แม่แบบ:Citation

จากวิกิพีเดีย สารานุกรมเสรี
Documentation icon คู่มือการใช้งานแม่แบบ[ดู] [แก้] [ประวัติ] [ล้างแคช]
For the [citation needed] template, see {{citation needed}}.

The Citation template generates a citation for a book, periodical, contribution in a collective work, patent, or a web page. It determines the citation type by examining which parameters are used.

If invoked with the right parameters, this template produces output identical to that of the Cite templates, such as{{Cite book}} and {{Cite web}}. The default behavior sometimes differs from that of the Cite templates; for example, this template by default generates anchors for Harvard references whereas the Cite templates do not (although they can be made to do so), and this template by default uses commas to separate some fields that the Cite templates separate with periods (full stops).

The template should be inserted after punctuation, such as a period or comma.

All parameter names are lowercase.

Simple citation[แก้]

This template gives the most commonly used attributes. You can copy the horizontal form or vertical form below and then add in extra attributes from the full list. Spacing and ordering is irrelevant.

{{Citation |last= |first= |year= |title= |publisher= |publication-place= |page= |url= |accessdate= }}

{{Citation
| last       =
| first      =
| year       =
| title      =
| publisher  =
| publication-place =
| page       =
| url        =
| accessdate =
}}
  • last: The author's surname or last name. Don't use with author.
  • first: The author's first or given name(s).
  • year: Year of authorship or publication. Mandatory for use with links from Template:Harvard citation, unless|date= specifies both month and year.
  • title: Title of the work. Mandatory for web references.
  • publisher: The name of the publisher. Omit terms such as Publishers, Co., Inc., Ltd., etc., but retain the words Books or Press. Not normally included where the publication is a periodical which has its own Wikipedia article (e.g. Newsweek, Billboard).
    • publication-place (or place or location): The city of publication. If more than one town/city is listed on the title page, give the first one or the location of the publisher's head office. Omit when the publication is a periodical whose name specifies the location (e.g. The New York Times, The Times of India)
  • page: For use when one page is cited. Adds "p." before the page number. Do not use with pages.
  • url: A url of an online location where the item can be found. If the url includes double quotes, these must be encoded as "%22".
    • accessdate: Date[n 1] when the url was accessed.

Example[แก้]

{{Citation
| last      = Turner
| first     = Orsamus
| title     = History of the pioneer settlement of
Phelps and Gorham's purchase, and Morris' reserve
| publisher = William Alling
| place     = Rochester, New York
| year      = 1851
| id        = {{OL|7120924W}}
}}
Turner, Orsamus (1851), History of the pioneer settlement of Phelps and Gorham's purchase, and Morris' reserve, Rochester, New York: William Alling, แม่แบบ:OL 

Full citation parameters[แก้]

These can be used for all types of publication except patents. All are optional and indentation is used simply to group related items — these may be mutually exclusive where indicated. Some hyphenated names can also be placed without hyphens.

{{Citation
| author  =
| last    =
| first   =
| author2 =
| last2   =
| first2  =
| author-link  =
| author2-link =
| author-separator =
| author-name-separator =
| author-mask =
| display-authors =
| coauthors =
| editor        =
| editor-last   =
| editor-first  =
| editor2       =
| editor2-last  =
| editor2-first =
| editor-link   =
| editor2-link  =
| others   =
| publication-date =
| date     =
| year     =
| month    =
| origyear =
| title    =
| chapter  =
| chapter-url  =
| contribution =
| contribution-url =
| type    =
| journal =
| periodical =
| newspaper  =
| magazine   =
| work =
| edition =
| series  =
| volume  =
| issue   =
| publisher =
| publication-place =
| place    =
| language =
| page  =
| pages =
| nopp  =
| at   =
| id   =
| isbn =
| issn =
| oclc =
| pmid =
| pmc  =
| bibcode =
| doi =
| doi_inactivedate =
| zbl =
| url =
| accessdate  =
| format      =
| archiveurl  =
| archivedate =
| quote      =
| layurl =
| laysource  =
| laydate    =
| separator  = ,
| postscript =
| ref =
}}

