รายนามประธานาธิบดีซีเรีย

จากวิกิพีเดีย สารานุกรมเสรี
ไปยังการนำทาง ไปยังการค้นหา
ประธานาธิบดี
แห่งสาธารณรัฐอาหรับซีเรีย
Standard of the President of Syria.svg
ธงประจำตำแหน่ง
Bashar al-Assad (2018-05-17) 03.jpg
ผู้ดำรงตำแหน่งคนปัจจุบัน
บัชชาร อัลอะซัด

ตั้งแต่ 17 กรกฎาคม พ.ศ. 2543
วาระ7 ปี
ผู้ประเดิมตำแหน่งชูบี บาการัด
สถาปนา17 เมษายน พ.ศ. 2489

พรรคการเมือง[แก้]

      ไม่สังกัดพรรคการเมือง       พรรคประชาชน       พรรคบาอัด       พรรคบาอัดซีเรีย

รายนามประธานาธิบดี[แก้]

Meaning
Acting president.
align=center style="background-color:แม่แบบ:National Bloc (Syria)/meta/color; color:white;" | National Bloc
align=center style="background-color:แม่แบบ:National Party (Syria)/meta/color; color:white;" | National Party
align=center style="background-color:แม่แบบ:Syrian Social Nationalist Party/meta/color; color:white;" | Syrian Social Nationalist Party
align=center style="background-color:แม่แบบ:Military rule/meta/color; color:white;" | Military
align=center style="background-color:แม่แบบ:Arab Liberation Movement/meta/color; color:white;" | Arab Liberation Movement
align=center style="background-color:แม่แบบ:National Union (United Arab Republic)/meta/color; color:white;" | National Union
align=center style="background-color:แม่แบบ:People's Party (Syria)/meta/color; color:white;" | People's Party
align=center style="background-color:แม่แบบ:Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Syria Region/meta/color; color:white;" | Syrian Regional Branch
(Ba'ath Party / Syrian Ba'ath Party)

Syrian Federation under the French Mandate (1922–1924)[แก้]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of office Political party Note(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
1 Subhi barkat.jpg Subhi Barakat
(1889–1939)
29[1] June 1922 31 December 1924 2 ปี 185 วัน Independent

State of Syria under the French Mandate (1925–1930)[แก้]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of office Political party Note(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
1 Subhi barkat.jpg Subhi Barakat
(1889–1939)
1 January 1925 21 December 1925 0 ปี 354 วัน Independent
No image.svg François Pierre-Alype
(1853–1932)
9 February 1926 28 April 1926 0 ปี 78 วัน Independent
2 Ahmad nami.jpg Ahmad Nami
(1873–1962)
28 April 1926 15 February 1928 1 ปี 293 วัน Independent
Taj al-Din al-Hasani.jpg Taj al-Din al-Hasani
(1885–1943)
15 February 1928 14 May 1930 2 ปี 88 วัน Independent

Syrian Republic under the French Mandate (1930–1945)[แก้]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of office Political party Note(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
Taj al-Din al-Hasani.jpg Taj al-Din al-Hasani
(1885–1943)
14 May 1930 19 November 1931 1 ปี 189 วัน Independent
No image.svg Léon Solomiac
(1873–1960)
19 November 1931 11 June 1932 0 ปี 205 วัน Independent
3 Muhammad Ali al-Abid.jpg Muhammad Ali al-Abed
(1867–1939)
11 June 1932 21 December 1936 4 ปี 193 วัน Independent
4 Hashim Al Atassi.jpg Hashim al-Atassi
(1875–1960)
21 December 1936 7 July 1939 2 ปี 198 วัน National Bloc style="background-color:แม่แบบ:National Bloc (Syria)/meta/color; color:white;" |
5 Bahij al-Khatib.jpg Bahij al-Khatib
(1895–1981)
10 July 1939 4 April 1941 1 ปี 268 วัน Independent
Khalid al-Azm.jpg Khalid al-Azm
(1903–1965)
4 April 1941 16 September 1941 0 ปี 165 วัน Independent
6 Taj al-Din al-Hasani.jpg Taj al-Din al-Hasani
(1885–1943)
16 September 1941 17 January 1943 1 ปี 123 วัน Independent Hasani died in office.[2]
Jamil al-Ulshi.jpg Jamil al-Ulshi
(1883–1951)
17 January 1943 25 March 1943 0 ปี 67 วัน Independent
7 Ata al-Ayyubi.jpg Ata al-Ayyubi
(1877–1951)
25 March 1943 17 August 1943 0 ปี 145 วัน Independent
8 Portrait of Shukri al-Quwatli in 1943.jpeg Shukri al-Quwatli
(1891–1967)
17 August 1943 24 October 1945 2 ปี 68 วัน National Bloc style="background-color:แม่แบบ:National Bloc (Syria)/meta/color; color:white;" |

