รายพระนามพระมหากษัตริย์เกาหลี

จากวิกิพีเดีย สารานุกรมเสรี
รายพระนามพระมหากษัตริย์เกาหลี
Sunjong of the Korean Empire.jpg
พระเจ้าซุนจง (the last Emperor of Korea)
The Imperial Seal of Korea 03.png
พระราชอิสริยยศ จักรพรรดิ
ปกครอง เกาหลี
ประมุขพระองค์แรก ดันกุน (disputed)
ประมุขพระองค์สุดท้าย พระเจ้าซุนจง (as emperor)
สถาปนา 2333 BC (disputed)
ล่มสลาย 29 สิงหาคม พ.ศ. 2450
    

ระบอบกษัตริย์ของเกาหลีนั้นเริ่มมีมาเมื่อกว่า 2000-2500 ปีก่อน โดยกษัตริย์องค์แรกคือ พระเจ้าดันกุน แห่ง อาณาจักรโชซอนโบราณ และปกครองเรื่อยมาและมีหลายอาณาจักรหลายราชวงศ์ก่อนที่ระบอบกษัตริย์ของเกาหลีจะมาสิ้นสุดลงในปี ค.ศ. 1910 ในรัชสมัย พระเจ้าซุนจง กษัตริย์องค์สุดท้ายแห่ง ราชวงศ์โชซอน โดยการถูก ญี่ปุ่น โค่นล้ม

# พระนาม รัชสมัย
ชื่อไทย ฮันกึล/ฮันจา
1 พระเจ้าดันกุน วังกยอม 단군왕검
檀君王儉
2333-? BCE
···
···
···
···
? พระเจ้าบู 부왕
否王
?-? BCE
? พระเจ้าจุน 준왕
準王
?-194 BCE

วีมัน โจซอน[แก้]

# พระนาม รัชสมัย
Westernized ฮันกึล/Hanja
1 พระเจ้าวีมัน 위만
衛滿
194-? BCE
2 Unknown
(โอรสในพระเจ้าวีมัน)
Unknown ?-?
3 อูกยอ แห่ง โกโจซยอน 우거왕
右渠王
?-108 BCE

พูยอ[แก้]

อาณาจักรพูยอ (2nd century BC - 494 CE) ruled in modern-day แมนจูเรีย. The rulers continued to use the titles of Dangun. Some records refer to Bukbuyeo (North Buyeo) and Dongbuyeo (East Buyeo). It was absorbed into Goguryeo.

พูยอตะวันออก[แก้]

(c.86 BCE-22 CE) The rulers of Dongbuyeo submitted to Bukbuyeo in 86 BC, and thus used the title Wang ("King").

# Name Period of reign
Westernized Hangul/Hanja
1 พระเจ้าแฮบูรู 해부루
解夫婁
86-48 BCE
2 พระเจ้ากึมวา 금와왕
金蛙王
48-7 BCE
3 พระเจ้าแทโซ 대소왕
臺素王
7 BCE-22 CE

Galsa Buyeo

# Name Period of reign
Westernized Hangul/Hanja
1 King of Galsa 갈사왕
曷思王
21 CE-?
? Dodu 도두
都頭
?-68 CE

Later Buyeo[แก้]

Name Period of reign
Westernized Hangul/Hanja
Wigutae 위구태왕
慰仇太王
?-?, 2nd century
Ganwigeo 간위거왕
簡位居王
?-?, 3rd century
Maryeo 마려왕
麻余王
?-?, 3rd century
···
···
···
Uiryeo 의려왕
依慮王
?-285 CE
Uira 의라왕
依羅王
286 CE-?
···
···
···
Hyeon 현왕
玄王
?-346 CE
Yeoul 여울왕
餘蔚王
?-384 CE
···
···
···
Jan
?-494 CE

โกคูเรียว[แก้]

โกคูเรียว (37 BC - 668 CE) was one of the สามอาณาจักรในเกาหลี. Goguryeo rulers may have used the title of Taewang (太王, "Greatest King"). [1]

