รายชื่อสิ่งมีชีวิตจากปกรณัมญี่ปุ่น

จากวิกิพีเดีย สารานุกรมเสรี

ต่อไปนี้ เป็นบัญชีของ โยไก (ปิศาจ), โอะบะเกะ (ภูต), ยูเระอิ (วิญญาณ) และสิ่งมีชีวิตอื่น ๆ ในตำนาน บรรดาซึ่งเป็นที่รู้จักใน คติชาวบ้านญี่ปุ่น, ปกรณัมญี่ปุ่น, วรรณกรรมญี่ปุ่น และ ศิลปะญี่ปุ่น


เนื้อหา: บนสุด - A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A[แก้]

B[แก้]

  • Betobeto-san - an invisible spirit that follows people at night, making the sound of footsteps.
  • Bake-kujira - a angry ghostly whale skeleton that drifts along the coastline.
  • Bakeneko - a shape cat* Bakezōri - a sandal spirit.
  • Baku - an auspicious beast who can devour nightmares.
  • Basan - a large fire-breathing chicken monster.
  • Binbōgami - the spirit of poverty.
  • Biwa-bokuboku - the spirit of a biwa lute.
  • Buruburu - a spirit that causes the shivers.
  • Byakko - the white tiger of the west.

C[แก้]

D[แก้]

  • Daidarabotchi - a angry giant unresponsible for creating many horrible yet cute geographical features in Japan.
  • Daitengu - the most powerful tengu, each of whom lives on a separate mountain.
  • Datsue-ba - an old woman seated in the underworld who steals clothes from the souls of the dead.
  • Dodomeki - the ghost of a pickpocket, her arms are covered in eyes.
  • Doji - a spirit with white wings, accounted in European mythology as being like an angel.
  • Dorotabō - the ghost of an old man whose rice fields were neglected and sold.
  • Dozaemon - a yokai who resembles a kappa.

E[แก้]

F[แก้]

G[แก้]

H[แก้]

I[แก้]

  • Ibaraki-dōji - the oni of the Rashomon gate, Shuten-dōji's accomplice.
  • Ichimoku-nyūdō - a one-eyed kappa from Sado Island.
  • Ikazuchi-no-Kami - a thunder god.
  • Ikiryō - essentially a living ghost, as it is a living person's soul outside of their body.
  • Ikuchi - a sea-serpent that travels over boats in an arc while dripping oil.
  • Inugami - a dog-spirit created, worshipped and employed by a family via sorcery.
  • Ippon-datara - a one-legged spirit of the mountains.
  • Isonade - a fish-like sea monster with a barb-covered tail.
  • Itsumaden - a monstrous bird that appeared over the capital in the Taiheiki.
  • Ittan-momen - a cloth-like monster that attempts to smother people by wrapping itself around their faces.
  • Iwana-bōzu - a char that appeared as a Buddhist monk.

J[แก้]

K[แก้]

  • Kage-onna - the shadow of a woman cast on the paper doors of a haunted house.
  • Kahaku 河伯 - another name for a kappa.
  • Kamaitachi - the slashing sickle-weasel that haunts the mountains.
  • Kamikiri - the hair-cutting spirit.
  • Kameosa - a bottle that never runs dry.
  • Kanbari-nyūdō - a bathroom spirit.
  • Kanedama - the spirit of money.
  • Kappa - a famous water monster with a water-filled head and a love of cucumbers.
  • Karasu-tengu - a tengu with a bird's bill.
  • Kasa-obake - a paper umbrella monster.
  • Kasha - a cat-like demon that descends from the sky and carries away corpses.
  • Kashanbo - kappa who climb into the mountains for the winter.
  • Katawa-guruma - a woman riding on a flaming wheel.
  • Katsura-otoko - a handsome man from the moon.
  • Kawa-akago - an infant monster that lurks near rivers and drowns people.
  • Kawa-uso - a supernatural river otter.
  • Kawa-zaru - a smelly, cowardly kappa-like creature.
  • Keneō - an old man seated in the underworld who weighs the clothes given to him by Datsue-ba.
  • Kerakera-onna - a giant cackling woman who appears in the sky.
  • Kesaran-pasaran - a mysterious white fluffy creature.
  • Keukegen - a creature made of hair.
  • Kibagurui - a nasty creature with sharp teeth, and can pull his entire body together to form a giant floating, fanged mouth.
  • Kijimunaa - a tree sprite from Okinawa.
  • Kijo - a witch or ogress.
  • Kirin - the Qilin of China, part dragon and part hoofed mammal, sometimes called the "Chinese unicorn".
  • Kitsune - a supernatural fox.
  • Kitsune-Tsuki - fox possession.
  • Kiyohime - a woman who transformed into a serpent-demon out of the rage of unrequited love.
  • Kodama - a spirit that lives in a tree.
  • Kokakuchō - the ubume bird.
  • Komainu - the pair of lion-dogs that guard the entrances of temples.
  • Konaki-jijī - an infant spirit that cries until it is picked up, then increases its weight and crushes its victim.
  • Konoha-tengu - a bird-like tengu.
  • Koropokkuru - a little person from Ainu folklore.
  • Kosode-no-te - a short-sleeved kimono with its own hands.
  • Kubikajiri - a ghost that eats heads.
  • Kuchisake-onna - the slit-mouthed woman.
  • Kuda-gitsune - a small fox-like animal used in sorcery.
  • Kudan - a human-faced calf that predicts a calamity and then dies.
  • Kurabokko - the guardian spirit of a warehouse.
  • Kurage-no-hinotama - a jellyfish that floats through the air as a fireball.
  • Kyōkotsu - the ghost of a corpse discarded in a well.
  • Kyūbi-no-kitsune - a fox with nine tails.
  • Kyūketsuki - a Japanese vampire.