Parameters[แก้]

Syntax[แก้]

แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/syntax

แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/coins

แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/sep comma

Deprecated[แก้]

แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/deprecated

Description[แก้]

Authors[แก้]

แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/author

Editors[แก้]

แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/editor

Title[แก้]

แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/title แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/chapter แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/type แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/language

Date[แก้]

แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/date

Periodical[แก้]

แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/journal

Publisher[แก้]

แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/publisher

Edition, series, volume[แก้]

แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/edition แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/series แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/volume

In-source locations[แก้]

แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/pages

URL[แก้]

แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/url

Anchor[แก้]

แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/ref2

Identifiers[แก้]

แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/id1 แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/id2

Quote[แก้]

แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/quote

Laysummary[แก้]

แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/lay

Display options[แก้]

แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/display

Subscription or registration required[แก้]

แม่แบบ:Citation Style documentation/registration

Examples[แก้]

Books[แก้]

Three authors, a volume, and an edition. Ampersand (&) forced before final author's name.
{{Citation
| last1  = Lincoln
| first1 = A.
| last2  = Washington
| first2 = G.
| last3  = Adams
| first3 = J.
| lastauthoramp = yes
| title     = All the Presidents' Names
| publisher = The Pentagon
| place     = Home Base, New York
| volume  = XII
| edition = 2nd
| year    = 2007
}}
Lincoln, A.; Washington, G. & Adams, J. (2007), All the Presidents' Names XII (2nd ed.), Home Base, New York: The Pentagon 

Web[แก้]

Web page
{{Citation
| url   = http://nrhp.focus.nps.gov/
| title = NPS Focus
| work  = National Register of Historic Places
| publisher  = [[National Park Service]]
| accessdate = November 30, 2010
}}
"NPS Focus", National Register of Historic Places (National Park Service), สืบค้นเมื่อ November 30, 2010 
Archived page
{{Citation
| url = http://liftoff.msfc.nasa.gov/academy/space/atmosphere.html
| title = Earth's Atmosphere
| accessdate = October 25, 2007
| publisher  = [[National Aeronautics and Space Administration]]
| year   = 1995
| author = NASA
| archiveurl = http://web.archive.org/web/20071013232332/http://
liftoff.msfc.nasa.gov/academy/space/atmosphere.html
| archivedate = October 13, 2007
}}
NASA (1995), Earth's Atmosphere, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, archived from the original on October 13, 2007, สืบค้นเมื่อ October 25, 2007 

Journals, newspapers, magazines, or other periodicals[แก้]