# พระนามทั่วไป[2] ฮันกึล (ฮันจา) Personal names [3][4] รัชสมัย
Legendary line [5]
1 พระเจ้าดงเมียงยอง 동명성왕 (東明聖王), 동명왕 (東明王) Jumong 주몽 (朱蒙), Chumo 추모 (鄒牟), Sanghae 상해 (象解) 37-19 BCE
2 พระเจ้ายูริ 유리왕 (琉璃王), 유리명왕 (琉璃明王) Yuri 유리 (琉璃, 類利), Yuryu 유류 (孺留), Nuri 누리 (累利) 19 BCE - 18 CE
3 พระเจ้าแดมูซิน 대무신왕 (大武神王), 대해주류왕 (大解朱留王) Muhyul 무휼 (無恤) 18-44
4 พระเจ้ามินจุง 민중왕 (閔中王) Saekju 색주 (色朱) 44-48
5 พระเจ้าโมบอน 모본왕 (慕本王) U 우 (憂), Aeru 애루 (愛婁), Mangnae 막래 (莫來) 48-53
Gungnae line
6 พระเจ้าแทโจมหาราช 태조[대]왕 (太祖[大]王), 국조왕 (國祖王) Gung 궁 (宮), Eosu 어수 (於漱) 53-146
7 พระเจ้าชาแด 차대왕 (次大王) Suseong 수성 (遂成) 146-165
8 พระเจ้าซินแด 신대왕 (新大王) Baekgo 백고 (伯固), Baekgu 백구 (伯句) 165-179
9 พระเจ้าโกกุกชอน 고국천왕 (故國川王), 국양왕 (國襄王) Nammu 남무 (男武) 179-197
10 พระเจ้าซันซาง 산상왕 山上王 Jeong-u 정우 廷優, Wigung 위궁 位宮 197-227
11 พระเจ้าดองชอน 동천왕 東川王, 東襄王 Uwigeo 우위거 憂位居, Gyoche 교체 郊彘 227-248
12 จุงชอน 중천왕 中川王, 中襄王 Yeonbul 연불 然弗 248-270
13 พระเจ้าซีโอชอน 서천왕 西川王, 西襄王 Yangno 약로 藥盧, Yagu 약우 若友 270-292
14 พระเจ้าบองซาง 봉상왕 烽上太王, 鴙葛王 Sangbu 상부 相夫, Sapsiru 삽시루 插矢婁 292-300
15 พระเจ้ามีชอน 미천왕 美川太王, 好攘王 Eulbul 을불 乙弗, Ubul 우불 憂拂 300-331
16 พระเจ้าโกกุกวอน 고국원왕 故國原王 Sayu 사유 斯由, Yu 유 劉, Soe 쇠 釗 331-371
17 พระเจ้าโซซูริม 소수림왕 小獸林王 Gubu 구부 丘夫 371-384
18 พระเจ้าโกกุกยาง 고국양왕 故國攘王 Yiryeon 이련 伊連, Eojiji 어지지 於只支 384-391
19 พระเจ้ากวางแกโตมหาราช 국강상광개토경평안호태왕 國彊上廣開土境平安好太王 Damdeok 담덕 談德, An 안 安 391-413
Pyongyang line
20 พระเจ้าจางซูมหาราช 장수왕 長壽王 Georyeon 거련 巨連, Goryeon 고련 高璉 413-490
21 พระเจ้ามุนจามยอง 문자명왕 文咨明王 Na-un 나운 羅雲, Go-un 고운 高雲 491-519
22 พระเจ้าอันจาง 안장왕 安藏王 Heung-an 흥안 興安, Go-an 고안 高安 519-531
23 พระเจ้าอันวอน 안원왕 安原王 Bojeong 보정 寶廷, Gojeong 고정 高廷 531-545
24 พระเจ้ายางวอน 양원왕 陽原王, 陽崗王 Pyeongseong 평성 平成 545-559
25 พระเจ้าพยองวอน 평원왕 平原王 Yangseong 양성 陽成, Tang 탕 湯, Goyang 고양 高陽 559-590
26 พระเจ้ายองยาง 영양왕 嬰陽王, 평양왕 平陽王 Go Won 고원 高元, Daewon 대원 大元 590-618
27 พระเจ้ายองนยู 영류왕 榮留王 Go Geonmu 고건무 高建武, Seong 성 成, Gomu 고무 高武 618-642
28 พระเจ้าบอจาง 보장왕 寶藏王 Go Jang 고장 高藏, Bojang 보장 寶藏 642-668

