มอดูล:Coordinates

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--[[
This module is intended to replace the functionality of {{Coord}} and related
templates.  It provides several methods, including

{{#invoke:Coordinates | coord }} : General function formatting and displaying
coordinate values.

{{#invoke:Coordinates | dec2dms }} : Simple function for converting decimal
degree values to DMS format.

{{#invoke:Coordinates | dms2dec }} : Simple function for converting DMS format
to decimal degree format.

{{#invoke:Coordinates | link }} : Export the link used to reach the tools

]]

require('มอดูล:No globals')

local math_mod = require("มอดูล:Math")
local coordinates = {};

local current_page = mw.title.getCurrentTitle()
local page_name = mw.uri.encode( current_page.prefixedText, 'WIKI' );
local coord_link = '//tools.wmflabs.org/geohack/geohack.php?pagename=' .. page_name .. '&params='

--[[ Helper function, replacement for {{coord/display/title}} ]]
local function displaytitle(s, notes)
    local l = "[[พิกัดภูมิศาสตร์]]: " .. s
    local co = '<span id="coordinates">' .. l .. notes .. '</span>';
    return '<span style="font-size: small;">' .. co .. '</span>';
end

--[[ Helper function, Replacement for {{coord/display/inline}} ]]
local function displayinline(s, notes)
    return s .. notes   
end

--[[ Helper function, used in detecting DMS formatting ]]
local function dmsTest(first, second)
    if type(first) ~= 'string' or type(second) ~= 'string' then
        return nil
    end
    local s = (first .. second):upper()
    return s:find('^[NS][EW]$') or s:find('^[EW][NS]$')
end


--[[ Wrapper function to grab args, see Module:Arguments for this function's documentation. ]]
local function makeInvokeFunc(funcName)
    return function (frame)
        local args = require('มอดูล:Arguments').getArgs(frame, {
            wrappers = 'แม่แบบ:Coord'
        })
        return coordinates[funcName](args, frame)
    end
end

--[[ Helper function, handle optional args. ]]
local function optionalArg(arg, supplement)
    return arg and arg .. supplement or ''
end

--[[
Formats any error messages generated for display
]]
local function errorPrinter(errors)
    local result = ""
    for i,v in ipairs(errors) do
        local errorHTML = '<strong class="error">Coordinates: ' .. v[2] .. '</strong>'
        result = result .. errorHTML .. "<br />"
    end
    return result
end

--[[
Determine the required CSS class to display coordinates

Usually geo-nondefault is hidden by CSS, unless a user has overridden this for himself
default is the mode as specificied by the user when calling the {{coord}} template
mode is the display mode (dec or dms) that we will need to determine the css class for
]]
local function displayDefault(default, mode)
    if default == "" then
        default = "dec"
    end
   
    if default == mode then
        return "geo-default"
    else
        return "geo-nondefault"
    end
end

--[[
specPrinter

Output formatter.  Takes the structure generated by either parseDec
or parseDMS and formats it for inclusion on Wikipedia.
]]
local function specPrinter(args, coordinateSpec)
    local uriComponents = coordinateSpec["param"]
    if uriComponents == "" then
        -- RETURN error, should never be empty or nil
        return "ERROR param was empty"
    end
    if args["name"] then
        uriComponents = uriComponents .. "&title=" .. mw.uri.encode(coordinateSpec["name"])
    end
   
    local geodmshtml = '<span class="geo-dms" title="แผนที่ ภาพถ่ายทางอากาศ และข้อมูลอื่นเกี่ยวกับสถานที่นี้">'
             .. '<span class="latitude">' .. coordinateSpec["dms-lat"] .. '</span> '
             .. '<span class="longitude">' ..coordinateSpec["dms-long"] .. '</span>'
             .. '</span>'

