ผู้ใช้:PNNutkung/กระบะทราย

จากวิกิพีเดีย สารานุกรมเสรี
ไปยังการนำทาง ไปยังการค้นหา
หน้านี้กล่าวถึงthe video game สำหรับthe Darts Tournament ดูที่ BetFred League of Legends
บทความนี้เกี่ยวกับLoL สำหรับother uses ดูที่ Lol (disambiguation)

แม่แบบ:Use mdy dates

League of Legends
ผู้พัฒนาRiot Games
ผู้จัดจำหน่าย
กำกับTom "Zileas" Cadwell
อำนวยการผลิตSteven Snow
Travis George
ออกแบบChristina Norman
Rob Garrett
Steve Feak
ศิลปินEdmundo Sanchez
Troy Adam
แต่งเพลงChristian Linke
เครื่องเล่นMicrosoft Windows, OS X
วางจำหน่าย
แนวMultiplayer online battle arena
รูปแบบMultiplayer

League of Legends (LoL) is a multiplayer online battle arena video game developed and published by Riot Games for Microsoft Windows[1] and Mac OS X, inspired by the mod Defense of the Ancients[2] for the video game Warcraft III: The Frozen Throne. It is a free-to-play game, supported by micro-transactions. It was first announced on October 7, 2008, and released on October 27, 2009.[3] League of Legends was generally well received at release, and has grown in popularity in the years since. According to a 2012 Forbes article, League of Legends is the most played PC game in the world in terms of the number of hours played.[4]

Gameplay[แก้]

Players are formed into two teams of five Champions (three on the Twisted Treeline map). As of December 13, 2013, there are 117 different Champions from which to choose. Each player begins at opposing sides of a map near a building called a Nexus. A match is won when either team's Nexus is destroyed. To destroy a Nexus, each team must work through a series of Turrets placed along a path – referred to as a Lane – to each base. Along the way, each player gains levels from killing the opposing team's Champions and Minions (non-player characters (NPCs) that regularly spawn and attack the other team) and defeating neutral monsters. Completing objectives rewards players with gold which is used to purchase items, making their Champion stronger.

Game modes and matchmaking[แก้]

League of Legends is a session-based game. Matchmaking creates teams with even average MMR (Matchmaking Rating) of the constituent players. MMR uses the Elo formula with proprietary adjustments.[5]

There are five general game types: Tutorial, Custom, Co-Op vs. AI, Normal or Ranked. However, even within each type, there are many options available.

  • Tutorial mode is a set of two introductory games that teach the basics. It is intended to help new players learn important concepts, which might not otherwise be obvious.
  • Custom mode allows players to create games that players opt into rather than relying on matchmaking to create the teams. In custom matches, the teams can be uneven (for example, 3v4 or 2v5) and may include a mix of players and bots, which are computer-controlled champions.
  • Co-op vs. AI mode matches players against a team of bots. Similar to the Tutorial mode, it is also intended mainly as a way for inexperienced players to learn, but it also used by more experienced players as a way of experimenting with new ideas or getting an easy First Win of the Day.
  • Ranked mode is available to players that are level 30. Ranked uses Draft Mode: the first player on each team bans 3 champions from the game, and the two teams cannot have an identical champion. In addition, opposing Champion picks are visible before the game begins. Second, ranked players are seeded into a League system.

Aram (all random all mid)[แก้]

Game play[แก้]

The Howling Abyss features two teams with five players each, all chosen randomly from the ones momentarily available for free and the ones already bought. Summoners are allowed to “reroll” their champion, with a maximum of two rolls, or trade with their team mates. Champions start fighting at level 3 with a high amount of gold.

Map[แก้]

The Howling Abyss is the only game mode with just a single lane, it has a two bases (nexus) one each end of the bridge defended by four turrets per team and one inhibitor.

The Twisted Treeline[แก้]

The Twisted Treeline is a two lane map, arranged horizontally, with two teams of three players each (3v3). The goal of the game is to destroy the enemies nexus which is defended buy one turret and two inhibitors. Two Turrets are placed on each lane. Thanks to the smaller map size it’s easier to “gank” other lanes, to jungle and to finish quickly the game (approximately 20-30 min according to League of Legends ). In this mode players will level up really fast and have a high amount of gold so it’s easier to kill and bring your team to victory.

