แม่แบบ:Sc

จากวิกิพีเดีย สารานุกรมเสรี


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Usage[แก้]

{{sc}}, named after small caps, is a more robust and consistent WYSIWYG extension of {{Smallcaps}}, backward-compatible in syntax and results. It will rewrite your text using typographical SMALL CAPS. This template is especially useful for name/surname disambiguation in lead sections, and to lighten all-caps words or pronounceable acronyms.

Code Adolfo {{sc|B|ioy| C|asares}}
Displayed Adolfo BIOY CASARES
Pasted Adolfo BIOY CASARES

Contrary to {{Smallcaps}}, the text will still show the disambiguated "Adolfo BIOY CASARES" (instead of "Adolfo Bioy Casares") in:

  • A copy-pasted version of the text.
  • A degraded version displayed by a non-CSS browser, or one whose CSS has been disabled, or portable devices such as mobile phones.
  • An excerpt as displayed in the results of search engines such as Google.

This preserves the benefit of small caps where they were judged useful.

Code {{sc|The Lord G|OD| was the L|ORD| in 4004 |BC}}
Displayed The Lord GOD was the LORD in 4004 BC
Pasted The Lord GOD was the LORD in 4004 BC

In this case, the pasted/degraded/excerpted text will retain proper theological caps (instead of the erroneous "The Lord God was the Lord in 4004 bc" that {{Smallcaps}} would give.)

Notes[แก้]

  • An optional parameter, wrap=no will prevent the wrapping of a part of the text:
{{sc|wrap=no|4004 |BC}}
  • The template will handle up to 20 segments, but could very easily be extended to do twice or more. If you accidentally use more than 20 segments, the template will output an error message in a yellow box like this: 1234567891011121314151617181920
    Template:sc error: Too many parameters.
    This will let you know about it instead of having your extra segments be silently ignored.
  • The actual process depends on the alternance of odd and even segments (see also the more visual examples):
    • Odd segments are outputted verbatim, and displayed with a small caps filter, that is: uppercase letters are outputted uppercase and displayed as regular caps, lowercase letters are outputted as lowercase but displayed as small caps. All other characters are unaltered. A copy-paste of this segment (or a degraded visual on an older browser) will thus display the original text provided to the segment, with its original case. This allows both control of where regular caps will go, and of the contents of copy-paste and degradation.
    • Even segments are forced to uppercase for output, and displayed in small caps, that is: whether the source text is uppercase or lowercase doesn't matter here, the output and display will be the same, uppercase letters displayed as small-caps. Note that non-letter signs (especially numbers) shouldn't go in this segment, because they too would be reduced in size.
  • Diacritics (å, ç, é, ğ, ı, ñ, ø, ş, ü, etc.) are handled.
  • There are dedicated templates {{LORD}} and {{GOD}} for the scriptural use. They are equivalent but streamlined. Preferably do not use {{sc}} for this.
  • With a single argument, {{sc|Your Text}} is 100% equivalent to {{Smallcaps|Your Text}}. Thus, {{Smallcaps}} could be redirected to {{sc}} without breaking anything. However, {{Smallcaps}} is not to be redirected to {{sc}}, because there would be no benefit to it, and because the code for {{Smallcaps}} is much shorter to transclude for what it does than the longer code for {{sc}}.
  • Use of this template does not generate any automatic categorization. As with most templates, if the argument contains an = sign, the sign should be replaced with {{=}}, or the whole argument be prefixed with 1=. And for wikilinks, you need to use piping.

Code examples[แก้]

