แม่แบบ:Inflation

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แม่แบบ:Inflation/update warning

This template calculates inflation based on several inflation index data sets. The template uses an identification code for an inflation index (usually a country code), an original value, an original start_year and either a specific reference end_year or by default the latest currently available end year,[1] and calculates the equivalent value from historical economic changes between the original and reference years. For example, this template calls the United States inflation table located in the sub-template Template:Inflation/US/dataset to perform the U.S. calculation.

Aside from a convenient way to calculate values from different specified time periods, this template allows a regularly automatically updated calculation of value based on the most recent available inflation data. Whenever inflation tables are updated, potentially annually, all articles using this template have their displayed values updated accordingly.

Usage[แก้]

{{Inflation|index|value|start_year}}
{{Inflation|index|value|start_year|end_year}}
{{Inflation|index|value|start_year|r=decimals|fmt=c}}
{{Inflation|index|value|start_year|r=decimals|fmt=eq}}
{{Inflation|index|value|start_year|r=decimals|fmt=eq|cursign=X}}

The supported countries are listed below, with their index and available data periods:

index Country start_year minimum end_year maximum
AU Australia[2] แม่แบบ:Inflation/AU/startyear 2018
AU-road Australia [...?][3] แม่แบบ:Inflation/AU-road/startyear 2018
BD Bangladesh[4] แม่แบบ:Inflation/BD/startyear 2014
CA Canada[5] แม่แบบ:Inflation/CA/startyear 2020
DE Germany[6] แม่แบบ:Inflation/DE/startyear 2017
IN India[7] 1953 2019
JP Japan[8] แม่แบบ:Inflation/JP/startyear 2019
PH Philippines[9] แม่แบบ:Inflation/PH/startyear 2019
PK Pakistan[10] แม่แบบ:Inflation/PK/startyear 2019
UK United Kingdom[11] แม่แบบ:Inflation/UK/startyear 2019
UK-GDP United Kingdom GDP deflator[12] 1700 2019
US United States[13] 1634 2020
US-GDP United States GDP deflator[14] 1790 2019
ZAR South Africa[15] แม่แบบ:Inflation/ZAR/startyear 2018
KRW South Korea[16] แม่แบบ:Inflation/KRW/startyear 2017

Parameters[แก้]

  • |index= (parameter 1), required, an index code for one of several available inflation indexes.
  • |value= (parameter 2), required, original price or value from which to base the inflation calculation on. Will ignore any commas, but must not have a currency symbol.
  • |start_year= (parameter 3), required, original year from which to base the inflation calculation on. Must be a year available in the chosen inflation index. As an exception to this, if the current year is specified and no end_year is specified, the template will output value unchanged, as it can be assumed an inflation of zero.
  • |end_year= (parameter 4), optional, reference year for which to calculate inflation. Must be higher (later) than start_year, but not higher than the highest (most recent) year available in the chosen inflation index, and will default to the highest (most recent) available year if omitted.
  • |r=digit sets the digits to which the value must be rounded. A negative value indicates rounding to an upper significant digit, and a positive value indicates a fractional digit including trailing zeros. Defaults to 0, i.e., without cents.
  • |fmt=c will insert thousands separator commas into the calculated value.
  • |fmt=eq will show an equivalent-to phrase, in the format, "equivalent to cursignend_value in end_year". Uses thousands separator commas.
    • |cursign= will set the currency symbol to be shown. Only functions when |fmt=eq is used. Can use advanced symbol formats, but can only precede the calculated value. Default is $.

Examples[แก้]

