ท่าอากาศยานแมนเชสเตอร์

จากวิกิพีเดีย สารานุกรมเสรี
Manchester Airport

Manchester Airport logo.svg.png

Manchester Airport.jpg

IATA: MANICAO: EGCC
ข้อมูลสำคัญ
การใช้งาน สาธารณะ
เจ้าของ Manchester Airports Group
ผู้ดำเนินการ Manchester Airport Plc
สถานที่ตั้ง Ringway, Manchester, Greater Manchester
ฐานการบิน
ความสูง 257 ฟุต / 78 เมตร
พิกัด 53°21′14″N 002°16′30″W / 53.35389°N 2.27500°W / 53.35389; -2.27500 (Manchester Airport)พิกัดภูมิศาสตร์: 53°21′14″N 002°16′30″W / 53.35389°N 2.27500°W / 53.35389; -2.27500 (Manchester Airport)
เว็บไซต์ http://manchesterairport.co.uk
แผนที่
Manchester Airport is located in Greater Manchester
Manchester Airport
Manchester Airport
Location within Greater Manchester
ทางวิ่ง
ทิศทาง
ความยาว
พื้นผิว
เมตร
ฟุต
05L/23R 3,048 10,000 Concrete/grooved asphalt
05R/23L 3,200 10,499 Concrete/grooved asphalt
สถิติ (2010)
Aircraft Movements 148,893
Passengers 17,664,528
Source: UK CAA Official Statistics[1]

ท่าอากาศยานแมนเชสเตอร์ (Manchester Airport) เป็นท่าอากาศยานหลักของ แมนเชสเตอร์ อังกฤษ เปิดให้บริการเมื่อเดือนมิถุนายน พ.ศ. 2481 โดยใช้ชื่อว่าท่าอากาศยานริงเวย์ (Ringway Airport) และในช่วงสางครามโลกครั้งที่ 2 ว่า ฐานทัพอากาศริงเวย์ (RAF Ringway) และตั้งแต่ปีพ.ศ. 2518 ถึง 2529 ใช้ชื่อว่า ท่าอากาศยานนานาชาติแมนเชสเตอร์ (Manchester International Airport) ท่าอากาศยานแห่งนี้ตั้งอยู่ระหว่างเมืองเชสไชร์และแมนเชสเตอร์ ในเขตมณฑลแมนเชสเตอร์

ท่าอากาศยานแห่งนี้ประกอบด้วยทางวิ่ง 2 เส้น อาคารผู้โดยสาร 3 หลัง และมีสถานีรถไฟ บริหารงานโดย Manchester Airport Group

Terminals and destinations[แก้]

Terminal 1 skylink

Terminal 1[แก้]

สายการบิน จุดหมายปลายทาง Alliance
Aer Arann Galway, Sligo, Waterford none
Aer Lingus Cork, Dublin none
Air Berlin Paderborn/Lippstadt none
Air Transat Toronto-Pearson none
AMC Airlines Sharm el-Sheikh none
Aurigny Air Services Guernsey none
BH Air Burgas, Plovdiv, Varna none
City Airline Gothenburg-Landvetter none
Cyprus Airways Larnaca, Paphos none
Cyprus Turkish Airlines Antalya, Dalaman, Ercan none
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi none
Eurocypria Airlines Heraklion, Larnaca, Paphos none
Finnair Helsinki Oneworld
Icelandair Reykjavik-Keflavik none
Jet2.com Alicante, Budapest, Chambery, Dalaman [begins 18 May], Faro, Geneva, Heraklion [begins 18 May], Ibiza, Lanzarote, Majorca, Malaga, Murcia, Nice, Pisa, Rhodes [begins 20 May], Rome-Fiumicino, Sardinia [begins 27 April], Sharm El Sheikh, Tenerife-South, Tel Aviv [begins 21 May] none
Libyan Airlines Tripoli none
ลุฟต์ฮันซา แฟรงค์เฟิร์ต, มิวนิค Star Alliance
Lufthansa Regional (operated by Eurowings) Düsseldorf Star Alliance
Lufthansa Regional (operated by Lufthansa CityLine) Hamburg, Munich Star Alliance
Monarch Airlines Alicante, Almeria, Antalya, Arrecife, Banjul, Barcelona, Bodrum, Bourgas, Calgary, Cancun, Catania, Chania, Dalaman, Dubrovnik, Faro, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gibraltar, Goa, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kittilä, Kos, Larnaca, Las Palmas, Luxor, Mahon, Málaga, Male, Mombasa, Monastir, Montego Bay, Murcia, Naples, Orlando-Sanford, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Preveza, Puerto Plata, Pula, Rhodes, Sharm el-Sheikh, Tenerife-South, Venice, Volos, Zakynthos none
Olympic Airlines Athens none
Ryanair Bremen, Brussels-Charleroi, Cagliari [begins 1 April], Dublin, Girona, Hahn, Marseille, Milan-Bergamo, Shannon, Weeze none
SATA International Ponta Delgada none
Scandinavian Airlines System Copenhagen, Oslo, Stockholm-Arlanda Star Alliance
SkyEurope Bratislava, Kosice none
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich Star Alliance
Swiss International Air Lines (operated by Swiss European Air Lines) Basel/Mulhouse, Geneva Star Alliance
Thomas Cook Airlines Alicante, Almeria, Antalya, Arrecife, Bodrum, Bourgas, Calgary, Cancun, Corfu, Dalaman, Faro, Funchal, Fuerteventura, Gerona, Heraklion, Hurghada, Ibiza, Izmir, Jerez, Kalamata, Kefallinia, Kos, Larnaca, Las Palmas, Las Vegas, Mahon, Málaga, Malta, Monastir, Montego Bay, Naples, Orlando-Sanford, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Preveza, Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, Reus, Rhodes, Rimini, Santa Clara, Santorini, Sharm el-Sheikh, Skiathos, Split, Tenerife-South, Thessaloniki, Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver, Verona, Zakynthos none
TUIfly Cologne/Bonn, Stuttgart none
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk Star Alliance