Display (screen)
Output (pasted)
Code
ยังพัฒนาอยู่Y Sinéad O'CONNOR (born 1966)
Sinéad O'CONNOR (born 1966)
Sinéad {{sc|O'C|onnor}} (born 1966)
ยังพัฒนาอยู่Y Leonardo DiCAPRIO (born 1974)
Leonardo DiCAPRIO (born 1974)
Leonardo {{sc|DiC|aprio}} (born 1974)
ยังพัฒนาอยู่Y Adolfo BIOY CASARES is at "B"
Adolfo BIOY CASARES is at "B"
Adolfo {{sc|B|ioy| C|asares}} is at "B"
ยังพัฒนาอยู่Y José ÁLVAREZ de TOLEDO y GONZAGA
José ÁLVAREZ de TOLEDO y GONZAGA
José {{sc|Á|lvarez| de T|oledo| y G|onzaga}}
ยังพัฒนาอยู่Y NESBØ, VÅGEN, LOUŸS, ZÚÑIGA, KABAAĞAÇLI
NESBØ, VÅGEN, LOUŸS, ZÚÑIGA, KABAAĞAÇLI
{{sc|N|esbø|, V|ågen|, L|ouÿs|, Z|úñiga|, K|abaağaçlı}}
ยังพัฒนาอยู่Y THE NAME OF THE 2ND GAME
THE NAME OF THE 2ND GAME
{{sc|T|he| ''N|ame'' of the| 2|<sup>nd</sup>| G|ame}}
When your text shouldn't be wrapped:
ยังพัฒนาอยู่Y From 4004 BC to 525 AD
From 4004 BC to 525 AD
From {{sc|wrap=no|4004 |BC}} to {{sc|wrap=no|525 |AD}}
ยังพัฒนาอยู่Y The shortcut is CTRL + ALT + DEL
The shortcut is CTRL + ALT + DEL
The shortcut is {{sc|wrap=no|C|TRL| + A|LT| + D|EL}}
When your text uses an = sign:
เลิกพัฒนาN YOU AND MEs {{sc|Y|ou and| M|e| = U|s}}
ยังพัฒนาอยู่Y YOU AND ME = US {{sc|Y|ou and| M|e| <nowiki>=</nowiki> U|s}}
ยังพัฒนาอยู่Y YOU AND ME = US {{sc|Y|ou and| M|e| &#61; U|s}}
ยังพัฒนาอยู่Y YOU AND ME = US {{sc|Y|ou and| M|e| {{=}} U|s}}
When your text has a template inside:
เลิกพัฒนาN in FIDDLER'S GREEN forever in {{sc|F|iddler's| {{Green|G}}|{{Green|reen}}}} forever
เลิกพัฒนาN G}}{{GREEN|REEN}} forever in {{sc|F|iddler's| {{Green{{!}}G}}|{{Green{{!}}reen}}}} forever
ยังพัฒนาอยู่Y in FIDDLER'S GREEN forever in {{sc|1=F|2=iddler's|3={{Green| G}}|4={{Green|reen}}}} forever
ยังพัฒนาอยู่Y in FIDDLER'S GREEN forever in {{sc|F|iddler's}} {{Green|1={{sc|G|reen}}}} forever
When your text is inside a template:
เลิกพัฒนาN in FIDDLER'S GREEN forever {{Green|in {{sc|F|iddler's| G|reen}} forever}}
ยังพัฒนาอยู่Y in FIDDLER'S GREEN forever {{Green|1=in {{sc|F|iddler's| G|reen}} forever}}
ยังพัฒนาอยู่Y in FIDDLER'S GREEN forever {{Colors|green|yellow|3=in {{sc|F|iddler's| G|reen}} forever}}
When your text uses a | pipe:
เลิกพัฒนาN AFTER {{sc|B|efore|{{!}}|afteR}}
เลิกพัฒนาN BEFOREafteR {{sc|B|efore|3={{!}}|afteR}}
ยังพัฒนาอยู่Y BEFORE|AFTER {{sc|B|efore|<nowiki>|</nowiki>|afte|R}}
ยังพัฒนาอยู่Y BEFORE|AFTER {{sc|B|efore|&#124;|afte|R}}
When your text uses a link:
เลิกพัฒนาN [[MAO Zedong]] [[{{sc|M|ao}} Zedong]]
ยังพัฒนาอยู่Y MAO Zedong [[Mao Zedong|{{sc|M|ao}} Zedong]]

Note: some of the "wrong" examples would actually work when used outside of a table, but it is preferable to know and use codes that will work everywhere instead.

