แม่แบบ:Citation/doc

จากวิกิพีเดีย สารานุกรมเสรี
ไปยังการนำทาง ไปยังการค้นหา
สำหรับแม่แบบ [ต้องการอ้างอิง] ให้ดูที่ {{ต้องการอ้างอิง}}

The Citation template generates a citation for a book, periodical, contribution in a collective work, patent, or a web page. It determines the citation type by examining which parameters are used. As with other citation templates, this template can be used either in a footnote (between <ref>...</ref> tags) or in a section that lists sources. This template uses the same Lua code as citation style 1 (CS1) templates with parameters to change the displayed format to citation style 2 (CS2).

If the correct parameters are used, this template produces output identical to that of the Cite templates, such as {{Cite book}} and {{Cite web}}, with one important exception: By default, this Citation template uses commas in places where the Cite templates use periods (full stops) by default; either type of template can use periods (full stops) or commas by using an optional parameter. Also, this template by default generates anchors for Harvard references whereas the Cite templates by default do not (although they can be made to do so).

Regardless of which citation templates are used or even if none are used at all, all citations should have the same format throughout an article in the saved, rendered text.

Note: All parameter names must be lowercase.

เนื้อหา

การอ้างอิงอย่างง่าย[แก้]

This section covers the most commonly used parameters. You can copy the horizontal form or vertical form below and then add in extra parameters from the full list. Spacing and ordering of the parameters within the template is irrelevant and does not affect the final, rendered text.

{{Citation |last= |first= |year= |title= |publisher= |publication-place= |page= |url= |accessdate= }}

{{Citation
| last       =
| first      =
| year       =
| title      =
| publisher  =
| publication-place =
| page       =
| url        =
| accessdate =
}}
  • last: The author's surname or last name. Don't use with the author parameter.
  • first: The author's first or given name(s).
  • year: Year of authorship or publication. Mandatory for use with links from Template:Harvard citation, unless |date= specifies both month and year.
  • title: Title of the work. Mandatory for web references.
  • publisher: The name of the publisher. Omit terms such as Publishers, Co., Inc., Ltd., etc., but retain the words Books or Press. Not normally included where the publication is a periodical which has its own Wikipedia article (e.g. Newsweek, Billboard).
    • publication-place (or place or location): The city of publication. If more than one town/city is listed on the title page, give the first one or the location of the publisher's head office. Omit when the publication is a periodical whose name specifies the location (e.g. The New York Times, The Times of India)
  • page: For use when one page is cited. Adds "p." before the page number. Do not use with pages.
  • url: A url of an online location where the item can be found. If the url includes double quotes, these must be encoded as "%22".
    • accessdate: Date[n 1] when the url was accessed.

ตัวอย่าง[แก้]

{{Citation
| last      = Turner
| first     = Orsamus
| title     = History of the pioneer settlement of
Phelps and Gorham's purchase, and Morris' reserve
| publisher = William Alling
| place     = Rochester, New York
| year      = 1851
| ol        = 7120924W
}}
Turner, Orsamus (1851), History of the pioneer settlement of Phelps and Gorham's purchase, and Morris' reserve, Rochester, New York: William Alling, OL 7120924W

พารามิเตอร์ทั้งหมด[แก้]

These can be used for all types of publication except patents. All are optional and indentation is used simply to group related items — these may be mutually exclusive where indicated. Some hyphenated names can also be placed without hyphens.

{{Citation
| author  =
| last    =
| first   =
| author2 =
| last2   =
| first2  =
| author-link  =
| author2-link =
| author-separator =
| author-name-separator =
| author-mask =
| display-authors =
| editor        =
| editor-last   =
| editor-first  =
| editor2       =
| editor2-last  =
| editor2-first =
| editor-link   =
| editor2-link  =
| translator-last =
| translator-first =
| translator-link = 
| translator2-last =
| translator2-first =
| translator2-link =
| others   =
| publication-date =
| date     =
| year     =
| origyear =
| title    =
| chapter  =
| chapter-url  =
| chapter-format  =
| contribution =
| contribution-url =
| type    =
| journal =
| periodical =
| newspaper  =
| magazine   =
| encyclopedia =
| work =
| edition =
| series  =
| volume  =
| issue   =
| publisher =
| publication-place =
| place    =
| language =
| page  =
| pages =
| nopp  =
| at   =
| id   =
| isbn =
| issn =
| oclc =
| pmid =
| pmc  =
| bibcode =
| doi =
| doi-inactive-date=
| zbl =
| url =
| accessdate  =
| format      =
| archiveurl  =
| archivedate =
| dead-url    =
| quote      =
| layurl =
| laysource  =
| laydate    =
| separator  =
| postscript =
| ref =
}}

พารามิเตอร์[แก้]

วากยสัมพันธ์[แก้]

แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/syntax

แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/sep comma

COinS[แก้]

แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/coins

Deprecated[แก้]

แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/deprecated

รายละเอียด[แก้]

ผู้แต่ง[แก้]