Terminal 2[แก้]

Terminal 2

Terminal 2 is mostly used by SkyTeam airline members and long haul and charter airlines flying to international destinations only. It opened in 1993, handling many scheduled European and Intercontinental flights. Some European scheduled airlines such as Air France, Air Malta and KLM operate flights from the terminal, whilst charter airline Thomson Airways uses the terminal as a base.

Terminal 2 has 16 gates, of which 15 have airbridges. The design of the terminal allows it to be readily capable of extensive expansion; planning permission already exists for a major extension providing additional gates, together with the construction of a satellite pier. Terminal 2's current capacity is around 8 million passengers a year and will be extended to ultimately handle 25 million passengers a year.[2] In 2007 an £11 million project commenced to redevelop Terminal 2 by improving security and enhancing retail and catering services. A new upper-level security control area opened on 16 July 2008, and the first phase of Terminal 2's retail and catering improvements are scheduled for completion by mid-September 2008.

Terminal 2 is expected to accommodate the Airbus A380. In the expansion plan, a dedicated new gate area facility and lounge is to be added to the terminal and most of the new gates and stands will be designed to accommodate the A380, should commercial flights begin at the airport.

สายการบิน จุดหมายปลายทาง Alliance
Airblue Islamabad none
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle SkyTeam
Air Malta Malta none
Astraeus Agadir, Alexandria, Banjul-Yundum, Calvi, Chambéry, Ilha Do Sal, Kefallinia, Lourdes-Tarbes, Olbia, Paphos, Reus, Salzburg, Taba, Tenerife-South none
Bulgaria Air Sofia none
Continental Airlines Newark SkyTeam
Czech Airlines Prague, Cancun [seasonal], Varadero [seasonal] SkyTeam
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, New York-JFK SkyTeam
Emirates Dubai none
Flyglobespan Calgary [seasonal], Hamilton [seasonal], Vancouver [seasonal] none
Free Bird Airlines Antalya, Dalaman [seasonal] none
KLM Royal Dutch Airlines Amsterdam SkyTeam
KLM Cityhopper Amsterdam SkyTeam
Luxor Air Sharm el-Sheikh none
Onur Air Antalya, Bodrum, Dalaman, Ercan none
Pakistan International Airlines Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore[2] none
Qatar Airways Doha none
Saudi Arabian Airlines Geneva, Jeddah, Riyadh none
Singapore Airlines Singapore Star Alliance
Thomson Airways Agadir, Alicante, Almeria, Antalya, Antigua, Arrecife, Aruba, Banjul Yundum-Bodrum, Bourgas, Bridgetown, Cancún, Cayo Cayo, Chania, Colombo, Corfu, Dalaman, Dubrovnik, Fort Lauderdale, Faro, Figari, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Geneva, Girona, Goa, Grenoble, Heraklion, Holguin, Hurghada, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Ilha do Sal, Istanbul, Izmir, Kavala, Kefallinia, Kittila, Kos, Larnaca, La Romana, Las Palmas, Luxor, Lyon, Mahon, Málaga, Male, Malta, Marrakech, Mitilini-Lesbos, Monastir, Montego Bay, Naples, Nassau, New Orleans, Orlando-Sanford, Ovda, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Pisa, Porlamor, Puerto Plata, Puerto Vallarta, Pula, Punta Cana, Reus, Rhodes, Rovaniemi, St Lucia, Salvador de Bahia, Salzburg, Samos, Santorini, Sharm El-Sheikh, Skiathos, Sofia, Taba, Tel Aviv, Tenerife-South, Thessaloniki, Toulouse, Turin, Varadero, Varna, Venice, Verona, Zakynthos none
US Airways Philadelphia Star Alliance
Virgin Atlantic Bridgetown, Orlando, St Lucia none