    local lat = tonumber( coordinateSpec["dec-lat"] ) or 0
    local geodeclat
    if lat < 0 then
        -- FIXME this breaks the pre-existing precision
        geodeclat = tostring(coordinateSpec["dec-lat"]):sub(2) .. "°S"
    else
        geodeclat = (coordinateSpec["dec-lat"] or 0) .. "°N"
    end

    local long = tonumber( coordinateSpec["dec-long"] ) or 0
    local geodeclong
    if long < 0 then
        -- FIXME does not handle unicode minus
        geodeclong = tostring(coordinateSpec["dec-long"]):sub(2) .. "°W"
    else
        geodeclong = (coordinateSpec["dec-long"] or 0) .. "°E"
    end
   
    local geodechtml = '<span class="geo-dec" title="แผนที่ ภาพถ่ายทางอากาศ และข้อมูลอื่นเกี่ยวกับสถานที่นี้">'
             .. geodeclat .. ' '
             .. geodeclong
             .. '</span>'

    local geonumhtml = '<span class="geo">'
             .. coordinateSpec["dec-lat"] .. '; '
             .. coordinateSpec["dec-long"]
             .. '</span>'

    local inner = '<span class="' .. displayDefault(coordinateSpec["default"], "dms" ) .. '">' .. geodmshtml .. '</span>'
                .. '<span class="geo-multi-punct">&#xfeff; / &#xfeff;</span>'
                .. '<span class="' .. displayDefault(coordinateSpec["default"], "dec" ) .. '">';

    if not args["name"] then
        inner = inner .. geodechtml
                .. '<span style="display:none">&#xfeff; / ' .. geonumhtml .. '</span></span>'
    else
        inner = inner .. '<span class="vcard">' .. geodechtml
                .. '<span style="display:none">&#xfeff; / ' .. geonumhtml .. '</span>'
                .. '<span style="display:none">&#xfeff; (<span class="fn org">'
                .. args["name"] .. '</span>)</span></span></span>'
    end

    return '<span class="plainlinks nourlexpansion">' ..
        '[' .. coord_link .. uriComponents .. ' ' .. inner .. ']' .. '</span>'
end

--[[ Helper function, convert decimal to degrees ]]
local function convert_dec2dms_d(coordinate)
    local d = math_mod._round( coordinate, 0 ) .. "°"
    return d .. ""
end

--[[ Helper function, convert decimal to degrees and minutes ]]
local function convert_dec2dms_dm(coordinate)   
    coordinate = math_mod._round( coordinate * 60, 0 );
    local m = coordinate % 60;
    coordinate = math.floor( (coordinate - m) / 60 );
    local d = coordinate % 360 .."°"
   
    return d .. string.format( "%02d′", m )
end

--[[ Helper function, convert decimal to degrees, minutes, and seconds ]]
local function convert_dec2dms_dms(coordinate)
    coordinate = math_mod._round( coordinate * 60 * 60, 0 );
    local s = coordinate % 60
    coordinate = math.floor( (coordinate - s) / 60 );
    local m = coordinate % 60
    coordinate = math.floor( (coordinate - m) / 60 );
    local d = coordinate % 360 .."°"

    return d .. string.format( "%02d′", m ) .. string.format( "%02d″", s )
end

--[[
Helper function, convert decimal latitude or longitude to
degrees, minutes, and seconds format based on the specified precision. 
]]
local function convert_dec2dms(coordinate, firstPostfix, secondPostfix, precision)
    local coord = tonumber(coordinate)
    local postfix
    if coord >= 0 then
        postfix = firstPostfix
    else
        postfix = secondPostfix
    end

    precision = precision:lower();
    if precision == "dms" then
        return convert_dec2dms_dms( math.abs( coord ) ) .. postfix;
    elseif precision == "dm" then
        return convert_dec2dms_dm( math.abs( coord ) ) .. postfix;
    elseif precision == "d" then
        return convert_dec2dms_d( math.abs( coord ) ) .. postfix;
    end
end

