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

หน้าเลือกได้
Last name 2last2 author2

The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'author-link2'.

ไม่ทราบชนิดเลือกได้
First name 2first2

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink.

ไม่ทราบชนิดเลือกได้
Author link 2author-link2 authorlink2

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author. (Up to nine authors can be listed, 3-9 are toward the end of the parameter list)

หน้าเลือกได้
Last name 3last3 author3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'author-link3'.

ไม่ทราบชนิดเลือกได้
First name 3first3

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

ไม่ทราบชนิดเลือกได้
Author link 3author-link3 authorlink3 author3-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

หน้าเลือกได้
Last name 4last4 author4

The surname of the fourth author; don't wikilink, use 'author-link4'.

ไม่ทราบชนิดเลือกได้
First name 4first4

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth author; don't wikilink.

ไม่ทราบชนิดเลือกได้
Author link 4author-link4 authorlink4 author4-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth author.

หน้าเลือกได้
Last name 5last5 author5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'author-link5'.

ไม่ทราบชนิดเลือกได้
First name 5first5

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

ไม่ทราบชนิดเลือกได้
Author link 5author-link5 authorlink5 author5-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth author.

หน้าเลือกได้
Last name 6last6 author6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'author-link6'.

ไม่ทราบชนิดเลือกได้
First name 6first6

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

ไม่ทราบชนิดเลือกได้
Author link 6author-link6 authorlink6 author6-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

หน้าเลือกได้
Last name 7last7 author7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'author-link7'.

ไม่ทราบชนิดเลือกได้
First name 7first7

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

ไม่ทราบชนิดเลือกได้
Author link 7author-link7 authorlink7 author7-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

หน้าเลือกได้
Last name 8last8 author8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'author-link8'.

ไม่ทราบชนิดเลือกได้
First name 8first8

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

ไม่ทราบชนิดเลือกได้
Author link 8author-link8 authorlink8 author8-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

หน้าเลือกได้
Last name 9last9 author9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'author-link9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

ไม่ทราบชนิดเลือกได้
First name 9first9

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

ไม่ทราบชนิดเลือกได้
Author link 9author-link9 authorlink9 author9-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

หน้าเลือกได้
Display authorsdisplay-authors displayauthors

number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used;

จำนวนเลือกได้
Author maskauthor-mask

Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

สตริงเลือกได้
Last author ampersandlast-author-amp lastauthoramp

When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

สตริงเลือกได้
Author name separatorauthor-name-separator

Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as &#32;

ค่าปริยาย
,
สตริงเลือกได้
Author separatorauthor-separator

Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as &#32;

ค่าปริยาย
;
สตริงเลือกได้
Othersothers

Used to record other contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

สตริงเลือกได้
Source datedate

Full date of the source; do not wikilink

สตริงแนะนำ
Month of publicationmonth

Name of the month of publication; do not wikilink; use 'date' instead, if day of month is also known

สตริงเลือกได้
Year of publicationyear

Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

สตริงเลือกได้
Original yearorig-year origyear

Original year of publication; provide specifics

สตริงเลือกได้
Source titletitle

The title of the article as it appears in the source; displays in quotes

สตริงจำเป็น
Script titlescript-title

For titles in languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc). Prefix with two-character ISO639-1 language code followed by a colon. For Japanese use: |script-title=ja:...

สตริงเลือกได้
Languagelanguage

The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

สตริงเลือกได้
Translated titletrans-title

An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

สตริงเลือกได้
Editionedition

When the publication has more than one edition; for example: '2nd', 'Revised' etc.; suffixed with ' ed.'

สตริงเลือกได้
Volumevolume

For one publication published in several volumes

สตริงเลือกได้
Pagepage

Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

สตริงเลือกได้
Pagespages

Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'

ตัวอย่าง
2–3
สตริงเลือกได้
No ppno-pp

Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

สตริงเลือกได้
Atat

May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

สตริงเลือกได้
Name of publicationwork journal magazine periodical newspaper website

Name of the newspaper, magazine or periodical; displays after title

ตัวอย่าง
[[The Wall Street Journal]]
สตริงแนะนำ
Publisherpublisher distributor institution

Name of the parent institution or company that publishes the newspaper, magazine, or periodical; displays after name of the publication

ตัวอย่าง
[[Gannett]]
สตริงเลือกได้
Agencyagency

The news agency (wire service) that provided the content; examples: Associated Press, Reuters, Agence France-Presse

สตริงเลือกได้
Issueissue number

Issue identifier when the source is part of a series that is published periodically