  • last: Surname of a single author. Do not wikilink—use author-link instead. For corporate authors or authors for whom only one name is listed by the source, use last or one of its aliases (e.g. |author=Bono). Aliases: surname, author, last1, surname1, author1.
    • author: this parameter is used to hold the complete name of a single author (first and last) or to hold the name of a corporate author. This parameter should never hold the names of more than one author.
    • first: Given or first names of author; for example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use author-link instead. Aliases: given, first1, given1. Requires last; first name will not display if last is empty.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use last1, first1 through lastn, firstn, where n is any consecutive number for an unlimited number of authors (each firstn requires a corresponding lastn). See the display parameters to change how many authors are displayed. Aliases: surname1, given1 through surnamen, givenn, or author1 through authorn. For an individual author plus an institutional author, you can use |first1=...|last1=...|author2=....
    • author-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author—not the author's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: author-link1, authorlink, authorlink1, author1-link, author1link.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use author-link1 through author-linkn. Aliases: authorlink1 through authorlinkn, or author1-link through authorn-link, or author1link through authornlink.
    • name-list-format: displays authors and editors in Vancouver style when set to vanc and when the list uses last/first parameters for the name list(s).
  • vauthors: comma-separated list of author names in Vancouver style; enclose corporate or institutional author names in doubled parentheses:
    |vauthors=Smythe JB, ((Megabux Corporation))
    • author-link and author-mask may be used for the individual names in |vauthors= as described above
  • authors: Free-form list of author names; use of this parameter is discouraged because it does not contribute to a citation's metadata; not an alias of last.
  • translator-last: Surname of translator. Do not wikilink—use translator-link instead. Aliases: translator-surname, translator1, translator1-last, translator-last1.
    • translator-first: Given or first names of translator. Do not wikilink—use translator-link instead. Aliases: translator-given, translator1-first, translator-first1.
    • OR: for multiple translators, use translator-last1, translator-first1 through translator-lastn, translator-firstn, where n is any consecutive number for an unlimited number of translators (each translator-firstn requires a corresponding translator-lastn). Aliases: translator1-last, translator1-first through translatorn-last, translatorn-first, or translator1 through translatorn.
    • translator-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the translator—not the translator's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: translator-link1, translator1-link.
    • OR: for multiple translators, use translator-link1 through translator-linkn. Aliases: translator1-link through translatorn-link.
  • collaboration: Name of a group of authors or collaborators; requires author, last, or vauthors listing one or more primary authors; follows author name-list; appends "et al." to author name-list.
  • others: To record other contributors to the work, including illustrators. For the parameter value, write Illustrated by John Smith.
  • Note: When using เชิงอรรถอย่างย่อ or การอ้างอิงในวงเล็บ styles with templates, do not use multiple names in one field, or else the anchor will not match the inline link.

บรรณาธิการ[แก้]

แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/editor

ชื่อเรื่อง/หัวเรื่อง[แก้]

แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/title แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/chapter แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/type แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/language

วันที่[แก้]

  • date: Date of source being referenced. Can be full date (day, month, and year) or partial date (month and year, season and year, or year). Use same format as other publication dates in the citations.[date 1] Required when year is used to disambiguate {{sfn}} links to multiple-work citations by the same author in the same year.[more] Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and is enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after publisher. For acceptable date formats, see Help:Citation Style 1 § Dates.
For approximate year, precede with "c. ", like this: |date=c. 1900.

For no date, or "undated", add as |date=n.d.
  • year: Year of source being referenced. Use of |date= is recommended unless all of the following conditions are met:
    1. The template uses |ref=harv, or the template is {{citation}}, or |mode=cs2
    2. The |date= format is YYYY-MM-DD.
    3. The citation requires a CITEREF disambiguator.
  • orig-year: Original publication year; displays after the date or year. For clarity, please supply specifics. For example: |orig-year=First published 1859 or |orig-year=Composed 1904. Alias: origyear
  • df: date format; sets rendered dates to the specified format; does not support date ranges or seasonal dates. Accepts one value which may be one of these:
    dmy – set publication dates to day month year format; access- and archive-dates are not modified;
    mdy – as above for month day, year format
    ymd – as above for year initial numeric format YYYY-MM-DD
    dmy-all – set publication, access-, and archive-dates to day month year format;
    mdy-all – as above for month day, year format
    ymd-all – as above for year initial numeric format YYYY-MM-DD
  1. Publication dates in references within an article should all have the same format. This may be a different format from that used for archive and access dates. See MOS:DATEUNIFY.

ประเภทงาน[แก้]

แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/journal

ผู้ตีพิมพ์/เผยแพร่[แก้]

แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/publisher

ฉบับ, ชุด, หมวด[แก้]

แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/edition แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/series แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/volume

In-source locations[แก้]

แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/pages

URL[แก้]

แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/url

Chapter URL[แก้]

แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/chapterurl

Anchor[แก้]

แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/ref2

Identifiers[แก้]

แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/id1 แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/id2

Quote[แก้]

แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/quote

Laysummary[แก้]

แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/lay

Display options[แก้]

แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/display

Subscription or registration required[แก้]

แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/registration

ตัวอย่าง[แก้]

การอ้างอิงหนังสือ[แก้]

Three authors, a volume, and an edition. Ampersand (&) forced before final author's name.
{{Citation
| last1  = Lincoln
| first1 = A.
| last2  = Washington
| first2 = G.
| last3  = Adams
| first3 = J.
| lastauthoramp = yes
| title     = All the Presidents' Names
| publisher = The Pentagon
| place     = Home Base, New York
| volume  = XII
| edition = 2nd
| year    = 2007
}}
Lincoln, A.; Washington, G. & Adams, J. (2007), All the Presidents' Names, XII (2nd ed.), Home Base, New York: The Pentagon