Note:^  Although some of PIA's flights from Islamabad, Karachi and Lahore continue onto New York-JFK from Manchester, passengers flying Pakistan International Airlines may not board flights from Manchester to go New York-JFK and vice versa. Passengers must originate from Pakistan and fly to JFK and vice versa. Therefore, New York-JFK is not listed as a destination from Manchester.

Terminal 3[แก้]

American Airlines at Terminal 3

Terminal 3 was for a number of years known in succession as "Terminal 1 - British Airways", "Terminal 1A" and "Terminal 3 - British Airways and Domestic". It was opened by Diana, Princess of Wales in May 1989. In June 1998, British Airways opened their new £75 million terminal facility, a major extension to Terminal 3, and were the primary user of the terminal along with their partner airlines. However, more recently they have significantly scaled down operations from Manchester Airport with the sale of their BA Connect subsidiary to Flybe; the ending of their franchise agreement with GB Airways and the retraction of their daily New York-JFK service in October 2008, after 54 years of operation. This leaves a severely truncated BA operation serving only London Heathrow and London Gatwick from Manchester.

After taking over BA Connect's select routes, Flybe has gone on to add several more successful destinations. Today, Flybe, bmibaby, bmi and easyJet are the major operators at Terminal 3. Other carriers operating from the terminal include American Airlines, Brussels Airlines and domestic carrier Air Southwest.

Terminal 3 is due for expansion between 2008 and 2010, in an aim to provide extra stand capacity and a more spacious and logical check-in area. Security improvements are due to be completed by spring 2009, with project completion set for winter 2009/10.[ต้องการอ้างอิง]

สายการบิน จุดหมายปลายทาง Alliance
Air Southwest Bristol, Newquay, Plymouth none
American Airlines Chicago-O'Hare Oneworld
bmi Antigua [ends 24 April], Arrecife, Bridgetown [ends 25 April], Dalaman [charter], Las Vegas [ends 26 April], London-Heathrow, Lyon, Olbia [charter], Preveza [charter], Toulouse [seasonal], Venice Star Alliance
bmi Regional Aberdeen, Edinburgh, Glasgow-International Star Alliance
bmibaby Alicante, Amsterdam [begins 29 March], Barcelona, Belfast-International, Bordeaux, Cork, Geneva, Jersey, Knock, Lisbon, Málaga, Newquay, Toulouse [begins 29 March], Palma de Mallorca, Perpignan none
British Airways London-Gatwick, London-Heathrow Oneworld
British Airways (operated by Sun Air of Scandinavia) Billund Oneworld
Brussels Airlines Brussels none
easyJet Alicante, Athens [begins 5 August], Bastia [begins 9 August], Corfu [begins 4 May], Dalaman [begins August 6], Geneva, Heraklion [begins 1 May], Málaga, Malta, Paphos, Sofia, Tenerife-South none
Flybe Belfast-City, Bergerac, Brest, Brussels, Düsseldorf, Edinburgh, Exeter, Frankfurt, Geneva, Glasgow-International, Guernsey [seasonal], Hanover, Inverness, Isle of Man, Jersey, Lyon, Milan-Malpensa, Norwich, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Rennes, Southampton none
VLM Airlines Antwerp, Jersey, London-City, Luxembourg, Rotterdam none

อ้างอิง[แก้]

  1. [1], Provisional UK CAA Airport statistics 2010
  2. อ้างอิงผิดพลาด: ป้ายระบุ <ref> ไม่ถูกต้อง ไม่มีข้อความใดให้ไว้สำหรับอ้างอิงชื่อ autogenerated7

แหล่งข้อมูลอื่น[แก้]