แม่แบบ:External media

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If an image, audio or video clip is available online, but cannot be uploaded to Wikipedia, it may be appropriate to use {{external media}} to provide a direct link to the file and a (referenced) description of what it contains.

{{external media}} should be removed as soon as an adequate replacement is available in WP:COMMONS. It is not adequate if the file in Commons is not of sufficient quality or accuracy.

{{external media}} can be used multiple times in an article, and each instance can be used to link to more than one file.

Usage[แก้]

{{ external media

| align  = 
| width  = 
| image1 = 
| image2 = ...
| image3 = ...
| audio1 = ...
| audio2 = ...
| audio3 = ...
| video1 = ...
| video2 = ...
| video3 = ...
}}

Legend[แก้]

align
Valid options are "left", "right" and "center". The template defaults to displaying on the right-hand-side.
width
This should be a complete width measurement including units. Examples: 300px, 22em, 30%. The template defaults to 258px wide.
media links
Each file to be linked should specify its type and have a different number, starting from 1. For example, a template containing four images and one video would label them as image1, image2, image3, image4 and video1. The attribute has a free format, so any amount of detail may be added. The first part of the entry should be formatted as a normal external link, i.e. [http://example.com/image.jpg Image description] for Image description. After that, any additional detail can be given on the same line. See the examples for details.
Note: when adding a link to an external media source like this, it is essential that the source page be linked too, both to satisfy Wikipedia's sourcing criteria for the statement about the presented media and to ensure that the link can quickly be corrected should the source URL be changed. Reference tags can be used for this purpose.

Examples[แก้]

แม่แบบ:External media/sandbox

Just an image, taken from the War against Nabis Featured Article. This example gives full contextual information along with references.

{{ external media
|align=right
| align  = right
| image1 = [http://www.ancientmesopotamia.net/sitebuildercontent/sitebuilderpictures/macedonianphalanx.jpg Fighting style of Greek phalangites with long lances during the Roman-Spartan War] (Note the late Greek hoplite helmets with open visors made of several parts and not from one like in earlier times. The leg protection was often leather to allow for faster movement. This fighting style was not in use during the [[Battle of Marathon]]; at that time the lances were shorter and held with one hand. Longer lances, held with both hands, were adopted with the introduction of lighter hoplites and later [[phalangite]]s. As a result of their long and heavy lance which was handled with both arms they needed a lighter shield than the old hoplites.<ref>''Warfare in the Classical World'',p. 34f (Greek Hoplite (c.480BC)) p. 67 (Iphicrates reforms)</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.ancientmesopotamia.net/id27.html |title=Battle of Marathon |accessdate=2006-12-26 |format= |work=Ancient Mesopotamia}}</ref>
}}

แม่แบบ:External media/sandbox

Image, using descriptive text with accompanying reference:

{{ external media
| align  = right
| width  = 300px
| image1 = [http://fcit.usf.edu/florida/photos/historic/dsmem/dsarmor/dsarmo2/photos/dsarmo232.jpg Metal vambrace with integrated elbow and upper arm protection] (reenactment)<ref>http://fcit.usf.edu/florida/photos/historic/dsmem/dsarmor/dsarmo2/dsarmo232.htm</ref>
}}

แม่แบบ:External media/sandbox

Two images with rich accompanying text, floated left:

{{ external media
| align  = left
| topic  = The Siege of Leningrad
| image1 = [http://www.ido.edu.ru/ffec/hist/images/H_4.jpg Russian map of the operations around Leningrad in 1943]. Blue are the German and allied Finnish troops. The Soviets are red.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.ido.edu.ru/ffec/hist/h8.html |title=ОТЕЧЕСТВЕННАЯ ИСТОРИЯ. Тема 8 |publisher=Ido.edu.ru |date= |accessdate=2008-10-26}}</ref>
| image2 = [http://victory.tass-online.ru/data/Photos/Photo/175.JPEG map of the advance on Leningrad and relief]. Blue are the German and allied Finnish troops. The Soviets are red.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://victory.tass-online.ru/?page=gallery&gcid=9 |title=ИТАР-ТАСС :: 60 ЛЕТ ВЕЛИКОЙ ПОБЕДЕ :: |language={{ru icon}} |publisher=Victory.tass-online.ru |date= |accessdate=2008-10-26}}</ref>
}}

แม่แบบ:External media/sandbox

audio with topic text and accompanying link to the home page:

{{ external media
| topic  = Dog Bark
| audio1 = [http://www.wav-sounds.com/various/bark.wav the sound of a dog barking], from [http://www.wav-sounds.com/various_wav_sounds.htm here]
}}

แม่แบบ:External media/sandbox

Single video, floated left:

{{ external media
| width  = 210px
| align  = left
| video1 = [http://www.arkive.org/scripts/php/force-download.php?file=BEE7098E-088F-4BB4-B6F0-D2E190E5623C/Presentation.Streams/Presentation_QT_DOWNLOAD.mov&saveas=/data/root/Live/www.arkive.org/htdocs/species/peppery-furrow-shell/scrobicularia-plana/video-00.xml&type=mov Movie clip of siphon feeding], QuickTime format<ref>[http://www.arkive.org/species/ARK/invertebrates_marine/Scrobicularia_plana/Scrobicularia_plana_00.html?movietype=qtSmall Peppery furrow shell]</ref>
}}

แม่แบบ:External media/sandbox

Mixed content:

{{ external media
| align  = right
| width  = 300px
| image1 = [http://www.ido.edu.ru/ffec/hist/images/H_4.jpg Russian map of the operations around Leningrad in 1943]. Blue are the German and allied Finnish troops. The Soviets are red.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.ido.edu.ru/ffec/hist/h8.html |title=ОТЕЧЕСТВЕННАЯ ИСТОРИЯ. Тема 8 |publisher=Ido.edu.ru |date= |accessdate=2008-10-26}}</ref>
| audio1 = [http://www.wav-sounds.com/various/bark.wav the sound of a dog barking], from [http://www.wav-sounds.com/various_wav_sounds.htm here]
| video1 = [http://www.arkive.org/scripts/php/force-download.php?file=BEE7098E-088F-4BB4-B6F0-D2E190E5623C/Presentation.Streams/Presentation_QT_DOWNLOAD.mov&saveas=/data/root/Live/www.arkive.org/htdocs/species/peppery-furrow-shell/scrobicularia-plana/video-00.xml&type=mov Movie clip of siphon feeding], QuickTime format<ref>[http://www.arkive.org/species/ARK/invertebrates_marine/Scrobicularia_plana/Scrobicularia_plana_00.html?movietype=qtSmall Peppery furrow shell]</ref>
}}