การอ้างอิงเว็บไซต์[แก้]

Web page
{{Citation
| url   = http://nrhp.focus.nps.gov/
| title = NPS Focus
| work  = National Register of Historic Places
| publisher  = [[National Park Service]]
| accessdate = November 30, 2010
| ref = none
}}
"NPS Focus", National Register of Historic Places, National Park Service, สืบค้นเมื่อ November 30, 2010
Archived page
{{Citation
| url = http://liftoff.msfc.nasa.gov/academy/space/atmosphere.html
| title = Earth's Atmosphere
| accessdate = October 25, 2007
| publisher  = [[National Aeronautics and Space Administration]]
| year   = 1995
| author = NASA
| archiveurl = https://web.archive.org/web/20071013232332/http://
liftoff.msfc.nasa.gov/academy/space/atmosphere.html
| archivedate = October 13, 2007
}}
NASA (1995), Earth's Atmosphere, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, archived from the original on October 13, 2007, สืบค้นเมื่อ October 25, 2007

การอ้างอิงจากหนังสือพิมพ์ นิตยสาร วารสาร หรือสิ่งพิมพ์รายคาบอื่น ๆ[แก้]

Journal article
{{Citation
| last  = Hill
| first = Marvin S.
| title = Joseph Smith and the 1826
Trial: New Evidence and New
Difficulties
| journal = BYU Studies
| volume  = 12
| issue   = 2
| year    = 1976
| pages   = 1–8
| url     = https://byustudies.byu.edu/shop/PDFSRC/12.2Hill.pdf
}}
Hill, Marvin S. (1976), "Joseph Smith and the 1826 Trial: New Evidence and New Difficulties" (PDF), BYU Studies, 12 (2): 1–8
Journal article with multiple authors and identifier
{{Citation
| last1  = Mandelkern
| first1 = M,
| last2  = Elias
| first2 = J,
| last3  = Eden
| first3 = D,
| last4  = Crothers
| first4 = D
| display-authors = 2
| title   = The dimensions of DNA in solution
| journal = J Mol Biol
| volume  = 152
| issue   = 1
| pages   = 153–161
| year    = 1981
| pmid    = 7338906
| doi     = 10.1016/0022-2836(81)90099-1
}}
Mandelkern, M,; Elias, J,; และคณะ (1981), "The dimensions of DNA in solution", J Mol Biol, 152 (1): 153–161, doi:10.1016/0022-2836(81)90099-1, PMID 7338906
Newspaper article
{{Citation
| last  = Smith
| first = Joseph III
| author-link = Joseph Smith III
| title = Last Testimony of Sister Emma
| newspaper = The Saints' Herald
| publication-place = Plano, IL
| volume = 26
| issue  = 19
| date   = October 1, 1879

| page   = 289
| url    = http://www.sidneyrigdon.com/dbroadhu/
IL/sain1872.htm#100179
}}
Smith, Joseph III (October 1, 1879), "Last Testimony of Sister Emma", The Saints' Herald, Plano, IL, 26 (19), p. 289

การอ้างอิงบันทึกการประชุมและการบรรยายสาธารณะ[แก้]

Conference paper
{{Citation
| last   = Sullivan
| first  = D.B.
| contribution = Time and frequency measurement
 at NIST: The first 100 years
| year   = 2001
| title  = 2001 IEEE Int'l Frequency Control Symp.
| publisher = National Institute of Standards and Technology
| contribution-url = http://tf.nist.gov/timefreq/general/pdf/1485.pdf
| chapter-format = PDF
}}
Sullivan, D.B. (2001), "Time and frequency measurement at NIST: The first 100 years" (PDF), 2001 IEEE Int'l Frequency Control Symp., National Institute of Standards and Technology
Lecture
{{Citation
| last   = Habicht
| first  = Christian
| contribution = Hellenistic Athens and her Philosophers
| year   = 1988
| title  = David Magie Lecture, Princeton University Program in the History, Archaeology, and Religions of the Ancient World
| publisher = Princeton University
| page=14 
}}
Habicht, Christian (1988), "Hellenistic Athens and her Philosophers", David Magie Lecture, Princeton University Program in the History, Archaeology, and Religions of the Ancient World, Princeton University, p. 14

การอ้างอิงบางตอนจากหนังสือ รวมถึงบทความในสารานุกรม[แก้]