Fields of Justice[แก้]

Maps in League of Legends are called Fields of Justice.[6] There are currently four maps that the players can choose from: three 5v5 maps and one 3v3 map.

A match puts two teams with a fixed number of players against each other. Each team has its base, which contains the re-spawn point, item shop and nexus. The two bases are connected by lanes. Periodically, waves of minions spawn from the nexus, AI-controlled troops that walk down the lanes, engaging any enemies they encounter. The lanes are lined with turrets that engage enemies within range. Once a turret is destroyed, it cannot be rebuilt. Each lane has an inhibitor on both ends. Inhibitor is a building that prevents powerful "super minions" from being spawned for the enemy team. The team that destroyed an inhibitor will gain a temporary advantage, but inhibitors will respawn after 5 minutes.

Besides the lanes, the maps also contain "jungle" areas, which contain neutral monsters to be killed for bonus gold and experience. Some powerful neutral monsters grant the killer a temporary buff that will help them in battle. Another special terrain feature is the brush. Brush blocks the line of sight of units, allowing champions to hide and set up an ambush.

The goal of each team is to destroy the enemy Nexus. The first team to achieve this is the victor. Victory is also attained if the opponent surrenders, using a voting system where 70% of the team must agree (4 of 5 players usually), but only after enough time has passed.

Dominion[แก้]

Dominion is a game mode released by Riot Games in September 2011.[7] Dominion brings faster action and tactical gameplay played on a new map, The Crystal Scar, and features a new Capture-and-Hold playstyle. The Inhibitors and Turrets have been removed – instead, the map has five Capture Points. Capturing one of these points will turn it into a Turret and allow it to start spawning minions. Item availability is also different in Dominion,.[8] Two new summoner spells, called Garrison and Promote were released with the new game mode, with the latter also being available in Summoner's Rift. Promote is no longer available in either game mode. The Teleport summoner spell is not available in Dominion. This game mode is aimed to be much shorter than conventional 30-45-minute classic games: most Dominion games average about 15–25 minutes in duration.

Persistence and meta-game[แก้]

The Summoner acts as the persistent element in the game, to be used to track statistics and scores for each player.[9][10] Summoners gain experience points and "Influence Points" (in-game currency) for each battle they participate in. Experience points lead to persistent level gains for the Summoner, up to a maximum level of 30. The benefit of gaining levels is unlocking Mastery Points and Rune Page slots (below) which improve the overall strength of the Summoner's chosen champion in-game. The Summoner can also choose two summoner spells.[9] These spells significantly impact gameplay, and have a high cooldown while costing no mana. All spells can be improved by masteries, which are developed in a skill tree.[9] Masteries are perks that affect gameplay, structured in a skill tree. All of the masteries are passive effects, although some augment summoner spells, which can be activated. They are grouped into Offensive, Defensive, and Utility categories. Masteries can be re-distributed at will between battles.

Similar to masteries, runes affect gameplay in minor ways. Runes are categorized into Marks (offensive), Seals (defensive), Glyphs (magic) and Quintessences (utility). Runes must be unlocked in the Store and it is possible to have more than one copy of a rune. Summoners must arrange their runes in the Runebook to benefit from them. The Runebook has limited number of slots for each rune type, but more rune pages can be purchased from either Influence Points or Riot Points. Combining two equal-tier runes produces a random rune of the same tier, while combining 5 equal-tier runes produces a higher-tier rune.

The League of Legends Store allows Summoners to purchase additional options through Riot Points (RP) and Influence Points (IP). Riot Points must be bought using real money, while Influence Points are earned by playing the game.