--[[
Convert DMS format into a N or E decimal coordinate
]]
local function convert_dms2dec(direction, degrees_str, minutes_str, seconds_str)
    local degrees = tonumber(degrees_str)
    local minutes = tonumber(minutes_str) or 0
    local seconds = tonumber(seconds_str) or 0
   
    local factor = 1
    if direction == "S" or direction == "W" then
        factor = -1
    end
   
    local precision = 0
    if seconds_str then
        precision = 5 + math.max( math_mod._precision(seconds_str), 0 );
    elseif minutes_str and minutes_str ~= '' then
        precision = 3 + math.max( math_mod._precision(minutes_str), 0 );
    else
        precision = math.max( math_mod._precision(degrees_str), 0 );
    end
   
    local decimal = factor * (degrees+(minutes+seconds/60)/60)
    return string.format( "%." .. precision .. "f", decimal ) -- not tonumber since this whole thing is string based.
end

--[[
Checks input values to for out of range errors.
]]
local function validate( lat_d, lat_m, lat_s, long_d, long_m, long_s, source, strong )
    local errors = {};
    lat_d = tonumber( lat_d ) or 0;
    lat_m = tonumber( lat_m ) or 0;
    lat_s = tonumber( lat_s ) or 0;
    long_d = tonumber( long_d ) or 0;
    long_m = tonumber( long_m ) or 0;
    long_s = tonumber( long_s ) or 0;

    if strong then
        if lat_d < 0 then
            table.insert(errors, {source, "latitude degrees < 0 with hemisphere flag"})
        end
        if long_d < 0 then
            table.insert(errors, {source, "longitude degrees < 0 with hemisphere flag"})
        end
        --[[
        #coordinates is inconsistent about whether this is an error.  If globe: is
        specified, it won't error on this condition, but otherwise it will.
       
        For not simply disable this check.
       
        if long_d > 180 then
            table.insert(errors, {source, "longitude degrees > 180 with hemisphere flag"})
        end
        ]]
    end   
       
    if lat_d > 90 then
        table.insert(errors, {source, "latitude degrees > 90"})
    end
    if lat_d < -90 then
        table.insert(errors, {source, "latitude degrees < -90"})
    end
    if lat_m >= 60 then
        table.insert(errors, {source, "latitude minutes >= 60"})
    end
    if lat_m < 0 then
        table.insert(errors, {source, "latitude minutes < 0"})
    end
    if lat_s >= 60 then
        table.insert(errors, {source, "latitude seconds >= 60"})
    end
    if lat_s < 0 then
        table.insert(errors, {source, "latitude seconds < 0"})
    end
    if long_d >= 360 then
        table.insert(errors, {source, "longitude degrees >= 360"})
    end
    if long_d <= -360 then
        table.insert(errors, {source, "longitude degrees <= -360"})
    end
    if long_m >= 60 then
        table.insert(errors, {source, "longitude minutes >= 60"})
    end
    if long_m < 0 then
        table.insert(errors, {source, "longitude minutes < 0"})
    end
    if long_s >= 60 then
        table.insert(errors, {source, "longitude seconds >= 60"})
    end
    if long_s < 0 then
        table.insert(errors, {source, "longitude seconds < 0"})
    end
   
    return errors;
end

--[[
parseDec

Transforms decimal format latitude and longitude into the
structure to be used in displaying coordinates
]]
local function parseDec( lat, long, format )
    local coordinateSpec = {}
    local errors = {}
   
    if not long then
        return nil, {{"parseDec", "Missing longitude"}}
    elseif not tonumber(long) then
        return nil, {{"parseDec", "Longitude could not be parsed as a number: " .. long}}
    end
   
    errors = validate( lat, nil, nil, long, nil, nil, 'parseDec', false );   
    coordinateSpec["dec-lat"]  = lat;
    coordinateSpec["dec-long"] = long;