Manuscript published in an edited compilation
{{Citation
| last  = Bidamon
| first = Emma Smith
| author-link = Emma Hale Smith
| chapter = Letter to Emma S. Pilgrim
| date = March 27, 1876
| editor-last  = Vogel
| editor-first = Dan
| title  = Early Mormon Documents
| volume = 1
| publisher = Signature Books
| publication-date = 1996
| isbn = 1-56085-072-8
}}
Bidamon, Emma Smith (March 27, 1876), "Letter to Emma S. Pilgrim", in Vogel, Dan, Early Mormon Documents, 1, Signature Books (published 1996), ISBN 1-56085-072-8
Work with an editor but no author
{{Citation
| editor-last  = Vogel
| editor-first = Dan
| title  = Early Mormon Documents
| volume = 1
| publisher = Signature Books
| publication-date = 1996
| isbn = 1-56085-072-8
}}
Vogel, Dan, ed. (1996), Early Mormon Documents, 1, Signature Books, ISBN 1-56085-072-8
Encyclopedia article by a named author
{{Citation
| last  = Kramer
| first = Martin
| author-link  = Martin Kramer
| year=1999
| title = Bernard Lewis
| editor-last  = Boyd
| editor-first = Kelley
| encyclopedia = Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing
| volume = 1
| pages  = 719–720
| location = London
| publisher = Fitzroy Dearborn
| url = http://www.geocities.com/martinkramerorg/BernardLewis.htm
}}
Kramer, Martin (1999), "Bernard Lewis", in Boyd, Kelley, Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing, 1, London: Fitzroy Dearborn, pp. 719–720
Encyclopedia article with no named author
{{Citation
| title = Bernard Lewis
| editor-last = Boyd
| editor-first = Kelley
| year = 1999
| encyclopedia = Encyclopedia of Historians
and Historical Writing
| volume = 1
| pages = 719–720
| publisher = Fitzroy Dearborn
| location = London
| url = http://www.geocities.com/martinkramerorg/BernardLewis.htm
}}
Boyd, Kelley, ed. (1999), "Bernard Lewis", Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing, 1, London: Fitzroy Dearborn, pp. 719–720

Republications, or edited quotations in a periodical article[แก้]

Manuscript edited and published in a journal
{{Citation
| last = Knight
| first = Joseph, Sr.
| year = 1833
| editor-last = Jessee
| editor-first = Dean
| title = Joseph Knight's Recollection
of Early Mormon History
| journal = BYU Studies
| volume = 17
| issue = 1
| publication-date = 1976
| page = 35
| url = https://byustudies.byu.edu/shop/PDFSRC/17.1Jessee.pdf
}}
Knight, Joseph, Sr. (1833), Jessee, Dean, ed., "Joseph Knight's Recollection of Early Mormon History" (PDF), BYU Studies (published 1976), 17 (1): 35
Manuscript written at one date and place, then published in a periodical at a different date and place with commentary by the editor.
{{Citation
| last = Klingensmith
| first = Philip
| type = Affidavit
| date = September 5, 1872
| place = Lincoln County, Nevada
| title = Mountain Meadows Massacre
| editor-last = Toohy
| editor-first = Dennis J.
| journal = Corinne Daily Reporter
| publication-date = September 24, 1872
| publication-place = Corinne, Utah
| volume = 5
| issue = 252
| page = 1
| url = http://udn.lib.utah.edu/u?/corinne,5359
}}
Klingensmith, Philip (September 5, 1872), written at Lincoln County, Nevada, Toohy, Dennis J., ed., "Mountain Meadows Massacre", Corinne Daily Reporter (Affidavit), Corinne, Utah (published September 24, 1872), 5 (252): 1

การอ้างอิงข่าวแจก/ข่าวประชาสัมพันธ์ (Press release)[แก้]

Press release with quotation
{{Citation
| url = https://www.apple.com/pr/library/2010/04/05ipad.html
| title = Apple Sells Over 300,000 iPads First Day
| publisher = Apple Inc
| accessdate = April 10, 2010
| quote = in the US as of midnight Saturday, April 3
| ref = none}}
Apple Sells Over 300,000 iPads First Day, Apple Inc, สืบค้นเมื่อ April 10, 2010, in the US as of midnight Saturday, April 3

การอ้างอิงสิทธิบัตร[แก้]

พารามิเตอร์ (optional ทั้งหมด)[แก้]

{{Citation
| inventor-last =
| inventor-first =
| inventorlink =
| inventor2-last =
| inventor2-first =
| inventorlink2 =
| publication-date =
| issue-date =
| title =
| country-code =
| description =
| patent-number =
| ref =
}}
  • inventor-last (or inventor1-last): The inventor's surname or last name.
  • inventor-first (or inventor1-first): The inventor's first or given name(s).
  • inventorlink (or inventorlink1): Title of an existing Wikipedia article about the first inventor.
  • inventor2-last, inventor3-last, inventor4-last: The second, third, and fourth authors' surname or last name, if applicable.
  • inventor2-first, inventor3-first, inventor4-first: The second, third, and fourth inventors' first or given name(s), if applicable.
  • inventorlink2, inventorlink3, inventorlink4: Title of an existing Wikipedia article about the second, third, and fourth inventor, if applicable.
  • publication-date: Date of publication or filing.
  • issue-date (or date): Date patent was issued by patent agency.
  • title: Title of the patent. If the title includes [square brackets], these must be encoded as "&#91;" for "[" and "&#93;" for "]"
  • country-code: Two-letter abbreviation of the country issuing the patent.
  • description: Type of patent; shown between country code and number.
  • patent-number: The number of the patent.
  • ref: Anchor id.

ตัวอย่าง[แก้]

United States patent with multiple inventors
{{Citation
| inventor1-last = Degermark
| inventor1-first = Mikael
| inventor2-last = Brodnik
| inventor2-first = Andrej
| inventor3-last = Carlsson
| inventor3-first = Svante
| inventor4-last = Pink
| inventor4-first = Stephen
| title = Fast routing lookup system
using complete prefix tree, bit vector,
and pointers in a routing table for
determining where to route IP datagrams
| issue-date = 2001
| patent-number = 6266706
| country-code = US}}
US 6266706, Degermark, Mikael; Andrej Brodnik & Svante Carlsson et al., "Fast routing lookup system using complete prefix tree, bit vector, and pointers in a routing table for determining where to route IP datagrams", issued 2001 

การอ้างอิงแบบปักหมุด (anchored citations)[แก้]

This template can generate a citation that can be combined with shortened footnotes or parenthetical referencing. It does this by creating an HTML anchor containing an ID. The special parameter |ref=harv generates an ID suitable for Harvard referencing templates such as {{harv}} as specified in the next section; this is the default for the {{citation}} template.