Notes:

  1. Some of Goguryeo's own records of individual kings, especially of the 19th (Gwanggaeto), use the title "Taewang" or "Hotaewang", roughly meaning Greatest King or Very Greatest King. Some argue that the title should be translated as "Emperor," equivalent of the Chinese title 皇帝, but this is not widely accepted. The most complete and oldest existing Korean history text, the Samguk Sagi and the Samguk Yusa, written centuries after Goguryeo was defeated, uses the title "Wang", meaning King.
  1. The king names generally derive from the location of the king's burial, and do not necessarily correspond to the Chinese concept of 諡號.
  1. Goguryeo kings had the surname Go, except for the second (Yuri) through fifth (Mobon), whose surnames are recorded as Hae. All of the kings are recorded to belong to the same patrilineal bloodline. It is not clear whether the two surnames are different transcription of the same name, or evidence of a power struggle.
  1. The Samguk Sagi and Samguk Yusa, and sometimes other records mention "other names," "birth names," "childhood names," or "personal names."
  1. The Legendary line names and dates are from the Samguk Sagi. The Wei shu (History of the Wei dynasty) gives the following names: 朱蒙 Jumong, 閭達 Yeodal, 始閭諧 Shiryeohae, 如栗 Yeoyul, and 莫來 Mangnae. The legendary line had already been formed with some variants in the early 5th century when king Jangsu built a monument for his father and Goguryeo made contact with the Northern Wei. The inscription of that monument gives these names: 鄒牟 Chumo, 儒留 Yuryu, and 大朱留 Daejuryu. The connections between those names are not clear.

Sources: http://kdaq.empas.com/koreandb/history/koreanking/html/person/koguryeo_king.html (The Academy of Korean Studies) and http://enc.daum.net/dic100//topView.do (Korea Britannica Corp.)

แพคเจ[แก้]

แพคเจ (18 BC - AD 660) was one of the สามก๊กแห่งเกาหลี. Temple names were the same as personal names, unless noted otherwise.