    local mode = coordinates.determineMode( lat, long );
    coordinateSpec["dms-lat"]  = convert_dec2dms( lat, "N", "S", mode)  -- {{coord/dec2dms|{{{1}}}|N|S|{{coord/prec dec|{{{1}}}|{{{2}}}}}}}
    coordinateSpec["dms-long"] = convert_dec2dms( long, "E", "W", mode)  -- {{coord/dec2dms|{{{2}}}|E|W|{{coord/prec dec|{{{1}}}|{{{2}}}}}}}   
   
    if format then
        coordinateSpec.default = format
    else
        coordinateSpec.default = "dec"
    end

    return coordinateSpec, errors
end

--[[
parseDMS

Transforms degrees, minutes, seconds format latitude and longitude
into the a structure to be used in displaying coordinates
]]
local function parseDMS( lat_d, lat_m, lat_s, lat_f, long_d, long_m, long_s, long_f, format )
    local coordinateSpec, errors, backward = {}, {}
   
    lat_f = lat_f:upper();
    long_f = long_f:upper();
   
    -- Check if specified backward
    if lat_f == 'E' or lat_f == 'W' then
        lat_d, long_d, lat_m, long_m, lat_s, long_s, lat_f, long_f, backward = long_d, lat_d, long_m, lat_m, long_s, lat_s, long_f, lat_f, true;
    end   
   
    errors = validate( lat_d, lat_m, lat_s, long_d, long_m, long_s, 'parseDMS', true );
    if not long_d then
        return nil, {{"parseDMS", "Missing longitude" }}
    elseif not tonumber(long_d) then
        return nil, {{"parseDMS", "Longitude could not be parsed as a number:" .. long_d }}
    end
   
    if not lat_m and not lat_s and not long_m and not long_s and #errors == 0 then
        if math_mod._precision( lat_d ) > 0 or math_mod._precision( long_d ) > 0 then
            if lat_f:upper() == 'S' then
                lat_d = '-' .. lat_d;
            end
            if long_f:upper() == 'W' then
                long_d = '-' .. long_d;
            end     
           
            return parseDec( lat_d, long_d, format );
        end       
    end  
   
    coordinateSpec["dms-lat"]  = lat_d.."°"..optionalArg(lat_m,"′") .. optionalArg(lat_s,"″") .. lat_f
    coordinateSpec["dms-long"] = long_d.."°"..optionalArg(long_m,"′") .. optionalArg(long_s,"″") .. long_f
    coordinateSpec["dec-lat"]  = convert_dms2dec(lat_f, lat_d, lat_m, lat_s) -- {{coord/dms2dec|{{{4}}}|{{{1}}}|0{{{2}}}|0{{{3}}}}}
    coordinateSpec["dec-long"] = convert_dms2dec(long_f, long_d, long_m, long_s) -- {{coord/dms2dec|{{{8}}}|{{{5}}}|0{{{6}}}|0{{{7}}}}}

    if format then
        coordinateSpec.default = format
    else
        coordinateSpec.default = "dms"
    end  

    return coordinateSpec, errors, backward
end

--[[
Check the input arguments for coord to determine the kind of data being provided
and then make the necessary processing.
]]
local function formatTest(args)
    local result, errors
    local backward, primary = false, false

    local function getParam(args, lim)
        local ret = {}
        for i = 1, lim do
            ret[i] = args[i] or ''
        end
        return table.concat(ret, '_')
    end
   