สตริงเลือกได้
Departmentdepartment

Department within the periodical

สตริงเลือกได้
Location of publicationlocation place

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place'

สตริงเลือกได้
Place of publicationpublication-place

Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

สตริงเลือกได้
Publication datepublication-date

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

สตริงเลือกได้
Editor last nameeditor-last editor-last1 editor1-last editor-surname editor-surname1 editor1-surname editor editor1

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-last', 'editor', and 'editors'

ไม่ทราบชนิดเลือกได้
Editor first nameeditor-first editor-first1 editor1-first editor-given editor-given1 editor1-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first'

ไม่ทราบชนิดเลือกได้
Editor linkeditor-link editor-link1

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-link'

หน้าเลือกได้
Typetype

Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

สตริงเลือกได้
Formatformat

Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

สตริงเลือกได้
URLurl URL

The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found. Requires schemes of the type "http://..." or maybe even the&nbsp;protocol relative scheme "//..."

ตัวอย่าง
https://www.nytimes.com/...
สตริงแนะนำ
URL statusurl-status

If set to 'live', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live. Set to "dead" or 'usurped' for broken links. Entering 'unfit' or 'usurped' makes the original link not appear at all.

ค่าปริยาย
'dead' if an Archive URL is entered
ตัวอย่าง
'dead' or 'live'
ค่าอัตโนมัติ
live
สตริงแนะนำ
URL access levelurl-access

Classification of the access restrictions on the URL ('registration', 'subscription' or 'limited')

สตริงเลือกได้
URL access dateaccess-date accessdate

The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

สตริงแนะนำ
Archive URLarchive-url archiveurl

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

สตริงเลือกได้
Archive datearchive-date archivedate

Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

สตริงเลือกได้
arXiv identifierarxiv

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

สตริงเลือกได้
ASINasin

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

สตริงเลือกได้
ASIN TLDasin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

สตริงเลือกได้
Bibcodebibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

สตริงเลือกได้
DOIdoi

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

สตริงเลือกได้
DOI broken datedoi-broken-date doi_brokendate doi-inactive-date

The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

สตริงเลือกได้
ISBNisbn ISBN

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

สตริงเลือกได้
ISSNissn ISSN

International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

สตริงเลือกได้
jfm codejfm

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

สตริงเลือกได้
JSTORjstor

JSTOR identifier

สตริงเลือกได้
LCCNlccn

Library of Congress Control Number

สตริงเลือกได้
MRmr

Mathematical Reviews identifier

สตริงเลือกได้
OCLCoclc

Online Computer Library Center number

สตริงเลือกได้
OLol

Open Library identifier

สตริงเลือกได้
OSTIosti

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

สตริงเลือกได้
PMCpmc

PubMed Center article number

สตริงเลือกได้
PMIDpmid

PubMed Unique Identifier

สตริงเลือกได้
RFCrfc

Request for Comments number

สตริงเลือกได้
SSRNssrn

Social Science Research Network

สตริงเลือกได้
Zblzbl

Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

สตริงเลือกได้
idid

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

สตริงเลือกได้
Quotequote

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

สตริงเลือกได้
Refref

An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv and sfn templates

สตริงเลือกได้
Postscriptpostscript

The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined; to suppress use reserved keyword 'none'

ค่าปริยาย
.
สตริงเลือกได้
Registrationregistration

For online sources that require registration, set to 'yes' (or 'y', or 'true'); superseded by subscription if both are set

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Subscriptionsubscription

For online sources that require subscription, set to 'yes' (or 'y', or 'true'); supersedes registration if both are set

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Lay URLlay-url layurl

URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; alias of 'laysummary'

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Lay sourcelay-source laysource

Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

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Lay datelay-date laydate

Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

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viavia

Identify the aggregator of the resource that provided the digital version (usually a database provider), when it differs from the publisher (e.g., for The Wikipedia Library)

ตัวอย่าง
EBSCOHost , Proquest, Newspapers.com
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Bibcode access levelbibcode-access

If the full text is available from ADS via this Bibcode, type 'free'.

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DOI access leveldoi-access

If the full text is free to read via the DOI, type 'free'.

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HDL access levelhdl-access

If the full text is free to read via the HDL, type 'free'.

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Jstor access leveljstor-access

If the full text is free to read on Jstor, type 'free'.

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OpenLibrary access levelol-access

If the full text is free to read on OpenLibrary, type 'free'.

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OSTI access levelosti-access

If the full text is free to read on OSTI, type 'free'.

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See also