Moderation is conducted through a democratic system known as The Tribunal. In this system, player-submitted reports are reviewed by other players on a case-by-case basis. The reviewing players then submit their opinions on the legality of the behavior demonstrated. A consensus renders the decision official. It is notable that players are unable to be permanently banned through this system, since "all permanent bans are distributed manually." Reviewers receive a Justice Rating based on their accuracy to encourage thorough analysis of cases.[11]

Tournaments[แก้]

The 2010 World Cyber Games Grand Finals in Los Angeles hosted a League of Legends tournament, at which teams from China, Europe, and the America competed. The Counter Logic Gaming team from North America won the tournament, earning a $7,000 prize.[12]

The Season 1 World Championships in June 2011, held at Dreamhack in Sweden, featured US$100,000 in prizes. The European team Fnatic defeated teams from Europe, the USA, and Asia to win the tournament and received US$50,000 of prize money.[13] Over 1.6 million viewers watched streaming broadcast of the event, with a peak of over 210,000 simultaneous viewers in one semi-final match.[14]

After Season 1, Riot announced that US$5,000,000 would be paid out over Season 2. Of this 5 million, 2 million will go to Riot's partners including the IPL and other major eSports associations. Another 2 million goes to Riot's Season 2 qualifiers and championship. The final one million goes to small organizers who apply to Riot to host League of Legends tournaments.[15]

After a series of network issues during the Season 2 World Playoffs that led to several matches being delayed, Riot revealed on October 13, 2012, that a special LAN-based client had been quickly developed, designed for use in tournament environments where the effects of lag and other network issues can be detrimental to the proper organization of an event. The LAN client was deployed for the first time during the first quarter-final and semi-final matches played following the re-scheduled matches, and was in use during the finals.[16]

On October 13, 2012, Taiwan's professional team Taipei Assassins (TPA) triumphed over South Korea's Azubu Frost 3-to-1 in the Finals of Season 2 World Championship, and claimed the $1 million in prize money.[17]

As of 2013, League of Legends is the most popular e-sports game in South Korea.[18]

On March 23, 2013, the cinematographic studios in Rome hosted the Italian launch of League of Legends; more than 1,500 people were present, along with Riot Games developers, journalists and various guests. The show schedule included a cosplay contest and a challenge match between two Italian clans.[19]

On July 11, 2013, one of the publisher's managers Nick Allen announced that the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services now recognizes League of Legends pro-players as professional athletes and the visa application process is now simplified for them.[20][21] These changes allow professional players to stay in the United States for up to 5 years.[22]

Development[แก้]

แม่แบบ:Rewrite section

Riot Games was co-founded by Brandon Beck and Marc Merrill. They partnered with Steve "Guinsoo" Feak, the previous designer of the popular Warcraft III: The Frozen Throne custom map Defense of the Ancients, and Steve "Pendragon" Mescon, the administrator of the former official support base for the map (www.dota-allstars.com) to develop League Of Legends.[23] Using the original DotA created by Eul (the original Defence of The Ancients map for Warcraft III: Reign of Chaos) as a base, Guinsoo made DotA Allstars by inserting his own mix of content, greatly expanding the number of the heroes, and adding recipes, numerous items and various gameplay changes. Guinsoo then passed version 6 of the map on to a new developer, IceFrog.[ต้องการอ้างอิง]

The idea of a spiritual successor to Defense of the Ancients that would be its own stand-alone game with its own engine, rather than another Mod of Warcraft III began to materialize at the end of 2005. League of Legends was born "when a couple of very active DotA community members believed that the gameplay was so much fun and so innovative that it represented the spawning of a new genre and deserved to be its own professional game with significantly enhanced features and around-game services."[ต้องการอ้างอิง]

Riot Games officially opened its office in September 2006, and currently[เมื่อไร?] has over 1000 people working on League of Legends, "including their robust technology platform to service and operate the game as well as a team dedicated to community relations."[ต้องการอ้างอิง]

According to Marc Merrill, when creating the various champions in the game, instead of leaving the champion creation to just a few people, they decided to open up the champion creation process to everyone in the company based upon a template where they could vote on which champions made it into the game.[ต้องการอ้างอิง]

The game was in a closed beta from April 10, 2009, to October 22, 2009. It then transitioned to open beta until release.[24][25]

In March 2013, Riot Games released a beta version of an OS X client in addition to their Windows client.[26]

Release[แก้]

Riot Games has signed deals regarding the distribution of League of Legends in Asia, Europe, and North America. The game is expected to be released in the rest of the world also. The game has already released and is distributed in Australia, the United States, Canada, Europe, Philippines[27] and South Korea. No public announcements regarding other regions has yet been made.

In Asia, Tencent Inc., China's largest Internet value-added services company, best known for its QQ Instant Messaging client will be in charge of the distribution to Tencent's growing 300 million Internet user base through its leading QQ Game portal. The deal is one of only a handful of partnerships to bring a U.S.-developed online game directly to China.