  • Green tickY {{Inflation|DE|100|2000}}Error when using {{Inflation}}: |index=DE (parameter 1) not a recognized index.
  • Green tickY {{Inflation|US|595|1982}}1596
  • Green tickY {{Inflation|US|595|1982|fmt=eq}}equivalent to $1,596 in 2020
  • Green tickY {{Inflation|US|800|1942|fmt=eq|r=-3}}equivalent to $13,000 in 2020
  • Green tickY {{Inflation|US|100|2010|2012|fmt=eq|r=2}}equivalent to $105.28 in 2012
  • Green tickY US$595 ({{Inflation|US|595|1982|fmt=eq}})US$595 (equivalent to $1,596 in 2020)
  • Green tickY US$595 ({{Inflation|US|595|1982|fmt=eq|cursign=[[United States dollar|US$]]}})US$595 (equivalent to US$1,596 in 2020)
  • Green tickY $21 million (equivalent to ${{Inflation|US|21|2005|r=2}} million in {{Inflation/year|US}})$21 million (equivalent to $27.83 million in 2020)
  • Green tickY {{Inflation|UK|1|1209|fmt=eq|cursign=£}}Error when using {{Inflation}}: |index=UK (parameter 1) not a recognized index.
  • Green tickY {{Inflation|AU|100|2022|fmt=eq}}Error when using {{Inflation}}: |index=AU (parameter 1) not a recognized index.
  • Green tickY ${{Inflation|US|100|2022}} in {{Inflation/year|US}}$100 in 2020

It is possible to use the template in incorrect ways without producing error messages. Please read the warnings and appropriate uses of this template at the beginning of the template description.

  • Red XN {{Inflation|UK|10|1971|fmt=eq}}Error when using {{Inflation}}: |index=UK (parameter 1) not a recognized index. (Omitting the |cursign= parameter will show the $ symbol by default, which is the wrong currency symbol for British currency)
  • Green tickY {{Inflation|UK|10|1971|fmt=eq|cursign=£}}Error when using {{Inflation}}: |index=UK (parameter 1) not a recognized index.
  • Red XN $595 (${{Inflation|US|595|1982|fmt=c}} today)$595 ($1,596 today) (Misleading time reference)
  • Red XN $595 (${{Inflation|US|595|1982|fmt=c}} in {{CURRENTYEAR}})$595 ($1,596 in 2022) (Misleading time reference)
  • Red XN $100 (${{Inflation|US|595|1982|fmt=c}} adjusted for inflation)$100 ($1,596 adjusted for inflation) (Misleading time reference)
  • Green tickY $595 ({{Inflation|US|595|1982|fmt=eq}})$595 (equivalent to $1,596 in 2020)
  • Green tickY $595 (equivalent to ${{Inflation|US|595|1982|fmt=c}} in {{Inflation/year|US}})$595 (equivalent to $1,596 in 2020)
  • Red XN Jane Doe amassed a fortune of $1 billion in 1975, making her worth ${{Inflation|US|1|1975|fmt=c}} billion in {{Inflation/year|US}}.Jane Doe amassed a fortune of $1 billion in 1975, making her worth $5 billion in 2020. (CPI is not for personal wealth of the wealthy – use GDP deflator instead)
  • Red XN Jane Doe amassed a fortune of $1 billion in 1975, equivalent to ${{Inflation|US|1|1975|fmt=c}} billion in {{Inflation/year|US}}.Jane Doe amassed a fortune of $1 billion in 1975, equivalent to $5 billion in 2020. (CPI is not for personal wealth of the wealthy – use GDP deflator instead)
  • Green tickY Jane Doe amassed a fortune of $1 billion in 1975, equivalent to ${{Inflation|US-GDP|1|1975|fmt=c}} billion in {{Inflation/year|US-GDP}}.Jane Doe amassed a fortune of $1 billion in 1975, equivalent to $4 billion in 2019

Entering invalid parameters or omitting required parameters will result in an error message and categorization into Category:Pages with errors in inflation template.