Comparison of Template:Smallcaps and Template:sc[แก้]

At the root, {{sc}} is an extension of {{Smallcaps}}: {{sc|Your Text}} is exactly equivalent output-wise to {{Smallcaps|Your Text}}). The differences arise when using the segmented syntax of {{sc}}:

{{Smallcaps}} code Display (screen)
Output (pasted)
Display (screen)
Output (pasted)
{{sc}} code
The {{Smallcaps|Lord}} The Lord
The Lord
The LORD
The LORD
The {{sc|L|ord}}
  or:   The {{LORD}}
Danny {{Smallcaps|DeVito}} Danny DeVito
Danny DeVito
Danny DeVITO
Danny DeVITO
Danny {{sc|DeV|ito}}
Thesis - Advantages of {{sc}} over {{Smallcaps}}
  • {{sc}} is WYSIWYG for the copy-pasted text (or degraded text in older browsers, or text snippet in search engines), no more Easter Eggs: output will still give at least "LORD" or "Lord GOD" or "MAO Zedong" or "BC"/"AD" – whereas Smallcaps outputs "Lord" and "Lord God" (theological errors) or "Mao Zedong" (loss of surname disambiguation) or "bc"/"ad" (incorrect).
  • {{sc}} doesn't have the browser-dependent problems with uppercasing diacritics: most of the capitalization is done server-side by the dependable {{uc:}} (and if an error was found, it could be easily fixed in a centralized way by fixing the MediaWiki software).
Antithesis - Advantages of {{Smallcaps}} over {{sc}}
  • {{Smallcaps}} has a simpler call syntax, whereas using {{sc}} beyond a synonym for {{Smallcaps}} requires understanding the segment paradigm, especially on extreme cases:
    • José {{Smallcaps|Álvarez de las Asturias de Bohórquez y Goyeneche}}
    • José {{sc|Á|lvarez| de las A|sturias| de B|ohórquez| y G|oyeneche}}
Synthesis - Possible magic word {{sc:}}

However, the only advantage of {{Smallcaps}} is because it relies on the browser parsing the text letter-by-letter, whereas a template such as {{sc}} can't, and thus need to be told what to do with successive segments.

  • A server-side implementation of a new magic word {{sc:}} (on the model of {{lc:}} and {{uc:}}) would make the syntax easy again such as {{sc:Lord}}, {{sc:God}}, {{sc:Mao}} Zedong, Sinéad {{sc:O'Connor}}, Adolfo {{sc:Bioy Casares}}, or Danny {{sc:DeVito}} (parsing the text based on upper/lower case, as the CSS {{Smallcaps}} does in the browser).
  • Segments would become optional, and available for when additional control is wanted on the copy-paste/degradation output, such as {{sc:D|e|Vito}} (if one wants to output an underlying "DeVITO" instead of "DEVITO", as {{sc:DeVito}} would do).

Reasons to use small caps[แก้]

Small caps are useful for encyclopedical and typographical uses including:

To lighten ALL-CAPS words or pronounceable acronyms
To lighten ALL-CAPS surnames mandated by citation styles such as Harvard
  • Piccadilly has been compared to "a Parisian boulevard" (DICKENS 1879).
  • DICKENS, C., Jr (1879). "Piccadilly" in Dickens's Dictionary of London. London: C. Dickens.[1]
To disambiguate Western names and surnames at a glance
To disambiguate Eastern surnames and given names at a glance

Technical code[แก้]

Technically, any call such as:

x{{sc|L|ord}}x
x{{sc|L|oRd}}x
x{{sc|L|ORD}}x

Will result in the very same code:

x<span style="font-variant:small-caps;">L</span><span style="font-size:80%;">ORD</span>x

That is:

  • <span style="font-variant:small-caps;"> ... </span> in the odd segments
  • <span style="font-size:80%;">{{uc: ... }}</span> in the even segments

The "font-size:80%" displays a capital at the same height than those generated by "font-variant:small-caps". (The "font-variant:small-caps;text-transform:lowercase" has not been used because it doesn't work at least in Internet Explorer 5 and 6, which are still fairly common browsers.)

See also[แก้]

Streamlined equivalent versions for very common cases:

Alternative template that only changes the display (copy-paste will get the small-caps as lowercase):

Templates that change the display (copy-paste will get the original text):

Magic words that rewrite the output (copy-paste will get the text as displayed):

  • {{lc:}} – lower case output of the full text
  • {{uc:}} – upper case output of the full text
  • {{lcfirst:}} – lower case output of the first character only
  • {{ucfirst:}} – upper case output of the first character only