In Europe, Riot Games has signed an international licensing partnership with GOA, the videogames department of Orange's Content Division and Europe's largest gaming portal. On October 13, 2009, GOA and Riot announced that they would start channeling server access for players located in Europe, to GOA's dedicated servers.[28] This restriction meant that players located in Europe would not be able to play on Riot's servers in the United States. Due to negative community feedback, the channeling decision was rescinded October 16, 2009.[29] In North America, Riot Games will self-publish and operate the game and all of its customer service aspects.

On May 10, 2010, Riot Games announced that they would take over distribution and operation of the game in Europe.[30] To do so, Riot Games established a European HQ in Dublin.[31]

On July 14, 2009, Riot Games announced that League of Legends will be free with "no catch".[9][32] There will be a digital copy for download, but there is also a Digital Collector's Copy that will be available to purchase that contains exclusive skins, $10 credit for Riot Points, and 20 champions to access without unlocking them normally via gameplay as well as 4 "special" runes; the Collector's Pack is currently available for $29.99.[33][34] Even though the game is free, Riot Games "plan[s] to continue to add content (characters etc...) with a full production team at very frequent intervals."[35] Using both free-to-play and freemium models, the game is supported by microtransactions (see store) rather than ads or boxed copy sales.[36]

On February 25, 2010, Riot Games announced that League of Legends would be distributed in Southeast Asian countries by an unspecified publisher and blocked SEA IP addresses pursuant to its distribution agreement.[37] The community has raised a number of concerns about the deal and the immediate IP block. On July 16, 2010, Riot Games announced that Garena would publish the game in Southeast Asia.[38] Additionally, Southeast Asian players had the ability "transfer accounts" to import their progress stored in North American or European servers, into the Southeast Asian server.

Reception[แก้]

Popular reception[แก้]

In a release published in November 2012, Riot Games claimed that League of Legends had accumulated 32.5 million players, 11.5 million of whom play monthly, of which 4.2 million play daily, making it the most played online game in the world.[39] In March 2012, League of Legends became the #1 title in Korean PC Cafes.[40] In Taiwan, it is estimated that almost 5 percent of their entire population played the game, with almost 1 million players subscribed on the server.[41] League of Legends is also very popular in the Philippines, and it is the second most played game in internet cafés in the country (just behind Defense of the Ancients).[42]

Critical reception[แก้]

การตอบรับ
คะแนนรวม
ผู้รวมคะแนน
เกมแรงกิงส์78.72%[43]
เมทาคริติก78%[44]
คะแนนปฏิทรรศน์
สิ่งพิมพ์เผยแพร่คะแนน
1อัพ.คอมA- [45]
ออลเกม3.5/5 starsStar full.svgStar full.svgStar half.svgStar empty.svg[46]
ยูโรเกมเมอร์8/10 starsStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar empty.svgStar empty.svg[47]
เกมเรโวลูชันB+ [48]
เกมสปาย4/5 starsStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar empty.svg[49]
GameZone4.5/5 starsStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar half.svg[50]
ไอจีเอ็น8/10 starsStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar empty.svgStar empty.svg[51]
Awards
สิ่งพิมพ์เผยแพร่รางวัล
GamespyGamer's Choice Award for PC Game of the Year (2009)
IGNReader's Choice Award for PC Best Strategy Game and PC Best Multiplayer Game (2009)
Gamasutra2010 Best Online Technology

2010 Best Online Visual Arts
2010 Best Online Game Design
2010 Best New Online Game

2010 Audience Award

League of Legends has received generally favorable reviews, and currently holds a Metacritic score of 78 out of 100.[44]

IGN awarded League of Legends 8.0 out of 10, highlighting an enjoyable game design, inventive champion design with good customization options and lively visuals. However, the game's confusing launch was criticized: it was felt that the title was released too early, with some features missing and others to be removed. Finally, the reviewer noted that high level players in the game have "little patience for newcomers," though the reviewer believed that matchmaking (not implemented at the time of review), would solve the problem by matching players of similar level together.[52]