Journal article
{{Citation
| last  = Hill
| first = Marvin S.
| title = Joseph Smith and the 1826
Trial: New Evidence and New
Difficulties
| journal = BYU Studies
| volume  = 12
| issue   = 2
| year    = 1976
| pages   = 1–8
| url     = https://byustudies.byu.edu/shop/PDFSRC/12.2Hill.pdf
}}
Hill, Marvin S. (1976), "Joseph Smith and the 1826 Trial: New Evidence and New Difficulties", BYU Studies 12 (2): 1–8 
Journal article with multiple authors and identifier
{{Citation
| last1  = Mandelkern
| first1 = M,
| last2  = Elias
| first2 = J,
| last3  = Eden
| first3 = D,
| last4  = Crothers
| first4 = D
| display-authors = 2
| title   = The dimensions of DNA in solution
| journal = J Mol Biol
| volume  = 152
| issue   = 1
| pages   = 153–61
| year    = 1981
| pmid    = 7338906
| doi     = 10.1016/0022-2836(81)90099-1
}}
Mandelkern, M,; Elias, J, และคณะ (1981), "The dimensions of DNA in solution", J Mol Biol 152 (1): 153–61, doi:10.1016/0022-2836(81)90099-1, PMID 7338906 
Newspaper article
{{Citation
| last  = Smith
| first = Joseph III
| author-link = Joseph Smith III
| title = Last Testimony of Sister Emma
| newspaper = The Saints' Herald
| publication-place = Plano, IL
| volume = 26
| issue  = 19
| date   = October 1, 1879
| year   = 1879
| month  = October
| page   = 289
| url    = http://www.sidneyrigdon.com/dbroadhu/
IL/sain1872.htm#100179
}}
Smith, Joseph III (October 1, 1879), "Last Testimony of Sister Emma", The Saints' Herald (Plano, IL) 26 (19): 289 
Conference paper
{{Citation
| last  = Sullivan
| first = D.B.
| contribution = Time and frequency measurement
 at NIST: The first 100 years
| year  = 2001
| title = 2001 IEEE Int'l Frequency Control Symp.
| publisher = National Institute of Standards and Technology
| url       = http://tf.nist.gov/timefreq/general/pdf/1485.pdf
| format    = PDF
}}
Sullivan, D.B. (2001), "Time and frequency measurement at NIST: The first 100 years" (PDF), 2001 IEEE Int'l Frequency Control Symp., National Institute of Standards and Technology 

Parts of books, including encyclopedia articles[แก้]

Manuscript published in an edited compilation
{{Citation
| last  = Bidamon
| first = Emma Smith
| author-link = Emma Hale Smith
| chapter = Letter to Emma S. Pilgrim
| date = March 27, 1876
| year = 1876
| editor-last  = Vogel
| editor-first = Dan
| title  = Early Mormon Documents
| volume = 1
| publisher = Signature Books
| publication-date = 1996
| isbn = 1–56085–072–8
}}
Bidamon, Emma Smith (March 27, 1876), "Letter to Emma S. Pilgrim", in Vogel, Dan, Early Mormon Documents 1, Signature Books (published 1996), ISBN 1–56085–072–8 Check |isbn= value (help) 
Work with an editor but no author
{{Citation
| editor-last  = Vogel
| editor-first = Dan
| title  = Early Mormon Documents
| volume = 1
| publisher = Signature Books
| publication-date = 1996
| isbn = 1–56085–072–8
}}
Vogel, Dan, ed. (1996), Early Mormon Documents 1, Signature Books, ISBN 1–56085–072–8 Check |isbn= value (help) 
Encyclopedia article by a named author
{{Citation
| last  = Kramer
| first = Martin
| author-link  = Martin Kramer
| contribution = Bernard Lewis
| editor-last  = Boyd
| editor-first = Kelley
| title = Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing
| volume = 1
| pages  = 719–720
| publisher = Fitzroy Dearborn
| place = London
| publication-date = 1999
| contribution-url = http://www.geocities.com/
martinkramerorg/BernardLewis.htm
}}
Kramer, Martin (1999), "Bernard Lewis", in Boyd, Kelley, Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing 1, London: Fitzroy Dearborn, pp. 719–720 
Encyclopedia article with no named author
{{Citation
| contribution = Bernard Lewis
| editor-last = Boyd
| editor-first = Kelley
| title = Encyclopedia of Historians
and Historical Writing
| volume = 1
| pages = 719–720
| publisher = Fitzroy Dearborn
| place = London
| year = 1999
| contribution-url = http://www.geocities.com/
martinkramerorg/BernardLewis.htm
}}
Boyd, Kelley, ed. (1999), "Bernard Lewis", Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing 1, London: Fitzroy Dearborn, pp. 719–720 

Republications, or edited quotations in a periodical article[แก้]