    if not args[1] then
        -- no lat logic
        return errorPrinter( {{"formatTest", "Missing latitude"}} )
    elseif not tonumber(args[1]) then
        -- bad lat logic
        return errorPrinter( {{"formatTest", "Unable to parse latitude as a number:" .. args[1]}} )
    elseif not args[4] and not args[5] and not args[6] then
        -- dec logic
        result, errors = parseDec(args[1], args[2], args.format)
        if not result then
            return errorPrinter(errors);
        end
        -- formatting for geohack: geohack expects D_N_D_E notation or D;D notation
        -- wikiminiatlas doesn't support D;D notation
        -- #coordinates parserfunction doesn't support negative decimals with NSWE
        result.param = table.concat({
            math.abs(tonumber(args[1])),
            ((tonumber(args[1]) or 0) < 0) and 'S' or 'N',
            math.abs(tonumber(args[2])),
            ((tonumber(args[2]) or 0) < 0) and 'W' or 'E',
            args[3] or ''}, '_')
    elseif dmsTest(args[4], args[8]) then
        -- dms logic
        result, errors, backward = parseDMS(args[1], args[2], args[3], args[4],
            args[5], args[6], args[7], args[8], args.format)
        if args[10] then
            table.insert(errors, {'formatTest', 'Extra unexpected parameters'})
        end
        if not result then
            return errorPrinter(errors)
        end
        result.param = getParam(args, 9)
    elseif dmsTest(args[3], args[6]) then
        -- dm logic
        result, errors, backward = parseDMS(args[1], args[2], nil, args[3],
            args[4], args[5], nil, args[6], args['format'])
        if args[8] then
            table.insert(errors, {'formatTest', 'Extra unexpected parameters'})
        end
        if not result then
            return errorPrinter(errors)
        end
        result.param = getParam(args, 7)
    elseif dmsTest(args[2], args[4]) then
        -- d logic
        result, errors, backward = parseDMS(args[1], nil, nil, args[2],
            args[3], nil, nil, args[4], args.format)
        if args[6] then
            table.insert(errors, {'formatTest', 'Extra unexpected parameters'})
        end   
        if not result then
            return errorPrinter(errors)
        end
        result.param = getParam(args, 5)
    else
        -- Error
        return errorPrinter({{"formatTest", "Unknown argument format"}})
    end
    result.name = args.name
   
    local extra_param = {'dim', 'globe', 'scale', 'region', 'source', 'type'}
    for _, v in ipairs(extra_param) do
        if args[v] then
            table.insert(errors, {'formatTest', 'Parameter: "' .. v .. '=" should be "' .. v .. ':"' })
        end
    end
   
    local ret = specPrinter(args, result)
    if #errors > 0 then
        ret = ret .. ' ' .. errorPrinter(errors) .. '[[หมวดหมู่:หน้าที่เรียกใช้แม่แบบพิกัดภูมิศาสตร์ไม่ถูกต้อง]]'
    end
    return ret, backward
end

--[[
Generate Wikidata tracking categories.
]]
local function makeWikidataCategories()
    local ret
    if mw.wikibase and current_page.namespace == 0 then
        local entity = mw.wikibase.getEntityObject()
        if entity and entity.claims and entity.claims.P625 and entity.claims.P625[1] then
            local snaktype = entity.claims.P625[1].mainsnak.snaktype
            if snaktype == 'value' then
                -- coordinates exist both here and on Wikidata, and can be compared.
                ret = 'Coordinates on Wikidata'
            elseif snaktype == 'somevalue' then
                ret = 'Coordinates on Wikidata set to unknown value'
            elseif snaktype == 'novalue' then
                ret = 'Coordinates on Wikidata set to no value'
            end
        else
            -- We have to either import the coordinates to Wikidata or remove them here.
            ret = 'Coordinates not on Wikidata'
        end
    end
    if ret then
        return string.format('[[Category:%s]]', ret)
    else
        return ''
    end
end

--[[
link

Simple function to export the coordinates link for other uses.

Usage:
    {{#invoke:Coordinates | link }}
   
]]
function coordinates.link(frame)
    return coord_link;
end

--[[
dec2dms

Wrapper to allow templates to call dec2dms directly.

