สกุลกะเรกะร่อน

จากวิกิพีเดีย สารานุกรมเสรี
Boat orchids
Cymbidium Clarisse Austin 'Best Pink'
การจำแนกชั้นทางวิทยาศาสตร์
อาณาจักร: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
อันดับ: Asparagales
วงศ์: Orchidaceae
วงศ์ย่อย: Epidendroideae
เผ่า: Cymbidieae
เผ่าย่อย: Cymbidiinae
สกุล: Cymbidium
Swartz
Species

See text.(over 60 species)

ชื่อพ้อง
  • Cyperochis Blume
  • Iridorchis Blume
  • Jensoa fRaf.
  • Pachyrhizanthe (Schltr.) Nakai
Cymbidium Clarisse 'Best Pink'
Cymbidium dayanum
Cymbidium Hybrid
Golden Leaf-edge Orchid
(Cymbidium floribundum)

สกุลกะเรกะร่อน หรือ Cymbidium /sɪmˈbɪdiəm/,[1] เป็นสกุลของกล้วยไม้ไม่ผลัดใบ มี 52 สปีชีส์ ชื่อสกุลนี้มาจากภาษากรีก kumbos หมายถึงช่อง ซึ่งหมายถึงฐานของกลีบปาก

สปีชีส์[แก้]

  • Cymbidium aestivum (ยูนนาน จีนภาคใต้ถึงภาคกลางl)
  • Cymbidium aliciae (Philippines)
  • Cymbidium aloifolium: Aloe-Leafed Cymbidium (Himalaya to W. Malaysia)
  • Cymbidium atropurpureum (S. Thailand, W. & C. Malaysia)
  • Cymbidium bicolor: Two-Colored Cymbidium (S. China to Trop. Asia)
    • Cymbidium bicolor subsp. bicolor (S. India, Sri Lanka) Pseudobulb epiphyte
    • Cymbidium bicolor subsp. obtusum (Himalaya to S. China and Indo-China). Pseudobulb epiphyte
    • Cymbidium bicolor subsp. pubescens (W. & C. Malaysia)
  • Cymbidium borneense (N. & NW. Borneo)
  • Cymbidium canaliculatum: Banana Orchid, Queensland Black Orchid, Small Groove-leaf Cymbidium (N. & E. Australia)
  • Cymbidium chawalongense'' (newly discovered in Tibet)
  • Cymbidium chloranthum: Green-flowered Cymbidium (W. Malaysia)
  • Cymbidium cochleare (E. Himalaya to Taiwan)
  • Cymbidium concinnum (Yunnan, SW China)
  • Cymbidium cyperifolium (Himalaya to S. China and Philippines)
    • Cymbidium cyperifolium subsp. cyperifolium (Himalaya to S. China).. Pseudobulb epiphyte
    • Cymbidium cyperifolium subsp. indochinense (Indo-China, Philippines). Pseudobulb epiphyte
  • Cymbidium dayanum: Phoenix Orchid, Tree Orchid, Day's Cymbidium (Himalaya to S. Japan and Malaysia)
  • Cymbidium defoliatum (China)
  • Cymbidium devonianum: Devon's Cymbidium (Nepal to N. Thailand)
  • Cymbidium eburneum: Ivory-colored Cymbidium (Himalaya to Hainan)
  • Cymbidium elongatum (NW. Borneo)
  • Cymbidium elegans (SW China)
  • Cymbidium ensifolium: Four Season Orchid, Golden-thread Orchid, Spring Orchid, Burned Apex Orchid, Rock Orchid (Trop. & Temp. E. Asia)
    • Cymbidium ensifolium subsp. ensifolium: Mt. Tu-Wu Fall Orchid (Indo-China to Temp. E. Asia). Pseudobulb, epiphyte
    • Cymbidium ensifolium subsp. haematodes (S. India to New Guinea). Pseudobulb epiphyte
  • Cymbidium erythraeum: Indian Cymbidium (Himalaya to SC. China)
  • Cymbidium erythrostylum: Red Column Cymbidium (Vietnam)
  • Cymbidium faberi: Multi-flower Orchid, Miscanthus Orchid (Uttaranchal to Taiwan)
    • Cymbidium faberi var. faberi (C. & S. China, Taiwan). Pseudobulb epiphyte
    • Cymbidium faberi var. szechuanicum (Uttaranchal to SC. China). Pseudobulb epiphyte
  • Cymbidium finlaysonianum: Finlayson's Cymbidium (Indo-China to Malaysia)
  • Cymbidium flavum (China)
  • Cymbidium floribundum: Golden Leaf-edge Orchid, Golden-edged Orchid, Yellow Margin Orchid (S. China, Taiwan).
  • Cymbidium goeringii: Spring Orchid (Himalaya to Temp. E. Asia).
    • Cymbidium goeringii subsp. goeringii : Goering's Cymbidium (Himalaya to Temp. E. Asia). Pseudobulb epiphyte
      • Cymbidium goeringii subsp. goeringii var. goeringii: Chinese Spring Orchid, Japanese Spring Orchid, Korean Spring Orchid (Temp. E. Asia) Pseudobulb epiphyte
      • Cymbidium goeringii subsp. goeringii var. formosanum: Taiwanese Spring Orchid (Taiwan) Pseudobulb epiphyte
      • Cymbidium goeringii subsp. goeringii var. forrestii: Yunnanese Spring Orchid, Pseudobulb epiphyte
    • Cymbidium goeringii subsp. gracillimum : Leek Orchid, Chive Orchid (Japan to S. China). Pseudobulb epiphyte
    • Cymbidium goeringii subsp. longibracteatum (SC. China). Pseudobulb epiphyte
      • Cymbidium goeringii subsp. longibracteatum var. longibracteatum Sword-leaf Spring Orchid (SC. China). Pseudobulb epiphyte
      • Cymbidium goeringii subsp. longibracteatum var. tsukengensis Mt. Tsukerg Orchid, Snow Orchid (SC. China). Pseudobulb epiphyte
    • Cymbidium goeringii subsp. tortisepalum : Broad-leaf Spring Orchid (SC. China to Taiwan) Pseudobulb epiphyte
      • Cymbidium goeringii subsp. tortisepalum var. tortisepalum (Taiwan). Pseudobulb epiphyte
      • Cymbidium goeringii subsp. tortisepalum var. lianpan Miscanthus Orchid (SC. China). Pseudobulb epiphyte
  • Cymbidium gongshanense (S. China)
  • Cymbidium hartinahianum J.B.Comber & Nasution 1977 (N. Sumatra)
  • Cymbidium hookerianum (E. Nepal to S. China).
  • Cymbidium insigne'': Splendid Cymbidium (N. Thailand to Hainan)
  • Cymbidium iridioides: Iris-like Cymbidium (Himalaya to SC. China)
  • Cymbidium kanran: Cold-growing Cymbidium (S. China to S. Japan)
  • Cymbidium lancifolium: Green-flowered Peacock Orchid, Lance-leafed Cymbidium (Trop. & Subtrop. Asia)
    • Cymbidium lancifolium var. lancifolium : Green Bamboo-leaf Orchid, Cut-grass Orchid (Trop. & Subtrop. Asia) Pseudobulb epiphyte
    • Cymbidium lancifolium var. papuanum (New Guinea). Pseudobulb epiphyte
  • Cymbidium longifolium (Himalaya to SC. China)
  • Cymbidium lowianum'': Low's Cymbidium (China to N. Indo-China)
    • Cymbidium lowianum var. kalawense (Myanmar). Pseudobulb epiphyte
    • Cymbidium lowianum var. lowianum (China to N. Indo-China). Pseudobulb epiphyte
  • Cymbidium macrorhizon (N. Pakistan to Temp. E. Asia).
  • Cymbidium madidum: Buttercup Orchid, Northern Cymbidium, Moist Forest Cymbidium (Queensland to N. New South Wales)
  • Cymbidium maguanense'' F.Y. Liu: Ivory-colored Cymbidium (Yunnan, SW China)
  • Cymbidium mastersii: Masters's Cymbidium (E. Himalaya to China)
  • Cymbidium micranthum'' (Yunnan, China South-Central,temperate Asia)
  • Cymbidium multiradicatum'' (Yunnan, SW China)
  • Cymbidium munronianum (E. Himalaya to Assam)
  • Cymbidium nanulum (China (SW. Yunnan, SW. Guizhou), Hainan)
  • Cymbidium omeiense (China, Xichuan)
  • Cymbidium parishii (S. Myanmar)
  • Cymbidium qiubeiense (China)
  • Cymbidium rectum (Malaysia, N. Borneo)
  • Cymbidium roseum (W. Malaysia)
  • Cymbidium sanderae'': Sander's Cymbidium (Vietnam)
  • Cymbidium schroederi (C. Vietnam)
  • Cymbidium sigmoideum (W. Malaysia)
  • Cymbidium sinense: Chinese Cymbidium (Assam to Nansei-shoto)
  • Cymbidium suave: Snake Orchid (E. Australia)
  • Cymbidium suavissimum'' (N. Myanmar)
  • Cymbidium teretipetiolatum (China)
  • Cymbidium tigrinum: Tiger-striped Cymbidium (Assam to China).
  • Cymbidium tracyanum: Tracy's Cymbidium (SE. Tibet to China and Indo-China)
  • Cymbidium wenshanense (China to Vietnam)
  • Cymbidium whiteae (Sikkim)
  • Cymbidium wilsonii'' (China)