Manuscript edited and published in a journal
{{Citation
| last = Knight
| first = Joseph, Sr.
| year = 1833
| editor-last = Jessee
| editor-first = Dean
| title = Joseph Knight's Recollection
of Early Mormon History
| journal = BYU Studies
| volume = 17
| issue = 1
| publication-date = 1976
| page = 35
| url = https://byustudies.byu.edu/shop/PDFSRC/17.1Jessee.pdf
}}
Knight, Joseph, Sr. (1833), "Joseph Knight's Recollection of Early Mormon History", in Jessee, Dean, BYU Studies (1976) 17 (1): 35 
Manuscript written at one date and place, then published in a periodical at a different date and place with commentary by the editor.
{{Citation
| last = Klingensmith
| first = Philip
| contribution = Affidavit
| year = 1872
| date = September 5, 1872
| place = Lincoln County, Nevada
| title = Mountain Meadows Massacre
| editor-last = Toohy
| editor-first = Dennis J.
| journal = Corinne Daily Reporter
| publication-date = September 24, 1872
| publication-place = Corinne, Utah
| volume = 5
| issue = 252
| page = 1
| contribution-url = http://udn.lib.utah.edu/u?/corinne,5359
}}
Klingensmith, Philip (September 5, 1872), Affidavit, written at Lincoln County, Nevada, in Toohy, Dennis J., "Mountain Meadows Massacre", Corinne Daily Reporter (Corinne, Utah, published September 24, 1872) 5 (252): 1 

Press release[แก้]

Press release with quotation
{{Citation
| url = http://www.apple.com/pr/library/2010/04/05ipad.html
| title = Apple Sells Over 300,000 iPads First Day
| publisher = Apple Inc
| accessdate = April 10, 2010
| quote = in the US as of midnight Saturday, April 3}}
Apple Sells Over 300,000 iPads First Day, Apple Inc, สืบค้นเมื่อ April 10, 2010, "in the US as of midnight Saturday, April 3" 

Citing patents[แก้]

Parameters (all are optional)[แก้]

{{Citation
| inventor-last =
| inventor-first =
| inventorlink =
| inventor2-last =
| inventor2-first =
| inventorlink2 =
| publication-date =
| issue-date =
| title =
| country-code =
| description =
| patent-number =
| ref =
}}
  • inventor-last (or inventor1-last): The inventor's surname or last name.
  • inventor-first (or inventor1-first): The inventor's first or given name(s).
  • inventorlink (or inventorlink1): Title of an existing Wikipedia article about the first inventor.
  • inventor2-last, inventor3-last, inventor4-last: The second, third, and fourth authors' surname or last name, if applicable.
  • inventor2-first, inventor3-first, inventor4-first: The second, third, and fourth inventors' first or given name(s), if applicable.
  • inventorlink2, inventorlink3, inventorlink4: Title of an existing Wikipedia article about the second, third, and fourth inventor, if applicable.
  • publication-date: Date of publication or filing.
  • issue-date (or date): Date patent was issued by patent agency.
  • title: Title of the patent. If the title includes [square brackets], these must be encoded as "[" for "[" and "]" for "]"
  • country-code: Two-letter abbreviation of the country issuing the patent.
  • description: Type of patent; shown between country code and number.
  • patent-number: The number of the patent.
  • ref: Anchor id.

Examples[แก้]

United States patent with multiple inventors
{{Citation
| inventor1-last = Degermark
| inventor1-first = Mikael
| inventor2-last = Brodnik
| inventor2-first = Andrej
| inventor3-last = Carlsson
| inventor3-first = Svante
| inventor4-last = Pink
| inventor4-first = Stephen
| title = Fast routing lookup system
using complete prefix tree, bit vector,
and pointers in a routing table for
determining where to route IP datagrams
| issue-date = 2001
| patent-number = 6266706
| country-code = US}}
Degermark, Mikael; Andrej Brodnik & Svante Carlsson et al., "Fast routing lookup system using complete prefix tree, bit vector, and pointers in a routing table for determining where to route IP datagrams", US 6266706, issued 2001

Anchored citations[แก้]