Syrian Republic (1945–1958)[แก้]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of office Political party Note(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
8 Portrait of Shukri al-Quwatli in 1943.jpeg Shukri al-Quwatli
(1891–1967)
24 October 1945 29 March 1949 3 ปี 156 วัน National Bloc /
National Party
style="background-color:แม่แบบ:National Bloc (Syria)/meta/color; color:white;" | Quwatli was ousted from power on 29 March 1949 by Husni al-Za'im, his Chief of Staff.[3]
9 Husni al-Zaiim.jpg Husni al-Za'im
(1897–1949)
1949 30 March 1949 14 August 1949 0 ปี 137 วัน Syrian Social Nationalist Party style="background-color:แม่แบบ:Syrian Social Nationalist Party/meta/color; color:white;" | Za'im was overthrown by a military coup in 1949 led by Adib Shishakli, he was later executed on the orders of the new government.[4]
10 Sami al-Hinnawi.jpg Sami al-Hinnawi
(1898–1950)
14 August 1949 15 August 1949 0 ปี 1 วัน Military style="background:แม่แบบ:Military rule/meta/color; color:white;" |
4 Hashim Al Atassi.jpg Hashim al-Atassi
(1875–1960)
15 August 1949 2 December 1951 2 ปี 109 วัน National Party style="background-color:แม่แบบ:National Party (Syria)/meta/color; color:white;" |
Adib al-Shishakli.jpg Adib Shishakli
(1909–1964)
2 December 1951 3 December 1951 0 ปี 1 วัน Syrian Social Nationalist Party style="background-color:แม่แบบ:Syrian Social Nationalist Party/meta/color; color:white;" |
11 Fawzi Selu.jpg Fawzi Selu
(1905–1972)
3 December 1951 11 July 1953 1 ปี 220 วัน Military style="background:แม่แบบ:Military rule/meta/color; color:white;" |
12 Adib al-Shishakli.jpg Adib Shishakli
(1909–1964)
1953 11 July 1953 25 February 1954 0 ปี 229 วัน Arab Liberation Movement style="background-color:แม่แบบ:Arab Liberation Movement/meta/color; color:white;" | Shishakli resigned from office because of threats of a coup in 1954.[5] He fled the country, claiming that he did not want the country to fall into a civil war.[5]
Maamoun Kuzbari.jpg Maamun al-Kuzbari
(1914–1998)
25 February 1954 28 February 1954 0 ปี 3 วัน Independent
4 Hashim Al Atassi.jpg Hashim al-Atassi
(1875–1960)
28 February 1954 6 September 1955 1 ปี 190 วัน National Party style="background-color:แม่แบบ:National Party (Syria)/meta/color; color:white;" |
8 Portrait of Shukri al-Quwatli in 1943.jpeg Shukri al-Quwatli
(1891–1967)
6 September 1955 22 February 1958 2 ปี 169 วัน National Party style="background-color:แม่แบบ:National Party (Syria)/meta/color; color:white;" |

United Arab Republic (1958–1961)[แก้]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of office Political party Note(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
13 Nasser portrait2.jpg Gamal Abdel Nasser
(1918–1970)
1958 22 February 1958 29 September 1961 3 ปี 219 วัน National Union style="background:แม่แบบ:National Union (United Arab Republic)/meta/color; color:white;" |