To disable anchor generation, specify |ref=none (in contrast, other Cite templates such as {{cite book}} and {{cite news}} do not create an anchor by default). You can also specify the ID directly, using the |ref=ID parameter. For example, suppose an article's References section contains the markup:

  • {{Citation |author=Sigmund Freud |title=Civilization and Its Discontents |year=1930 |ref=CivDis}}

which generates the citation:

  • Sigmund Freud (1930), Civilization and Its Discontents

Then, the markup "([[#CivDis|Freud 1930]])" generates a parenthetical reference "(Freud 1930)" containing a wikilink to the citation (try clicking on the wikilink).

Anchors for Harvard referencing templates[แก้]

IDs compatible with Harvard referencing templates such as {{harv}} are computed from the last names of the authors (or editors, if no authors are given) and the year of the cited source. For example, the markup "{{harv|Wright|Evans|1851|p=ix}}" generates the Harvard reference "(Wright & Evans 1851, p. ix)", which wikilinks to the citation whose markup and appearance are shown below:

  • {{Citation |last1=Wright |first1=Thomas |last2=Evans |first2=R. H. |title=Historical and Descriptive Account of the Caricatures of James Gillray |location=London |publisher=Henry G. Bohn |year=1851 |oclc=59510372}}
  • Wright, Thomas; Evans, R. H. (1851), Historical and Descriptive Account of the Caricatures of James Gillray, London: Henry G. Bohn, OCLC 59510372

In this example the {{citation}} template defines, and the {{harv}} template uses, the HTML ID "CITEREFWrightEvans1851", composed by concatenating the string "CITEREF" with the last names of the authors and the year. The {{harvid}} template can be used to generate such IDs, for example, {{harvid|Wright|Evans|1851}} generates "CITEREFWrightEvans1851".

Related methods which leave only a number in the text are to use the {{harvnb}} template enclosed in the <ref></ref> html code, or to use the {{sfn}} template alone. The example above would be <ref>{{harvnb|Wright|Evans|1851|p=ix}}</ref> or {{sfn|Wright|Evans|1851|p=ix}} both of which generate a footnote, such as

17. Wright & Evans 1851, p. ix

The names of only the first four authors are used; other author names are not concatenated to the ID. If no author names are given, editor names are used instead. For patents, inventor names are used instead of authors or editors. If these names are not given, this template does not generate an anchor.

Last names are used, as specified by the parameters |last1= (or |last=), |last2=, |last3=, and |last4=, and similarly for |editor1-last= etc. and for |inventor1-last= etc. If a full name is given but no last name is specified, this template falls back on the full name, but this usage is not recommended. For example, in "{{Citation | author = Sigmund Freud | title = The Ego and the Id | year = 1923}}" no last name is given, so this citation cannot be combined with the Harvard reference "{{harv|Freud|1923}}". To make these {{citation}} and {{harv}} invocations compatible, either replace "|author=Sigmund Freud" with "|first=Sigmund |last=Freud", or add "|ref={{harvid|Freud|1923}}" to the {{citation}} invocation, or add the same ref parameter (say, "|ref=EgoId") to both the {{citation}} and the {{harv}} invocations.

Similarly, the year is used, as specified by |year=. If no year is given, this template attempts to derive the year from |date= (or, if no date is given, from |publication-date=) by applying the MediaWiki § Time function. This heuristic works with many common date formats (American, International and ISO 8601 standard format YYYY-MM-DD as listed in WP:MOS), but may not work as expected with other formats, so when in doubt it may be safer to use |year=. Note that if only a year, say 2005, is known you must use |year=2005 rather than |date=2005.

IDs must be unique[แก้]

Names, years, and hand-specified IDs must be chosen so that the IDs are unique within a page; otherwise the HTML will not conform to the W3C standards, and any references to the citations will not work reliably. For example, suppose a page contains the following two citations with {{harv}}-compatible IDs:

If these citations were altered to say "2008" rather than "2008a" and "2008b", the resulting page would not work, because the two different citations would both attempt to use the ID "CITEREFMontesHalterman2008". To avoid this problem, distinguish the citations by appending suffixes to the years, e.g. "|year=2008a" and "|year=2008b", as was done above. Any Harvard references to these citations should use years with the same suffixes.

It is good practice to verify that a page does not contain duplicate IDs by using the W3C Markup Validation Service; see External links.

วันที่[แก้]

  1. The format of dates in the references of an article should use consistent and unambiguous styles. Example formats used in Wikipedia citations include: Dates should not be linked (say, to a Wikipedia article of the same name) in references. Please see Wikipedia:Manual of Style (dates and numbers) § Dates for more guidance about formatting dates.

เครื่องมือ[แก้]

See Wikipedia:Citing sources § Citation templates and tools for a list of tools that can help create a reference in the "citation" format.

TemplateData[แก้]

นี่คือเอกสารข้อมูลแม่แบบสำหรับแม่แบบนี้เมื่อใช้กับ วิชวลเอดิเตอร์ และเครื่องมืออื่น; ดูรายงานข้อผิดพลาดประจำเดือนสำหรับแม่แบบนี้

ข้อมูลแม่แบบสำหรับ Citation

The Citation template generates a citation for a book, periodical, contribution in a collective work, patent, or a web page. It determines the citation type by examining which parameters are used.