  • Red XN {{Inflation}}Error when using {{Inflation}}: |index= (parameter 1), |value= (parameter 2) and |start_year= (parameter 3) must be specified.
  • Red XN {{Inflation|abc}}Error when using {{Inflation}}: |value= (parameter 2) and |start_year= (parameter 3) must be specified.
  • Red XN {{Inflation|AU}}Error when using {{Inflation}}: |value= (parameter 2) and |start_year= (parameter 3) must be specified.
  • Red XN {{Inflation|AU|100}}Error when using {{Inflation}}: |start_year= (parameter 3) must be specified.
  • Red XN {{Inflation|abc|€100|1980}}Error when using {{Inflation}}: |index=abc (parameter 1) not a recognized index.
  • Red XN {{Inflation|DE|€100|1980}}Error when using {{Inflation}}: |index=DE (parameter 1) not a recognized index.
  • Red XN {{Inflation|DE|€100|zzzz|zzzz|r=zzzz}}Error when using {{Inflation}}: |index=DE (parameter 1) not a recognized index.
  • Red XN {{Inflation|AU|100|1200|2023}}Error when using {{Inflation}}: |index=AU (parameter 1) not a recognized index.
  • Red XN {{Inflation|AU|100|2005|2004}}Error when using {{Inflation}}: |index=AU (parameter 1) not a recognized index. (see the Limitations section below)
  • Red XN {{Inflation|AU|100|2005|2023|fmt=eq}}Error when using {{Inflation}}: |index=AU (parameter 1) not a recognized index.
  • Red XN {{Inflation|AU|100|2022|2023|fmt=eq}}Error when using {{Inflation}}: |index=AU (parameter 1) not a recognized index.
  • Red XN {{Inflation|AU|100|2022|1905|fmt=eq}}Error when using {{Inflation}}: |index=AU (parameter 1) not a recognized index.
  • Red XN {{Inflation|AU|100|2023|fmt=eq}}Error when using {{Inflation}}: |index=AU (parameter 1) not a recognized index.

Tips & tricks[แก้]

Currency conversion[แก้]

This template is currency agnostic, which means it doesn't convert between different currencies. Thus, if you wanted to know how much DM 1,000.00 marks in 1960 are worth nowadays, entering {{Inflation|DE|1000|1960|r=2}} would provide a result (Error when using {{Inflation}}: |index=DE (parameter 1) not a recognized index.) still in marks, not in euros.

Consequently, if you need a result in another currency than the one in which the original value is stated, for now you must do the conversion manually, as in the following example which uses the defined conversion rate of € 1 = DM 1.95583:

  • Green tickY {{#expr:({{Inflation|DE|1000|1960|r=2}} / 1.95583) round 2}}ข้อผิดพลาดนิพจน์: มีตัวดำเนินการ < ซึ่งไม่ควรมี

แม่แบบ:ToDo A currency conversion template to ease these conversion tasks is planned. This section will be updated accordingly once it's developed.

Non-decimal inputs[แก้]

The template does not accept non-decimal inputs such as £sd; these must be decimalized beforehand. For example, if you wanted to know the value of three shillings and sixpence (3s 6d) Sterling in 1950 in 2018, you must convert to the appropriate decimal value (in this case £0.175) for use in the template:

  • Green tickY {{Inflation|GBP|0.175|1950|2018}}Error when using {{Inflation}}: |index=GBP (parameter 1) not a recognized index.

For £sd specifically {{Pounds, shillings, and pence}} can be used to convert to decimal; for other non-decimal currencies, such as the old Indian rupee, templates can be made for decimalization upon request.

Rounding[แก้]

By default the values are calculated to the unit, as for all but very low values cents are undesirable. You can specify rounding with the |r= parameter which determines the number of decimals. To obtain cents use |r=2, but other values can be used, including negative ones: |r=-3, for example, will round to the nearest thousand, |r=-6 to the nearest million, and so on. It is advisable to avoid excessive precision; even if the start value is known to be exact, the template's result will not be because the inflation index tables are rarely accurate to more than about 1%, and a granularity of whole years is used.

Very large results[แก้]

Very large results are expressed in scientific notation ("1.2E+14" instead of "120000000000000") which is normally not desirable. A workaround is to express the value to be inflated with fewer digits, adding a multiplier text such as "trillion" after the result, using the "Show preview" button as many times as needed, changing parameters until the best result is found:

  • Green tickY ${{Inflation|US-GDP|1000000000000|1900|r=-11|fmt=c}}$25,900,000,000,000
  • Red XN ${{Inflation|US-GDP|10000000000000|1900|r=-12|fmt=c}}$259,000,000,000,000
  • Red XN ${{Inflation|US-GDP|10000000000|1900|r=-9|fmt=c}}&nbsp;thousand$259,000,000,000 thousand
  • Green tickY ${{Inflation|US-GDP|10000000|1900|r=-6|fmt=c}}&nbsp;million$259,000,000 million
  • Green tickY ${{Inflation|US-GDP|10000|1900|r=-3|fmt=c}}&nbsp;billion$259,000 billion
  • Green tickY ${{Inflation|US-GDP|10|1900|fmt=c}}&nbsp;trillion$259 trillion

The following section provides an automated way of avoiding this trial and error scenario.