Usage:
    {{#invoke:Coordinates | dec2dms | decimal_coordinate | positive_suffix |
        negative_suffix | precision }}
   
decimal_coordinate is converted to DMS format.  If positive, the positive_suffix
is appended (typical N or E), if negative, the negative suffix is appended.  The
specified precision is one of 'D', 'DM', or 'DMS' to specify the level of detail
to use.
]]
coordinates.dec2dms = makeInvokeFunc('_dec2dms')
function coordinates._dec2dms(args)
    local coordinate = args[1]
    local firstPostfix = args[2] or ''
    local secondPostfix = args[3] or ''
    local precision = args[4] or ''

    return convert_dec2dms(coordinate, firstPostfix, secondPostfix, precision)
end

--[[
Helper function to determine whether to use D, DM, or DMS
format depending on the precision of the decimal input.
]]
function coordinates.determineMode( value1, value2 )
    local precision = math.max( math_mod._precision( value1 ), math_mod._precision( value2 ) );
    if precision <= 0 then
        return 'd'
    elseif precision <= 2 then
        return 'dm';
    else
        return 'dms';
    end
end       

--[[
dms2dec

Wrapper to allow templates to call dms2dec directly.

Usage:
    {{#invoke:Coordinates | dms2dec | direction_flag | degrees |
        minutes | seconds }}
   
Converts DMS values specified as degrees, minutes, seconds too decimal format.
direction_flag is one of N, S, E, W, and determines whether the output is
positive (i.e. N and E) or negative (i.e. S and W).
]]
coordinates.dms2dec = makeInvokeFunc('_dms2dec')
function coordinates._dms2dec(args)
    local direction = args[1]
    local degrees = args[2]
    local minutes = args[3]
    local seconds = args[4]

    return convert_dms2dec(direction, degrees, minutes, seconds)
end

--[[
coord

Main entry point for Lua function to replace {{coord}}

Usage:
    {{#invoke:Coordinates | coord }}
    {{#invoke:Coordinates | coord | lat | long }}
    {{#invoke:Coordinates | coord | lat | lat_flag | long | long_flag }}
    ...
   
    Refer to {{coord}} documentation page for many additional parameters and
    configuration options.
   
Note: This function provides the visual display elements of {{coord}}.  In
order to load coordinates into the database, the {{#coordinates:}} parser
function must also be called, this is done automatically in the Lua
version of {{coord}}.
]]
coordinates.coord = makeInvokeFunc('_coord')
function coordinates._coord(args)
    if (not args[1] or not tonumber(args[1])) and not args[2] and mw.wikibase.getEntityObject() then
        args[3] = args[1]; args[1] = nil
        local entity = mw.wikibase.getEntityObject()
        if entity
            and entity.claims
            and entity.claims.P625
            and entity.claims.P625[1].mainsnak.snaktype == 'value'
        then
            local precision = entity.claims.P625[1].mainsnak.datavalue.value.precision
            args[1]=entity.claims.P625[1].mainsnak.datavalue.value.latitude
            args[2]=entity.claims.P625[1].mainsnak.datavalue.value.longitude
            if precision then
                precision=-math_mod._round(math.log(precision)/math.log(10),0)
                args[1]=math_mod._round(args[1],precision)
                args[2]=math_mod._round(args[2],precision)
            end
        end
    end
   
    local contents, backward = formatTest(args)
    local Notes = args.notes or ''
    local Display = args.display and args.display:lower() or 'inline'

    local function isInline(s)
        -- Finds whether coordinates are displayed inline.
        return s:find('inline') ~= nil or s == 'i' or s == 'it' or s == 'ti'
    end
    local function isInTitle(s)
        -- Finds whether coordinates are displayed in the title.
        return s:find('title') ~= nil or s == 't' or s == 'it' or s == 'ti'
    end
   
    local function coord_wrapper(in_args)
        -- Calls the parser function {{#coordinates:}}.
        return mw.getCurrentFrame():callParserFunction('#coordinates', in_args) or ''
    end
   