The game has been criticized for server unreliability and unmoderated gameplay (such as player grief and harassment).[ต้องการอ้างอิง] A system to report players who misbehave in-game has been implemented, allowing a player to report others for undesired activities such as verbal harassment, intentional disruption of the game (e.g., 'feeding' the enemy team, making them gain kills and thus gold, by dying on purpose), staying away from the game for extended periods of time, and leaving the game. Riot released a peer review system called the "Tribunal" in May 2011.[53]

ถึง ตุลาคม 2012, Riot Games claims League of Legends has over 32 million registrations and averages 12 million players worldwide per day.[54] Global concurrent users online peaked at over 5 million players as of March 2013.[55] In July 2012 Xfire released a report stating that League of Legends was the most played PC game in North America and Europe, with 1.3 billion hours logged by players in those regions between July 2011 and June 2012.[4]

Awards and nominations[แก้]

Date Awards Category Result
December 14, 2009 IGN PC Best Strategy Game 2009 Readers' Choice Winner[56]
December 21, 2009 Gamespy Gamers' Choice Awards 2009 PC Gamers' Choice Winner[57]
October 8, 2010 1st Game Developers Online Choice Awards Best Online Technology, Visual Arts, Game Design, New Online Game, Audience Award Winner [58]
October 29, 2010 Golden Joystick Award Online Game Of The Year Winner[59]
October 21, 2011 Golden Joystick Award Best Free-To-Play Game Winner[60]

References[แก้]

  1. "League of Legends Home".
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  5. Matchmaking | League of Legends
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  11. Tribunal FAQ
  12. WCG 2010 prize money + distribution revealed | SK Gaming
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  20. Riot's Magus and Nick Allen talk Tournament Format
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  22. P-1A Internationally Recognized Athlete http://www.uscis.gov/portal/site/uscis/menuitem.eb1d4c2a3e5b9ac89243c6a7543f6d1a/?vgnextchannel=19860b89284a3210VgnVCM100000b92ca60aRCRD
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  24. RIOT GAMES INVITES ALL GAMERS TO JOIN THE LEAGUE OF LEGENDS BETA BEFORE START OF THE "PRE-SEASON"
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  39. [1] Riot Games infographic
  40. [2] MMO Champion
  41. "Taipei lights up to celebrate". Taipei lights up to celebrate 1 million LoL players.
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  52. Butts, Steve (November 6, 2009). "League of Legends Review". IGN. สืบค้นเมื่อ May 23, 2010. The strategy elements are sound, and it can be fun to just pick a lane and start chewing through minions as you work your way towards enemy towers and champions. But sometimes it feels like League of Legends throws too much at the player, both in terms of the number of champions and the general confusion of the larger battles. While that's not enough to dampen your enthusiasm of the game, the vague status of the launch and the more-than-occasional hostility of the community just might.
  53. Totilo, Stephen (January 13, 2011). "A New and Maybe Better Way to Stop People from being Jerks Online". สืบค้นเมื่อ May 5, 2011.
  54. MacManus, Christopher (October 12, 2012). "League of Legends the world's 'most played video game'". CNET. CBS Interactive. สืบค้นเมื่อ January 19, 2013.
  55. "League of Legends players summit a new peak". Riot Games. March 13, 2013. สืบค้นเมื่อ March 18, 2013.
  56. "PC Best Strategy Game Readers' Choice 2009". IGN. December 21, 2009. สืบค้นเมื่อ May 28, 2011.
  57. "PC Gamers' Choice 2009". Gamespy. December 21, 2009. สืบค้นเมื่อ May 28, 2011.
  58. "Riot's League of Legends Leads Game Developers Choice Online Award Winners". Gamasutra. October 28, 2010. สืบค้นเมื่อ May 28, 2011.
  59. "GJ10: Online Game Of The Year is..." computerandvideogames.com. October 29, 2010. สืบค้นเมื่อ October 16, 2013.
  60. "Beta Gamezone". GameZone. October 22, 2011. สืบค้นเมื่อ October 25, 2011.

League of Legends. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Dec. 2013.

    <http://gameinfo.euw.leagueoflegends.com/en/game-info/game-modes/ 
    howling-abyss/>.

League of Legends. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2013.

    <http://gameinfo.euw.leagueoflegends.com/en/game-info/game-modes/ 
    the-twisted-treeline/>.

External links[แก้]

แม่แบบ:Category commons