Format price[แก้]

{{Format price}} is a template specifically designed to display price values, both big and small, in a readable way. For example, instead of showing the whole of a huge number such as "953,783,409,856.12", it would show it as "954 พันล้าน", while small numbers have their cents part appearing as expected, "1234.5" being properly shown as "1,235".

  • Green tickY ${{Format price|{{Inflation|US-GDP|10000000000000|1900}}}}$259 ล้านล้าน
  • Green tickY ${{Format price|{{Inflation|US-GDP|1000000|1990}}}}$1.76 ล้าน
  • Green tickY DM {{Format price|{{Inflation|DE|1000000|1957|1978}}}}DM Format price error: cannot parse value "Error when using {{Inflation}}: |index=DE (parameter 1) not a recognized index."
  • Green tickY £{{Format price|{{Inflation|UK-GDP|1000|1323}}}}£Format price error: cannot parse value "Error when using {{Inflation}}: |index=UK (parameter 1) not a recognized index."

Documenting[แก้]

It's a good practice to provide a valid reference for the prices calculated with this template in articles where it's used. The template {{Inflation/fn}} was developed to ease this task. It accepts as its single parameter the same country codes used here, and will generate one or more appropriate footnotes. Typically, this is how a piece of text using it looks like:

  • In 1985 a unit cost on average $1,040. This is {{Inflation|US|1040|1985|fmt=eq}}.{{Inflation/fn|US}}

Resulting in this converted code (notice the footnote link at the end):

  • In 1985 a unit cost on average $1,040. This is equivalent to $2,503 in 2020.[13]

The footnote thus generated appears whenever {{reflist}} or <references /> is used in an article, usually in its "References" section. See below for the live example in this document's own References section, or click the above generated footnote to jump to it.

Limitations[แก้]

  1. Currently it isn't possible to "de-inflate" a value to what it would have been in a previous year. If you need this functionality, please request it at the talk page. Adding it won't be difficult, but there's no point in doing so before someone actually needs it.
  2. Substitution isn't supported at all. Trying to {{subst:Inflation|...}} would only result in a long sequence of embedded parser code without any direct benefit. If you need to obtain an inflated price only once, please use the special ExpandTemplates page then copy the result and paste it at the desired location.

Developer documentation[แก้]

An inflation series represents templates in the following categories:

  • Template:Inflation/index
  • Template:Inflation/index/dataset
  • Template:Inflation/index/startyear
  • Template:Inflation/doc/index (Which is then displayed at Inflation/name/dataset as the documentation, and needs to refer to the original data source)

Modifications need to be made to:

Current subpages: แม่แบบ:List subpages

TemplateData[แก้]

ด้านล่างนี้คือข้อมูลแม่แบบ เอกสารกำกับสำหรับแม่แบบนี้ซึ่งถูกใช้งานโดยเครื่องมือแก้ไขแบบเห็นภาพและเครื่องมืออื่น ๆ

ข้อมูลแม่แบบสำหรับ Inflation (ยังไม่มีการตรวจสอบ)

This template calculates inflation based on several inflation index data sets. Note that this template defaults to calculating the inflation of Consumer Price Index values: staples, workers' rent, small service bills (doctor's costs, train tickets). For inflating capital expenses, government expenses, or the personal wealth and expenditure of the rich, the US-GDP or UK-GDP indexes should be used, which calculate inflation based on the [[gross domestic product]] (GDP) for the [[United States]] and [[United Kingdom]], respectively.

พารามิเตอร์แม่แบบ

This template prefers inline formatting of parameters.

พารามิเตอร์คำอธิบายชนิดสถานะ
Indexindex 1

An index code for one of several available inflation indexes. One of AU, AU-road, BD, CA, DE, IN, JP, PH, PK, UK, UK-GDP, US, US-GDP, ZAR.

ตัวอย่าง
US
สตริงจำเป็น
Valuevalue 2

Original price or value from which to base the inflation calculation on. Will ignore any commas.