This template can generate a citation that can be combined with shortened footnotes orparenthetical referencing. It does this by creating an HTML anchor containing an ID. The special parameter |ref=harv generates an ID suitable for Harvard referencingtemplates such as {{harv}} as specified in the next section; this is the default for the {{citation}} template. To disable anchor generation, specify |ref=none – leaving |ref= empty has the same effect but is ambiguous; this is the default for the Cite templates such as {{cite book}} and {{cite news}}. You can also specify the ID directly, using the |ref=ID parameter. For example, suppose an article's References section contains the markup:

  • {{Citation |author=Sigmund Freud |title=Civilization and Its Discontents |year=1930 |ref=CivDis}}

which generates the citation:

  • Sigmund Freud (1930), Civilization and Its Discontents 

Then, the markup "([[#CivDis|Freud 1930]])" generates a parenthetical reference "(Freud 1930)" containing a wikilink to the citation (try clicking on the wikilink).

Anchors for Harvard referencing templates[แก้]

IDs compatible with Harvard referencing templates such as {{harv}} are computed from the last names of the authors and the year of the cited source. For example, the markup "{{harv|Wright|Evans|1851|p=ix}}" generates the Harvard reference "(Wright & Evans 1851, p. ix)", which wikilinks to the citation whose markup and appearance are shown below:

  • {{Citation |last1=Wright |first1=Thomas |last2=Evans |first2=R. H. |title=Historical and Descriptive Account of the Caricatures of James Gillray |location=London |publisher=Henry G. Bohn |year=1851 |oclc=59510372}}
  • Wright, Thomas; Evans, R. H. (1851), Historical and Descriptive Account of the Caricatures of James Gillray, London: Henry G. Bohn, OCLC 59510372 

In this example the {{citation}} template defines, and the {{harv}} template uses, the HTML ID "CITEREFWrightEvans1851", composed by concatenating the string "CITEREF" with the last names of the authors and the year. The {{harvid}} template can be used to generate such IDs, for example, {{harvid|Wright|Evans|1851}} generates "แม่แบบ:Harvid".

Related methods which leave only a number in the text are to use the {{harvnb}} template enclosed in the <ref></ref> html code, or to use the {{sfn}} template alone. The example above would be <ref>{{harvnb|Wright|Evans|1851|p=ix}}</ref> or {{sfn|Wright|Evans|1851|p=ix}}both of which generate a footnote, such as

17. Wright & Evans 1851, p. ix

The names of only the first four authors are used; other author names are not concatenated to the ID. If no author names are given, editor names are used instead. For patents, inventor names are used instead of authors or editors. If these names are not given, this template does not generate an anchor.

Last names are used, as specified by the parameters |last1= (or |last=), |last2=, |last3=, and|last4=, and similarly for |editor1-last= etc. and for |inventor1-last= etc. If a full name is given but no last name is specified, this template falls back on the full name, but this usage is not recommended. For example, in "{{Citation | author = Sigmund Freud | title = The Ego and the Id | year = 1923}}" no last name is given, so this citation cannot be combined with the Harvard reference "{{harv|Freud|1923}}". To make these {{citation}} and {{harv}} invocations compatible, either replace "|author=Sigmund Freud" with "|first=Sigmund |last=Freud", or add "|ref={{harvid|Freud|1923}}" to the {{citation}} invocation, or add the same ref parameter (say, "|ref=EgoId") to both the {{citation}} and the {{harv}} invocations.

Similarly, the year is used, as specified by |year=. If no year is given, this template attempts to derive the year from |date= (or, if no date is given, from |publication-date=) by applying theMediaWiki#time function. This heuristic works with many common date formats (American, International and ISO 8601 standard format YYYY-MM-DD as listed in WP:MOS), but may not work as expected with other formats, so when in doubt it may be safer to use |year=. Note that if only a year, say 2005, is known you must use |year=2005 rather than |date=2005.