L[แก้]

M[แก้]

  • Maikubi - the quarreling heads of three dead miscreants.
  • Makura-gaeshi - the pillow-moving spirit.
  • Mekurabe - the multiplying skulls that menaced Taira no Kiyomori in his courtyard.
  • Miage-nyūdō - a spirit that grows as fast as you can look up at it.
  • Mikoshi-nyūdō - another name for miage-nyūdō.
  • Mizuchi - a dangerous water-dragon.
  • Mokumokuren - a swarm of eyes that appear on a paper sliding door in an old building.
  • Momonjii - an old-man who is waiting for you at every fork in the road.
  • Morinji-no-kama - another name for Bunbuku Chagama, the tanuki teakettle.
  • Mōryō - a long-eared, corpse-eating spirit.
  • Mujina - a shapeshifting badger.
  • Mukujara - a massive, faceless creature covered in hair.
  • Myōbu - a title sometimes given to a fox.

N[แก้]

  • Namahage - ritual disciplinary demon from the Oga Peninsula.
  • Namazu - a giant catfish that causes earthquakes.
  • Nando-baba - an old-woman spirit who hides under the floor in abandoned storerooms.
  • Narikama - a kettle spirit whose ringing sound is a good omen.
  • Nebutori - a spook-disease that causes a woman to grow immensely fat and lethargic.
  • Nekomata - a bakeneko with a split tail.
  • Nekomusume - a cat in the form of a girl.
  • Nikusui - a monster that appears as a young woman and sucks all of the flesh off of its victim's body.
  • Ningyo - a fish person or "mermaid".
  • Nobusuma - a supernatural wall, or a monstrous flying squirrel.
  • Noppera-bō - a faceless ghost.
  • Notari-bō - a very small humanoid yōkai.
  • Nowake-baba - an old crone that can blow strong gusts of wind.
  • Nozuchi - Another name for the tsuchinoko serpent.
  • Nue - a monkey-headed, raccoon dog-bodied, tiger-legged, snake-tailed monster which plagued the emperor with nightmares in the Heike Monogatari.
  • Nukekubi - a vicious human-like monster whose head detaches from its body, often confused with the rokurokubi.
  • Nuppeppo - an animated lump of decaying human flesh.
  • Nure-onna - a female snake-like monster who appears on the shore.
  • Nuribotoke - an animated corpse with blackened flesh and dangling eyeballs.
  • Nurikabe - a ghostly wall that traps a traveler at night.
  • Nurarihyon - a strange character who sneaks into houses on busy evenings.
  • Nyoijizai - a skeletal-looking spirit that does as they please. Able to stretch their arms great lengths.
  • Nyūbachibō - a mortar spirit.

O[แก้]

  • Obariyon - a spook that rides piggyback on a human victim and becomes unbearably heavy.
  • Oboro-guruma - a ghostly oxcart with the face of its driver.
  • Ohaguro-bettari - a female spook lacking all facial features save for a large, black-toothed smile.
  • Oiwa - the ghost of a woman with a distorted face who was murdered by her husband.
  • Ōkami - a wolf-like creature.
  • Ōkamuro - a giant face that appears at the door.
  • Okiku - the plate-counting ghost of a servant girl.
  • Ōkubi - the face of a huge woman which appears in the sky.
  • Okuri-inu - a dog or wolf that follows travelers at night, similar to the Black dog or Barghest of English folklore.
  • Ōmukade - a giant human-eating centipede that lives in the mountains.
  • Oni - the classic Japanese demon, an ogre-like creature which often has horns.
  • Onibaba - the demon hag.
  • Onibi - a spook fire.
  • Onikuma - a monster bear.
  • Onmoraki - a bird-demon created from the spirits of freshly-dead corpses.
  • Onryō - a vengeful ghost.
  • Otoroshi - a hairy creature that perches on the gates to shrines and temples.