ตัวอย่าง
1000
จำนวนจำเป็น
Start yearstart_year 3

Original year from which to base the inflation calculation on. Must be a year available in the chosen inflation index. As an exception to this, if the current year is specified and no 'End year' is specified, the template will output value unchanged, as it can be assumed an inflation of zero.

ตัวอย่าง
1975
จำนวนจำเป็น
End yearend_year 4

Reference year for which to calculate inflation. Must be higher (later) than 'Start year', but not higher than the highest (most recent) year available in the chosen inflation index, and will default to the highest (most recent) available year if omitted.

ตัวอย่าง
2015
จำนวนเลือกได้
Number of digitsr

Sets the digits to which the value must be rounded. A negative value indicates rounding to an upper significant digit, and a positive value indicates a fractional digit including trailing zeros. Defaults to 0.

ค่าปริยาย
0
ตัวอย่าง
1
จำนวนเลือกได้
Formatfmt

"c" will insert thousands separator commas into the calculated value. "eq" will show an equivalent-to phrase, in the format, "equivalent to (cursign)(end_value) in (end_year)". Uses thousands separator commas.

ตัวอย่าง
eq
สตริงเลือกได้
Currency signcursign

Sets the currency symbol to be shown. Only functions when Format "eq" is used. Can use advanced symbol formats, but can only precede the calculated value. Default is $.

ค่าปริยาย
$
ตัวอย่าง
สตริงเลือกได้

See also[แก้]

References[แก้]