IDs must be unique[แก้]

Names, years, and hand-specified IDs must be chosen so that the IDs are unique within a page; otherwise the HTML will not conform to the W3C standards, and any references to the citations will not work reliably. For example, suppose a page contains the following two citations with {{harv}}-compatible IDs:

If these citations were altered to say "2008" rather than "2008a" and "2008b", the resulting page would not work, because the two different citations would both attempt to use the ID "CITEREFMontesHalterman2008". To avoid this problem, distinguish the citations by appending suffixes to the years, e.g., "|year=2008a" and "|year=2008b", as was done above. Any Harvard references to these citations should use years with the same suffixes.

It is good practice to verify that a page does not contain duplicate IDs by using the W3C Markup Validation Service; see External links.

Dates[แก้]

  1. The format of dates in the references of an article should use consistent and unambiguous styles. Example formats used in Wikipedia citations include:
    • 2009
    • 2009-09-14 (ISO 8601 standard format: YYYY-MM-DD)
    • 14 September 2009
    • September 14, 2009 (with comma)
    • September 2009
    Dates should not be linked in references. Please see Wikipedia:Manual of Style (dates and numbers)#Dates for more guidance about formatting dates.

Tools[แก้]

See Wikipedia:Citing sources#Citation templates and tools for a list of tools that can help create a reference in the "citation" format.

Template Data[แก้]

Notice This template data section needs to be edited. It includes deprecated parameters and does not include parameters that were added in the Lua updates. It also includes a mix of patent and non-patent parameters.

This is the TemplateData documentation for the template used by the new VisualEditor.

Citation

The Citation template generates a citation for a book, periodical, contribution in a collective work, patent, or a web page. It determines the citation type by examining which parameters are used.