Syrian Arab Republic (1961–present)[แก้]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of office Political party Note(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
Maamoun Kuzbari.jpg Maamun al-Kuzbari
(1914–1998)
29 September 1961 20 November 1961 0 ปี 52 วัน Independent Kuzbari took office following the 1961 coup d'état, which dissolved the United Arab Republic.
Sy izzat al-nuss.png Izzat al-Nuss
(1912–1976)[6]
20 November 1961 14 December 1961 0 ปี 24 วัน Military style="background:แม่แบบ:Military rule/meta/color; color:white;" |
14 Nazim al-Kudsi.jpg Nazim al-Kudsi
(1906–1998)
14 December 1961 8 March 1963 1 ปี 84 วัน People's Party style="background-color:แม่แบบ:People's Party (Syria)/meta/color; color:white;" | The 1963 coup d'état, an event known as the 8th of March Revolution, toppled Nazim al-Kudsi and brought the National Council for the Revolutionary Command (NCRC) to government, although real power lay with the Ba'athist Military Committee, which organized the coup.[7]
15 Luai al-Atassi.jpg Lu'ay al-Atassi
(1926–2003)
9 March 1963 27 July 1963 0 ปี 352 วัน Independent Lu'ay al-Atassi was appointed president by the NCRC because he posed no threat to the Military Committee's power.[8] He resigned after high-ranking non-Ba'athist officers were purged.[9]
16 Amin al-Hafez 1965.jpg Amin al-Hafiz
(1921–2009)
27 July 1963 23 February 1966 2 ปี 211 วัน Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
style="background-color:แม่แบบ:Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Syria Region/meta/color; color:white;" | Amin al-Hafiz was overthrown by the Military Committee because of his support for Michel Aflaq and the National Command of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party.[10]
17 Nureddin Atassi.jpg Nureddin al-Atassi
(1929–1992)
25 February 1966 18 November 1970 4 ปี 266 วัน Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
style="background-color:แม่แบบ:Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Syria Region/meta/color; color:white;" | Nureddin al-Atassi was overthrown when a falling out occurred between Salah Jadid, the real ruler of Syria from 1966 to 1970, and Hafez al-Assad, the Minister of Defense.[11] Assad initiated a coup in 1970, known as the Corrective Movement.[12]
Ahmad al-Khatib, the interim head of state who ruled Syria for four months from November 1970 to March 1971.png Ahmad al-Khatib
(1933–1982)
18 November 1970 22 February 1971 0 ปี 96 วัน Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
style="background-color:แม่แบบ:Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Syria Region/meta/color; color:white;" |
18 Hafez al-Assad official portrait.jpg Hafez al-Assad
(1930–2000)
1971
1978
1985
1991
1999
22 February 1971 10 June 2000 29 ปี 109 วัน Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
style="background-color:แม่แบบ:Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Syria Region/meta/color; color:white;" | Assad died in office.[13]
Abdul Halim Khaddam in 1974.jpg Abdul Halim Khaddam
(1932–2020)
10 June 2000 17 July 2000 0 ปี 37 วัน Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
style="background-color:แม่แบบ:Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Syria Region/meta/color; color:white;" |
19 Bashar al-Assad (cropped).jpg Bashar al-Assad
(1965–)
2000
2007
2014
17 July 2000 Incumbent 21 ปี 143 วัน Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
style="background-color:แม่แบบ:Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Syria Region/meta/color; color:white;" |

ดูเพิ่ม[แก้]

อ้างอิง[แก้]

General
  1. Arrêtés Nos. 1, 2 & 3, Bulletin hebdomadaire des actes administratifs du Haut-Commissariat (8 October 1922), p. 268; [1].
  2. Moubayed 2006, p. 345.
  3. Moubayed 2006, p. 311.
  4. Moubayed 2006, p. 610.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Moubayed 2006, p. 339.
  6. "Who's who in the Arab World". 1974.
  7. Moubayed 2006, p. 133.
  8. Moubayed 2006, p. 175.
  9. Rabinovich 1972, p. 72.
  10. Seale 1990, pp. 99–101.
  11. Seale 1990, pp. 142–144.
  12. Seale 1990, pp. 162–163.
  13. Moubayed 2006, pp. 154–155.
Bibliography