  1. How recently depends on how the data set for each country is constructed, and on the internal tables being updated accordingly every January. Some data tables provide inflation data up to December 31, 2021, others up to roughly June-July 2021, and others yet up to December 31, 2020.
  2. 1850-1899: McLean, I.W. (1999), Consumer Prices and Expenditure Patterns in Australia 1850–1914. Australian Economic History Review, 39: 1-28. For later years, Australian Consumer Price Inflation figures follow the Long Term Linked Series provided in Australian Bureau of Statistics (2011) 6461.0 – Consumer Price Index: Concepts, Sources and Methods, 2011 as explained at §§3.10–3.11; this series comprises "from 1901 to 1914, the A Series Retail Price Index; from 1914 to 1946–47, the C Series Retail Price Index; from 1946–47 to 1948–49, a combination of the C Series Index, excluding rent, and the housing group of the CPI; and from 1948–49 onwards, the CPI." (3.10). Retrieved May 4, 2015
  3. Inflated values automatically calculated using the "3101 Road and bridge construction Australia" series provided in Australian Bureau of Statistics (2014) 6427.0 – Producer Price Indexes, Australia, Mar 2014: Table 17 Output of the Construction industries, subdivision and class index numbers. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
  4. Bangladesh – Consumer price index, International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and data files.[ไม่แน่ใจ]
  5. 1688 to 1923: Geloso, Vincent, A Price Index for Canada, 1688 to 1850 (December 6, 2016). Afterwards, Canadian inflation numbers based on Statistics Canada tables 18-10-0005-01 (formerly CANSIM 326-0021) "Consumer Price Index, annual average, not seasonally adjusted". Statistics Canada. สืบค้นเมื่อ April 17, 2021. and table 18-10-0004-13 "Consumer Price Index by product group, monthly, percentage change, not seasonally adjusted, Canada, provinces, Whitehorse, Yellowknife and Iqaluit". Statistics Canada. สืบค้นเมื่อ April 17, 2021.
  6. 1500 to 1850: Ulrich Pfister, 2010. "Consumer prices and wages in Germany, 1500 - 1850," CQE Working Papers 1510, Center for Quantitative Economics (CQE), University of Muenster. 1851-1882: Coos Santing, 2007, Inflation 1800-2000, data from OECD, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Economic Outlook. Historical Statistics and Mitchell, B. R. International Historical Statistics, Africa, Asia and Oceania 1750-1993 London : Macmillan ; New York : Stockton, 1998, International Historical Statistics, Europe 1750-1993 London : Macmillan ; New York : Stockton, 1998, and International Historical Statistics, The Americas 1750-1993 London : Macmillan ; New York : Stockton, 1998. After 1883, German inflation numbers based on data available from Deutsches Statistisches Bundesamt.
  7. 1595 to 1872: Bob Allen, Prices and Wages in India, 1595-1930 1873 to 1919: Williamson J., Real Wages and Relative Factor Prices in the Third World 1820-1940: Asia. 2000, Appendix 2 Nominal Wage, Cost of Living and Real Wage Data for India 1873-1939 and Land Prices for the Punjab 1871-1939, 1920 to 1953: Coos Santing, 2007, Inflation 1800-2000, data from OECD, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Economic Outlook. Historical Statistics and Mitchell, B. R. International Historical Statistics, Africa, Asia and Oceania 1750-1993 London : Macmillan ; New York : Stockton, 1998, International Historical Statistics, Europe 1750-1993 London : Macmillan ; New York : Stockton, 1998, and International Historical Statistics, The Americas 1750-1993 London : Macmillan ; New York : Stockton, 1998, 1954 to 2020: Historic inflation India – CPI inflation, Inflation.eu, สืบค้นเมื่อ 19 March 2020
  8. 1868 to 1938: Williamson J., Nominal Wage, Cost of Living, Real Wage and Land Rent Data for Japan 1831-1938, 1939 to 1945: Bank of Japan Historical Statistics Afterwards, Japanese Historical Consumer Price Index numbers based on data available from the Japanese Statistics Bureau. Japan Historical Consumer Price Index (CPI) – 1970 to 2014 Retrieved 30 July 2014. For between 1946 and 1970, from "昭和戦後史". สืบค้นเมื่อ 2015-01-24.
  9. 1899 to 1938: Williamson J., Real Wages and Relative Factor Prices in the Third World 1820-1940: Asia, Nominal Wage, Cost of Living and Real Wage Data for the Philippines 1899-1940 1949 to 1958: Coos Santing, 2007, Inflation 1800-2000, data from OECD, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Economic Outlook. Historical Statistics and Mitchell, B. R. International Historical Statistics, Africa, Asia and Oceania 1750-1993 London : Macmillan ; New York : Stockton, 1998, International Historical Statistics, Europe 1750-1993 London : Macmillan ; New York : Stockton, 1998, and International Historical Statistics, The Americas 1750-1993 London : Macmillan ; New York : Stockton, 1998. Afterwards, Consumer Price Index,Inflation Rate and Purchasing Power of the Peso (national averages)
  10. "Claims on central government, etc. (% GDP)". World Bank. Data sourced from World Development Indicators. 19 March 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: others (ลิงก์) CS1 maint: url-status (ลิงก์)
  11. UK Retail Price Index inflation figures are based on data from Clark, Gregory (2017). "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)". MeasuringWorth. สืบค้นเมื่อ February 2, 2020.
  12. United Kingdom Gross Domestic Product deflator figures follow the Measuring Worth "consistent series" supplied in Thomas, Ryland; Williamson, Samuel H. (2018). "What Was the U.K. GDP Then?". MeasuringWorth. สืบค้นเมื่อ February 2, 2020.
  13. 13.0 13.1 1634 to 1699: McCusker, J. J. (1992). How Much Is That in Real Money? A Historical Price Index for Use as a Deflator of Money Values in the Economy ofthe United States: Addenda et Corrigenda (PDF). American Antiquarian Society. 1700-1799: McCusker, J. J. (1992). How much is that in real money?: a historical price index for use as a deflator of money values in the economy of the United States (PDF). American Antiquarian Society. 1800–present: Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". สืบค้นเมื่อ January 1, 2020.
  14. Thomas, Ryland; Williamson, Samuel H. (2020). "What Was the U.S. GDP Then?". MeasuringWorth. สืบค้นเมื่อ September 22, 2020. United States Gross Domestic Product deflator figures follow the Measuring Worth series.
  15. South Africa – Consumer price index, International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and data files.[ไม่แน่ใจ]
  16. 1906 to 1911: Williamson J., Nominal Wage, Cost of Living, Real Wage and Land Rent Data for Korea 1906-1939 1912 to 1939: Mizoguchi, T. (1972). CONSUMER PRICES AND REAL WAGES IN TAIWAN AND KOREA UNDER JAPANESE RULE. Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, 13(1), 40-56. Retrieved May 21, 2021. Afterwards, consumer Price index from Statistics Korea. Consumer Price Index by year. Retrieved 3 April 2018

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