    local text = ''
    if isInline(Display) then
        text = text .. displayinline(contents, Notes)
    end
    if isInTitle(Display) then
        text = text
            .. displaytitle(contents, Notes)
            .. makeWikidataCategories()
    end
    if not args.nosave then
        local page_title, count = mw.title.getCurrentTitle(), 1
        if backward then
            local tmp = {}
            while not string.find((args[count-1] or ''), '[EW]') do tmp[count] = (args[count] or ''); count = count+1 end
            tmp.count = count; count = 2*(count-1)
            while count >= tmp.count do table.insert(tmp, 1, (args[count] or '')); count = count-1 end
            for i, v in ipairs(tmp) do args[i] = v end
        else
            while count <= 9 do args[count] = (args[count] or ''); count = count+1 end
        end
        if isInTitle(Display) and not page_title.isTalkPage and page_title.subpageText ~= 'doc' and page_title.subpageText ~= 'testcases' then args[10] = 'primary' end
        args.notes, args.format, args.display = nil
        text = text .. coord_wrapper(args)
    end
    return text
end

--[[
coord2text

Extracts a single value from a transclusion of {{Coord}}.
IF THE GEOHACK LINK SYNTAX CHANGES THIS FUNCTION MUST BE MODIFIED.

Usage:

    {{#invoke:Coordinates | coord2text | {{Coord}} | parameter }}

Valid values for the second parameter are: lat (signed integer), long (signed integer), type, scale, dim, region, globe, source

]]
function coordinates.coord2text(frame)
    if frame.args[1] == '' or frame.args[2] == '' or not frame.args[2] then return nil end
    frame.args[2] = mw.text.trim(frame.args[2])
    if frame.args[2] == 'lat' or frame.args[2] == 'long' then
        local result, negative = mw.text.split((mw.ustring.match(frame.args[1],'[%.%d]+°[NS] [%.%d]+°[EW]') or ''), ' ')
        if frame.args[2] == 'lat' then
            result, negative = result[1], 'S'
        else
            result, negative = result[2], 'W'
        end
        result = mw.text.split(result, '°')
        if result[2] == negative then result[1] = '-'..result[1] end
        return result[1]
    else
        return mw.ustring.match(frame.args[1], 'params=.-_'..frame.args[2]..':(.-)[ _]')
    end
end

--[[
coordinsert

Injects some text into the Geohack link of a transclusion of {{Coord}} (if that text isn't already in the transclusion). Outputs the modified transclusion of {{Coord}}.
IF THE GEOHACK LINK SYNTAX CHANGES THIS FUNCTION MUST BE MODIFIED.

Usage:

    {{#invoke:Coordinates | coordinsert | {{Coord}} | parameter:value | parameter:value | … }}

Do not make Geohack unhappy by inserting something which isn't mentioned in the {{Coord}} documentation.

]]
function coordinates.coordinsert(frame)
    for i, v in ipairs(frame.args) do
        if i ~= 1 then
            if not mw.ustring.find(frame.args[1], (mw.ustring.match(frame.args[i], '^(.-:)') or '')) then
                frame.args[1] = mw.ustring.gsub(frame.args[1], '(params=.-)_? ', '%1_'..frame.args[i]..' ')
            end
        end
    end
    if frame.args.name then
        if not mw.ustring.find(frame.args[1], '<span class="vcard">') then
            local namestr = frame.args.name
            frame.args[1] = mw.ustring.gsub(frame.args[1],
                '(<span class="geo%-default">)(<span[^<>]*>[^<>]*</span><span[^<>]*>[^<>]*<span[^<>]*>[^<>]*</span></span>)(</span>)',
                '%1<span class="vcard">%2<span style="display:none">&#xfeff; (<span class="fn org">' .. namestr .. '</span>)</span></span>%3')
            frame.args[1] = mw.ustring.gsub(frame.args[1], '(&params=[^&"<>%[%] ]*) ', '%1&title=' .. mw.uri.encode(namestr) .. ' ')
        end
    end
    return frame.args[1]
end

return coordinates