ลูกผสมตามธรรมชาติ[แก้]

  • Cymbidium × ballianum (= C. eburneum × C. mastersii) (Myanmar)
  • Cymbidium × baoshanense (= C. lowianum × C. tigrinum) (SC. Yunnan)
  • Cymbidium × chiu-lih(?) (= C. lancifolium × C. ensifolium) (China)
  • Cymbidium × nishiuchianum (= C. goeringii × C. kanran) (Taiwan)
  • Cymbidium × nishiuchianum (= C. goeringii subsp. goeringii var. formosanum × C. kanran) (Taiwan)
  • Cymbidium × florinda (= C. erythrostylum × C. iridioides. Cyperorchis × florinda) (Vietnam)
  • Cymbidium × gammieanum (= C. elegans × C. erythraeum. Cyperorchis × gammieana) (Nepal to Sikkim)
  • Cymbidium × glebelandensis (= C. insigne × C. schroederi) (Vietnam)
  • Cymbidium × jy-shiang(?) (= C. lancifolium × C. sinense) (China)
  • Cymbidium × rosefieldense (= C. hookerianum × C. tracyanum. Cyperorchis × rosefieldensis) (Vietnam)
  • Cymbidium × woodlandense (= C. mastersii × C. tracyanum. Cyperorchis × woodlandensis) (Myanmar)

อ้างอิง[แก้]

  1. Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607

แหล่งข้อมูลอื่น[แก้]