P[แก้]

Q[แก้]

R[แก้]

S[แก้]

T[แก้]

  • Taimatsumaru - a tengu surrounded in demon fire.
  • Taka-onna - a female spirit that can stretch itself to peer into the second story of a building.
  • Tamamo-no-Mae - a wicked nine-tailed fox who appeared as a courtesan.
  • Tankororin - an unharvested persimmon which becomes a monster.
  • Tantanbō - a massive stone head with glowing eyes and a mouth full of sharp teeth. His saliva can turn anything into stone.
  • Tanuki - a shapeshifting raccoon dog.
  • Tatami-tataki - a poltergeist that hits the tatami mats at night.
  • Tengu - the infamous bird-man demon of the mountains.
  • Tenjōname - the ceiling-licking spirit.
  • Tennin - a heavenly being.
  • Te-no-me - the ghost of a blind man, with his eyes on his hands.
  • Tesso - the ghost of the priest Raigō, who transformed into a swarm of rats.
  • Tōfu-kozō - a spirit child carrying a block of tofu.
  • Toire no Hanako-san - a ghost who lurks in grade school restroom stalls.
  • Tōtetsu - the Taotie monster of China.
  • Tsurara-onna - an icicle woman.
  • Tsuchigumo - a giant spider that was defeated by Minamoto no Raikō.
  • Tsuchikorobi - a tumbling monster that rolls over travelers.
  • Tsuchinoko - a legendary serpentine monster, now a cryptid resembling a fat snake.
  • Tsukumogami - inanimate objects that come to life after a hundred years.
  • Tsurube-otoshi - a monster that drops out of the tops of trees.

U[แก้]

  • Ubume - the spirit of a woman who died in childbirth.
  • Uma-no-ashi - a horse's leg that dangles from a tree and kicks passersby.
  • Umibōzu - a giant monster appearing on the surface of the sea.
  • Umi-nyōbō - a female sea monster who steals fish.
  • Ungaikyō - a mirror monster that can display assorted wonders in its surface.
  • Ushi-oni - a name given to an assortment of ox-headed monsters.
  • Uwan - a spirit named for the sound it shouts when surprising people.

V[แก้]

W[แก้]

  • Wani - a water monster comparable to an alligator or crocodile. A related word has been applied to the Indo-Pacific or Saltwater crocodile.
  • Wanyūdō - a flaming wheel with a man's head in the center, that sucks out the soul of anyone who sees it.

X[แก้]

Y[แก้]

  • Yagyō-san - a demon who rides through the night on a headless horse.
  • Yakubyō-gami - spirits who bring plagues and other unfortunate events.
  • Yadōkai - monks who have turned to mischief.
  • Yamaarashi - a supernatural porcupine.
  • Yama-biko - a creature that creates echoes.
  • Yama-bito - the wild people who live in the mountains.
  • Yama-chichi - a mountain spirit resembling a monkey.
  • Yama-inu - the fearsome mountain dog.
  • Yama-jijii - a humanoid with a head like a large rock, with one eyeball and a constant smile. Often lives in the trees in the mountains.
  • Yama-otoko - the giant mountain man.
  • Yama-oroshi - a radish-grater spirit, a pun on a word for "mountain storm".
  • Yamata no Orochi - the eight-headed serpent slain by the god Susanoo.
  • Yama-uba - the mountain hag.
  • Yama-waro - a hairy, one-eyed spirit, sometimes considered a kappa who has gone into the mountains for the winter.
  • Yanari - poltergeists that cause strange noises.
  • Yatagarasu - the three-legged crow of Amaterasu.
  • Yato-no-kami - deadly snake-gods which infested a field.
  • Yobuko - Mountain dwelling spirit.
  • Yomotsu-shikome - the hags of the underworld.
  • Yōsei - the Japanese word for "fairy".
  • Yosuzume - a mysterious bird that sings at night, sometimes indicating that the okuri-inu is near.
  • Yukinko - a child-like snow-spirit.
  • Yuki-onna - the snow woman.

Z[แก้]

ดูเพิ่ม[แก้]

แหล่งข้อมูลอื่น[แก้]