Template parameters
Parameter Description Type Default Auto value Status
author surname last surname of the author of the cited material string empty empty optional
author given name first given name (first name) of the author of the cited material string empty empty optional
title of source title Title of source; displays in italics. string empty empty optional
date of source date Full date of source being referenced in the same format as other publication dates in the citations.[1] Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after publisher. string empty empty optional
url of source url URL of an online location where the text of the publication can be found. string empty empty optional
1 1 string empty empty optional
2 2 string empty empty optional
3 3 string empty empty optional
inventor-surname inventor-surname string empty empty optional
inventor1-surname inventor1-surname string empty empty optional
inventor-last inventor-last string empty empty optional
inventor1-last inventor1-last string empty empty optional
inventor inventor string empty empty optional
invent1 invent1 string empty empty optional
invent-1 invent-1 string empty empty optional
country-code country-code string empty empty optional
inventor2-surname inventor2-surname string empty empty optional
inventor2-last inventor2-last string empty empty optional
inventor2 inventor2 string empty empty optional
invent2 invent2 string empty empty optional
inventor3-surname inventor3-surname string empty empty optional
inventor3-last inventor3-last string empty empty optional
inventor3 inventor3 string empty empty optional
invent3 invent3 string empty empty optional
inventor4-surname inventor4-surname string empty empty optional
inventor4-last inventor4-last string empty empty optional
inventor4 inventor4 string empty empty optional
invent4 invent4 string empty empty optional
inventor-given inventor-given string empty empty optional
inventor1-given inventor1-given string empty empty optional
inventor-first inventor-first string empty empty optional
inventor1-first inventor1-first string empty empty optional
inventor2-given inventor2-given string empty empty optional
inventor2-first inventor2-first string empty empty optional
inventor3-given inventor3-given string empty empty optional
inventor3-first inventor3-first string empty empty optional
inventor4-given inventor4-given string empty empty optional
inventor4-first inventor4-first string empty empty optional
inventorlink1 inventorlink1 string empty empty optional
inventorlink inventorlink string empty empty optional
inventorlink2 inventorlink2 string empty empty optional
inventorlink3 inventorlink3 string empty empty optional
inventorlink4 inventorlink4 string empty empty optional
country country string empty empty optional
publication-number publication-number string empty empty optional
patent-number patent-number string empty empty optional
number number string empty empty optional
description description string empty empty optional
status status string empty empty optional
publication-date publication-date string empty empty optional
pubdate pubdate string empty empty optional
issue-date issue-date string empty empty optional
gdate gdate string empty empty optional
year year string empty empty optional
fdate fdate string empty empty optional
pridate pridate string empty empty optional
assign1 assign1 string empty empty optional
assign2 assign2 string empty empty optional
ref ref string empty empty optional
separator separator string empty empty optional
seperator seperator string empty empty optional
quote quote string empty empty optional
postscript postscript string empty empty optional
author-separator author-separator string empty empty optional
author-mask author-mask string empty empty optional
authormask authormask string empty empty optional
surname surname string empty empty optional
last1 last1 string empty empty optional
surname1 surname1 string empty empty optional
author1 author1 string empty empty optional
author author string empty empty optional
authors authors string empty empty optional
last2 last2 string empty empty optional
surname2 surname2 string empty empty optional
author2 author2 string empty empty optional
last3 last3 string empty empty optional
surname3 surname3 string empty empty optional
author3 author3 string empty empty optional
last4 last4 string empty empty optional
surname4 surname4 string empty empty optional
author4 author4 string empty empty optional
last5 last5 string empty empty optional
surname5 surname5 string empty empty optional
author5 author5 string empty empty optional
last6 last6 string empty empty optional
surname6 surname6 string empty empty optional
author6 author6 string empty empty optional
last7 last7 string empty empty optional
surname7 surname7 string empty empty optional
author7 author7 string empty empty optional
last8 last8 string empty empty optional
surname8 surname8 string empty empty optional
author8 author8 string empty empty optional
last9 last9 string empty empty optional
surname9 surname9 string empty empty optional
author9 author9 string empty empty optional
first1 first1 string empty empty optional
given1 given1 string empty empty optional
given given string empty empty optional
first2 first2 string empty empty optional
given2 given2 string empty empty optional
first3 first3 string empty empty optional
given3 given3 string empty empty optional
first4 first4 string empty empty optional
given4 given4 string empty empty optional
first5 first5 string empty empty optional
given5 given5 string empty empty optional
first6 first6 string empty empty optional
given6 given6 string empty empty optional
first7 first7 string empty empty optional
given7 given7 string empty empty optional
first8 first8 string empty empty optional
given8 given8 string empty empty optional
first9 first9 string empty empty optional
given9 given9 string empty empty optional
author-link author-link string empty empty optional
author1-link author1-link string empty empty optional
authorlink authorlink string empty empty optional
authorlink1 authorlink1 string empty empty optional
author2-link author2-link string empty empty optional