พารามิเตอร์แม่แบบ

พารามิเตอร์คำอธิบายชนิดสถานะ
Last namelast author author1 authors last1

The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

บรรทัดแนะนำ
First namefirst first1

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

บรรทัดแนะนำ
title of sourcetitle

Title of source; displays in italics.

สตริงจำเป็น
date of sourcedate

Full date of source being referenced in the same format as other publication dates in the citations.[1] Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after publisher.

สตริงเลือกได้
url of sourceurl

URL of an online location where the text of the publication can be found.

สตริงเลือกได้
Workwork journal website newspaper magazine encyclopedia encyclopaedia dictionary mailinglist

Name of the work in which the cited title is found

สตริงเลือกได้
Volumevolume

For one publication published in several volumes

บรรทัดแนะนำ
Issueissue number

Issue number

สตริงเลือกได้
Pagepage

Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

บรรทัดเลือกได้
Pagespages

Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'

บรรทัดแนะนำ
Patent Numberpatent-number

ไม่มีคำอธิบาย

สตริงเลือกได้
Descriptiondescription

Type of patent; shown between country code and number.

สตริงเลือกได้
Publication Datepublication-date pubdate

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written. Displays only if year or date are defined and only if different, else publication-date is used and displayed as date. Use the same format as other dates in the article; do not wikilink. Follows publisher; if work is not defined, then publication-date is preceded by "published" and enclosed in parenthesis.

สตริงเลือกได้
Issue Dateissue-date

Date patent was issued by patent agency.

สตริงเลือกได้
Date formatdf

Sets rendered dates to the specified format

สตริงเลือกได้
Year of publicationyear

Year of the source being referenced; recommended only when date parameter format is YYYY-MM-DD and a CITEREF disambiguator is needed

จำนวนเลือกได้
Postscriptpostscript

Controls the closing punctuation for a citation; defaults to a period (.); for no terminating punctuation, specify |postscript=none – leaving |postscript= empty is the same as omitting it, but is ambiguous. Ignored if quote is defined.

สตริงเลือกได้
Editor last nameeditor-last editor editor-surname editor-last1 editor-surname1 editor1 editor1-last editor1-surname editors

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

Unknownเลือกได้
Editor first nameeditor-first editor-first1 editor-given1 editor1-first editor1-given

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

Unknownเลือกได้
Author Maskauthor-mask authormask

Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text. Set author-mask to a numeric value n to set the dash n em spaces wide; set author-mask to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, "with". You must still include the values for all authors for metadata purposes. Primarily intended for use with bibliographies or bibliography styles where multiple works by a single author are listed sequentially such as shortened footnotes. Do not use in a list generated by {{reflist}}, <references /> or similar as there is no control of the order in which references are displayed. You can also use editor-mask and translator-mask in the same way.

สตริงเลือกได้
Original yearorig-year origyear

Original year of publication; provide specifics

จำนวนเลือกได้
Translated titletrans-title trans_title

An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

เนื้อหาเลือกได้
Translated chapter titletrans-chapter trans_chapter

An English language chapter title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

เนื้อหาเลือกได้
Typetype

Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

เนื้อหาเลือกได้
Archive URLarchive-url archiveurl

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

บรรทัดเลือกได้
Dead URLdead-url deadurl

If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

บรรทัดเลือกได้
Seriesseries version

Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal; alias of 'version'

เนื้อหาเลือกได้
periodicalperiodical

ไม่มีคำอธิบาย

สตริงเลือกได้
Atat

May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

บรรทัดเลือกได้
No ppnopp

Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

บรรทัดเลือกได้
Chapterchapter

The chapter heading of the source

สตริงเลือกได้
contributioncontribution

ไม่มีคำอธิบาย

สตริงเลือกได้
chapter-urlchapter-url chapterurl

ไม่มีคำอธิบาย

สตริงเลือกได้
contribution-urlcontribution-url

ไม่มีคำอธิบาย

สตริงเลือกได้
chapter-formatchapter-format

ไม่มีคำอธิบาย

สตริงเลือกได้
othersothers

ไม่มีคำอธิบาย

สตริงเลือกได้
Editionedition

When the publication has more than one edition; for example: '2nd', 'Revised' etc.; suffixed with ' ed.'

บรรทัดเลือกได้
Location of publicationplace location

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked

สตริงเลือกได้
Place of publicationpublication-place

Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

เนื้อหาเลือกได้
Publisherpublisher

Name of the publisher; displays after title

เนื้อหาเลือกได้
inin

ไม่มีคำอธิบาย

สตริงเลือกได้
Languagelanguage

The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

เนื้อหาเลือกได้
Formatformat

Format of the work referred to by 'url' ('url' is required when using 'format'); examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

เนื้อหาเลือกได้
arXiv identifierarxiv

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

บรรทัดเลือกได้
ASINasin ASIN

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

บรรทัดเลือกได้
ASIN TLDasin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

บรรทัดเลือกได้
Bibcodebibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

บรรทัดเลือกได้
biorXivbiorxiv

biorXiv identifier; 6 digits

บรรทัดเลือกได้
CiteSeerXciteseerx

CiteSeerX identifier; found after the 'doi=' query parameter

บรรทัดเลือกได้
DOIdoi DOI

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

สตริงเลือกได้
doi_inactivedatedoi_inactivedate

ไม่มีคำอธิบาย

สตริงเลือกได้
DOI broken datedoi-broken-date

The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

วันที่เลือกได้
ISBNisbn

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

บรรทัดเลือกได้
ISSNissn

International Standard Serial Number (print); 8 characters; usually split into two groups of four using a hyphen