authorlink2 authorlink2 string empty empty optional
author3-link author3-link string empty empty optional
authorlink3 authorlink3 string empty empty optional
author4-link author4-link string empty empty optional
authorlink4 authorlink4 string empty empty optional
author5-link author5-link string empty empty optional
authorlink5 authorlink5 string empty empty optional
author6-link author6-link string empty empty optional
authorlink6 authorlink6 string empty empty optional
author7-link author7-link string empty empty optional
authorlink7 authorlink7 string empty empty optional
author8-link author8-link string empty empty optional
authorlink8 authorlink8 string empty empty optional
author9-link author9-link string empty empty optional
authorlink9 authorlink9 string empty empty optional
coauthor coauthor string empty empty optional
coauthors coauthors string empty empty optional
origyear origyear string empty empty optional
month month string empty empty optional
trans_chapter trans_chapter string empty empty optional
trans_title trans_title string empty empty optional
type type string empty empty optional
archiveurl archiveurl string empty empty optional
deadurl deadurl string empty empty optional
series series string empty empty optional
version version string empty empty optional
journal journal string empty empty optional
periodical periodical string empty empty optional
newspaper newspaper string empty empty optional
magazine magazine string empty empty optional
work work string empty empty optional
volume volume string empty empty optional
issue issue string empty empty optional
pages pages string empty empty optional
page page string empty empty optional
at at string empty empty optional
nopp nopp string empty empty optional
chapter chapter string empty empty optional
contribution contribution string empty empty optional
chapter-url chapter-url string empty empty optional
chapterurl chapterurl string empty empty optional
contribution-url contribution-url string empty empty optional
others others string empty empty optional
edition edition string empty empty optional
place place string empty empty optional
location location string empty empty optional
publication-place publication-place string empty empty optional
publisher publisher string empty empty optional
editor-last editor-last string empty empty optional
editor-surname editor-surname string empty empty optional
editor1-last editor1-last string empty empty optional
editor1-surname editor1-surname string empty empty optional
editor1 editor1 string empty empty optional
editor editor string empty empty optional
editors editors string empty empty optional
editor2-last editor2-last string empty empty optional
editor2-surname editor2-surname string empty empty optional
editor2 editor2 string empty empty optional
editor3-last editor3-last string empty empty optional
editor3-surname editor3-surname string empty empty optional
editor3 editor3 string empty empty optional
editor4-last editor4-last string empty empty optional
editor4-surname editor4-surname string empty empty optional
editor4 editor4 string empty empty optional
editor-first editor-first string empty empty optional
editor-given editor-given string empty empty optional
editor1-first editor1-first string empty empty optional
editor1-given editor1-given string empty empty optional
editor2-first editor2-first string empty empty optional
editor2-given editor2-given string empty empty optional
editor3-first editor3-first string empty empty optional
editor3-given editor3-given string empty empty optional
editor4-first editor4-first string empty empty optional
editor4-given editor4-given string empty empty optional
editor-link editor-link string empty empty optional
editor1-link editor1-link string empty empty optional
editor2-link editor2-link string empty empty optional
editor3-link editor3-link string empty empty optional
editor4-link editor4-link string empty empty optional
language language string empty empty optional
in in string empty empty optional
format format string empty empty optional
arxiv arxiv string empty empty optional
asin asin string empty empty optional
ASIN ASIN string empty empty optional
asin-tld asin-tld string empty empty optional
bibcode bibcode string empty empty optional
doi doi string empty empty optional
DOI DOI string empty empty optional
doi_inactivedate doi_inactivedate string empty empty optional
doi_brokendate doi_brokendate string empty empty optional
isbn isbn string empty empty optional
ISBN ISBN string empty empty optional
issn issn string empty empty optional
ISSN ISSN string empty empty optional
jfm jfm string empty empty optional
JFM JFM string empty empty optional
jstor jstor string empty empty optional
JSTOR JSTOR string empty empty optional
lccn lccn string empty empty optional
LCCN LCCN string empty empty optional
mr mr string empty empty optional
MR MR string empty empty optional
oclc oclc string empty empty optional
OCLC OCLC string empty empty optional
ol ol string empty empty optional
OL OL string empty empty optional
osti osti string empty empty optional
OSTI OSTI string empty empty optional
pmc pmc string empty empty optional
PMC PMC string empty empty optional
pmid pmid string empty empty optional
PMID PMID string empty empty optional
rfc rfc string empty empty optional
RFC RFC string empty empty optional
ssrn ssrn string empty empty optional
SSRN SSRN string empty empty optional
zbl zbl string empty empty optional
id id string empty empty optional
ID ID string empty empty optional
access-date access-date string empty empty optional
accessdate accessdate string empty empty optional
laysummary laysummary string empty empty optional
laysource laysource string empty empty optional
laydate laydate string empty empty optional
author-name-separator author-name-separator string empty empty optional
lastauthoramp lastauthoramp string empty empty optional
display-authors display-authors string empty empty optional
archivedate archivedate string empty empty optional

This template produces COinS metadata; see COinS in Wikipedia for background information.

แม่แบบ:Wikipedia referencing