บรรทัดเลือกได้
eISSNeissn

International Standard Serial Number (online); 8 characters; usually split into two groups of four using a hyphen

บรรทัดเลือกได้
jfm codejfm

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

บรรทัดเลือกได้
JSTORjstor

JSTOR identifier

บรรทัดเลือกได้
LCCNlccn

Library of Congress Control Number

บรรทัดเลือกได้
MRmr

Mathematical Reviews identifier

บรรทัดเลือกได้
OCLCoclc

Online Computer Library Center number

จำนวนเลือกได้
OLol

Open Library identifier

บรรทัดเลือกได้
OSTIosti

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

บรรทัดเลือกได้
PMCpmc

PubMed Center article number

จำนวนเลือกได้
PMIDpmid

PubMed Unique Identifier

บรรทัดเลือกได้
RFCrfc

Request for Comments number

จำนวนเลือกได้
SSRNssrn

Social Science Research Network

บรรทัดเลือกได้
Zblzbl

Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

บรรทัดเลือกได้
idid

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

บรรทัดเลือกได้
Quotequote

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

เนื้อหาเลือกได้
Refref

An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv and sfn templates

บรรทัดเลือกได้
URL access dateaccess-date accessdate

The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

วันที่เลือกได้
Lay URLlaysummary layurl lay-url

URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source

บรรทัดเลือกได้
Lay sourcelay-source laysource

Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

สตริงเลือกได้
Lay datelay-date laydate

Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

วันที่เลือกได้
Author name separatorauthor-name-separator

Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as &#32;

ค่าเริ่มต้น
,
บรรทัดเลือกได้
Last author ampersandlast-author-amp lastauthoramp

When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

ตรรกะเลือกได้
Display authorsdisplayauthors display-authors

number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used;

จำนวนเลือกได้
Archive datearchive-date archivedate

Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

วันที่เลือกได้
inventor-lastinventor-last inventor-surname inventor-last1 inventor invent-1 invent1 inventor1-surname

ไม่มีคำอธิบาย

สตริงเลือกได้
inventor2-lastinventor2-last inventor2 invent2 inventor2-surname

ไม่มีคำอธิบาย

สตริงเลือกได้
inventor3-lastinventor3-last inventor3 invent3 inventor3-surname

ไม่มีคำอธิบาย

สตริงเลือกได้
inventor4-lastinventor4-last inventor4 invent4 inventor4-surname

ไม่มีคำอธิบาย

สตริงเลือกได้
inventor-firstinventor-first inventor1-first inventor-given inventor1-given

ไม่มีคำอธิบาย

สตริงเลือกได้
inventor2-firstinventor2-first inventor2-given

ไม่มีคำอธิบาย

สตริงเลือกได้
inventor3-firstinventor3-first inventor3-given

ไม่มีคำอธิบาย

สตริงเลือกได้
inventor4-firstinventor4-first inventor4-given

ไม่มีคำอธิบาย

สตริงเลือกได้
inventorlinkinventorlink inventorlink1

ไม่มีคำอธิบาย

สตริงเลือกได้
inventorlink2inventorlink2

ไม่มีคำอธิบาย

สตริงเลือกได้
inventorlink3inventorlink3

ไม่มีคำอธิบาย

สตริงเลือกได้
inventorlink4inventorlink4

ไม่มีคำอธิบาย

สตริงเลือกได้
Last name 2last2 author2 surname2

The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'.

บรรทัดเลือกได้
First name 2first2 given2

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink.

บรรทัดเลือกได้
Last name 3last3 author3 surname3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

บรรทัดเลือกได้
First name 3first3 given3

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

บรรทัดเลือกได้
Last name 4last4 author4 surname4

The surname of the forth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

บรรทัดเลือกได้
First name 4first4 given4

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the forth author; don't wikilink.

บรรทัดเลือกได้
Last name 5last5 author5 surname5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

บรรทัดเลือกได้
First name 5first5 given5

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

บรรทัดเลือกได้
Last name 6last6 author6 surname6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

บรรทัดเลือกได้
First name 6first6

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

บรรทัดเลือกได้
Last name 7last7 author7 surname7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

บรรทัดเลือกได้
First name 7first7 given7

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

บรรทัดเลือกได้
Last name 8last8 author8 surname8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

บรรทัดเลือกได้
First name 8first8 given8

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

บรรทัดเลือกได้
Last name 9last9 author9 surname9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

บรรทัดเลือกได้
First name 9first9 given9

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

บรรทัดเลือกได้
Author linkauthor-link authorlink author1-link authorlink1

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

หน้าเลือกได้
Author link 2author-link2 author2-link authorlink2

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author.

หน้าเลือกได้
Author link 3author-link3 author3-link authorlink3

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

หน้าเลือกได้
Author link 4author-link4 author4-link authorlink4

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the forth author.

หน้าเลือกได้
Author link 5author-link5 author5-link authorlink5

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

หน้าเลือกได้
Author link 6author-link6 author6-link authorlink6

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

หน้าเลือกได้
Author link 7author-link7 author7-link authorlink7

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

หน้าเลือกได้
Author link 8author-link8 author8-link authorlink8

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

หน้าเลือกได้
Author link 9author-link9 author9-link authorlink9

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

หน้าเลือกได้
Coauthorcoauthor

Coauthor

สตริงเลิกใช้แล้ว
Coauthorscoauthors

Coauthors

สตริงเลิกใช้แล้ว
Editor last name 2editor2-last editor2

The surname of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link'.

บรรทัดเลือกได้
Editor first name 2editor2-first editor2-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second editor; don't wikilink.

บรรทัดเลือกได้
Editor last name 3editor3-last editor3

The surname of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link'.

บรรทัดเลือกได้
Editor first name 3editor3-first editor3-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third editor; don't wikilink.

บรรทัดเลือกได้
Editor last name 4editor4-last editor4

The surname of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link'.

บรรทัดเลือกได้
Editor first name 4editor4-first editor4-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth editor; don't wikilink.

บรรทัดเลือกได้
Editor last name 5editor5-last editor5

The surname of the fifth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor5-link'.

บรรทัดเลือกได้
Editor first name 5editor5-first editor5-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth editor; don't wikilink.

บรรทัดเลือกได้
Editor last name 6editor6-last editor6

The surname of the sixth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor6-link'.

บรรทัดเลือกได้
Editor first name 6editor6-first editor6-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth editor; don't wikilink.

บรรทัดเลือกได้
Editor last name 7editor7-last editor7

The surname of the seventh editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor7-link'.

บรรทัดเลือกได้
Editor first name 7editor7-first editor7-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh editor; don't wikilink.

บรรทัดเลือกได้
Editor last name 8editor8-last editor8

The surname of the eighth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor8-link'.

บรรทัดเลือกได้
Editor first name 8editor8-first editor8-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth editor; don't wikilink.

บรรทัดเลือกได้
Editor last name 9editor9-last editor9

The surname of the ninth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor9-link'.

บรรทัดเลือกได้
Editor first name 9editor9-first editor9-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth editor; don't wikilink.

บรรทัดเลือกได้
editor-linkeditor-link

ไม่มีคำอธิบาย

สตริงเลือกได้
editor1-linkeditor1-link

ไม่มีคำอธิบาย

สตริงเลือกได้
editor2-linkeditor2-link

ไม่มีคำอธิบาย

สตริงเลือกได้
editor3-linkeditor3-link

ไม่มีคำอธิบาย

สตริงเลือกได้
editor4-linkeditor4-link

ไม่มีคำอธิบาย

สตริงเลือกได้
Translator last nametranslator-last translator translator-last1 translator1 translator1-last

The surname of the translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional translators.

สตริงเลือกได้
Translator first nametranslator-first translator1-first translator-first1

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional translators.

สตริงเลือกได้
Translator linktranslator-link translator-link1 translator1-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the translator; can suffix with a numeral to add additional translators.

หน้าเลือกได้
Translator last name 2translator-last2 translator2 translator2-last

The surname of the second translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

สตริงเลือกได้
Translator first name 2translator-first2 translator2-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

สตริงเลือกได้
Translator last name 3translator-last3 translator3 translator3-last

The surname of the third translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

สตริงเลือกได้
Translator first name 3translator-first3 translator3-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

สตริงเลือกได้
Translator last name 4translator-last4 translator4 translator4-last

The surname of the fourth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

สตริงเลือกได้
Translator first name 4translator-first4 translator4-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

สตริงเลือกได้
Translator last name 5translator-last5 translator5 translator5-last

The surname of the fifth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

สตริงเลือกได้
Translator first name 5translator-first5 translator5-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

สตริงเลือกได้
Translator last name 6translator-last6 translator6 translator6-last

The surname of the sixth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

สตริงเลือกได้
Translator first name 6translator-first6 translator6-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

สตริงเลือกได้
Translator last name 7translator-last7 translator7 translator7-last

The surname of the seventh translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

สตริงเลือกได้
Translator first name 7translator-first7 translator7-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

สตริงเลือกได้
Translator last name 8translator-last8 translator8 translator8-last

The surname of the eighth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

สตริงเลือกได้
Translator first name 8translator-first8 translator8-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

สตริงเลือกได้
Translator last name 9translator-last9 translator9 translator9-last

The surname of the ninth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

สตริงเลือกได้
Translator first name 9translator-first9 translator9-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

สตริงเลือกได้
Translator link 2translator-link2 translator2-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second translator.

หน้าเลือกได้
Translator link 3translator-link3 translator3-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third translator.

หน้าเลือกได้
Translator link 4translator-link4 translator4-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth translator.

หน้าเลือกได้
Translator link 5translator-link5 translator5-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth translator.

หน้าเลือกได้
Translator link 6translator-link6 translator6-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth translator.

หน้าเลือกได้
Translator link 7translator-link7 translator7-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh translator.

หน้าเลือกได้
Translator link 8translator-link8 translator8-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth translator.

หน้าเลือกได้
Translator link 9translator-link9 translator9-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth translator.

หน้าเลือกได้
Country Codecountry-code

Two-letter abbreviation of the country issuing the patent.

Unknownเลือกได้

This template produces COinS metadata; see COinS in Wikipedia for background information.

ดูเพิ่ม[แก้]