# Temple name ฮันกึล ฮันจา Period of reign Personal name Relationship Note
1 พระเจ้าอนจอ 온조왕 溫祚王 18 BCE - 29 CE founder son of พระเจ้าดงเมียงยอง
2 พระเจ้าดารู 다루왕 多婁王 29 - 77 first son of Onjo
3 พระเจ้ากีรู 기루왕 己婁王 77 - 128 first son of Daru
4 พระเจ้าแกรู 개루왕 蓋婁王 128 - 166 son of Giru
5 พระเจ้าโชโก 초고왕 肖古王 166 - 214 son of Gaeru also Sogo (소고왕, 素古王)
6 พระเจ้ากูซู 구수왕 仇首王 214 - 234 first son of Chogo also Guisu (귀수왕, 貴須王)
7 พระเจ้าซาบาน 사반왕 沙泮王 234 first son of Gusu also Sai (사이왕, 沙伊王)
8 พระเจ้าโกอี 고이왕 古爾王 234 - 286 second son of Gaeru also Gui (구이군, 久爾君)
9 พระเจ้าแชกกเย 책계왕 責稽王 286 - 298 son of Goi also Cheonggye (청계왕, 靑稽王)
10 พระเจ้าบุนซอ 분서왕 汾西王 298 - 304 first son of Chaekgye
11 Biryu 비류왕 比流王 304 - 344 second son of Gusu
12 Gye 계왕 契王 344 - 346 first son of Bunseo
13 Geunchogo 근초고왕 近肖古王 346 - 375 second son of Biryu also Chogo (초고왕, 肖古王) or Sokgo (속고왕, 速古王)
14 Geun-gusu 근구수왕 近仇首王 375 - 384 son of Geunchogo also Guisu (귀수왕, 貴首王)
15 Chimnyu 침류왕 枕流王 384 - 385 first son of Geungusu
16 Jinsa 진사왕 辰斯王 385 - 392 younger brother of Chimnyu also Buyeohui (부여휘, 扶餘暉)
17 Asin 아신왕 阿莘王 392 - 405 cousin of Jinsa; first son of Chimnyu also Aha (아화왕, 阿華王)
18 Jeonji 전지왕 腆支王 405 - 420 first son of Asin also Jikji (직지왕, 直支王) or Jinji (진지왕, 眞支王)
19 Gu-isin 구이신왕 久爾辛王 420 - 427 first son of Jeonji
20 Biyu 비유왕 毗有王 427 - 454 first son of Guisin also Yeobi (여비, 餘毗)
21 Gaero 개로왕 蓋鹵王 454 - 475 Gyeongsa (경사, 慶司) or Gyeong (경, 慶) first son of Biyu also Yeogyeong (여경, 餘慶)
22 Munju 문주왕 文周王 475 - 477 Modo (모도, 牟都) or Do (도, 都) son of Gaero
23 Samgeun 삼근왕 三斤王 477 - 479 Samgeun (삼근, 三斤), Imgeol (임걸, 壬乞) or Samgeol (삼걸, 三乞) first son of Munju also Mun-geun (문근왕, 文斤王)
24 Dongseong 동성왕 東城王 479 - 501 Modae (모대, 牟大) or Mamo (마모, 摩牟) cousin of Samgeum
25 Muryeong 무령왕 武寧王 501 - 523 Sama (사마, 斯麻 or 斯摩) or Yung (융, 隆) second son of Dongseong also Sama (사마왕, 斯麻王), Do (도왕, 嶋王), or Horyeong (호령왕, 虎寧王)
26 Seong 성왕 聖王 523 - 554 Myeong (명, 明) son of Muryeong also Myeong (명왕, 明王) or Seongmyeong (성명왕, 聖明王)
27 Wideok 위덕왕 威德王 554 - 598 Chang (창, 昌) first son of Seong also Chang (창왕, 昌王)
28 พระเจ้าฮเย 혜왕 惠王 598 - 599 Gye (계, 季) younger brother of Wideok also Heon (헌왕, 獻王)
29 พระเจ้าบอบ 법왕 法王 599 - 600 Seon (선, 宣) or Hyosun (효순, 孝順) first son of Hye
30 พระเจ้ามู 무왕 武王 600 - 641 personal name Jang (장, 璋) or Seodong (서동, 薯童) youngest son of Wideok also Mugang (무강왕, 武康王) or Mugwang (무광왕,武廣王)
31 พระเจ้าอึยจา 의자왕 義慈王 641 - 660 first son of Mu

*Source: [1]

Silla[แก้]

อาณาจักรซิลลา (57 BC - 935 CE) was one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. In the early years, Silla was ruled by the Pak, Seok, and Kim families. Rulers of Silla had various titles, including Isageum, Maripgan, and Daewang. Like some Baekje kings, some declared themselves emperor.

  1. พระเจ้าฮยอกกอเซ 혁거세 거서간 朴赫居世居西干 (57 BCE-4 CE)
  2. พระเจ้านัมแฮ 남해 차차웅 南解次次雄 (4-24)
  3. พระเจ้ายูริ (24-57) 유리이사금 儒理尼師今 (Kings Yuri to Heurhae bore the Korean title Isageum, an old word for "ruler")
  4. พระเจ้าทัลแฮ 탈해이사금 脫解尼師今 (57-80)
  5. พระเจ้าพาซา 파사이사금 婆娑尼師今 (80-112)
  6. พระเจ้าจีมา 지마이사금 祗摩尼師今 (112-134)
  7. พระเจ้าอิลซอง 일성이사금 逸聖尼師今 (134-154)
  8. Adalla Isageum 아달라이사금 阿達羅尼師今 (154-184)
  9. Beolhyu Isageum 벌휴이사금 伐休尼師今 (184-196)
  10. Naehae Isageum 내해이사금 奈解尼師今 (196-230)
  11. Jobun Isageum 조분이사금 助賁尼師今 (230-247)
  12. Cheomhae Isageum 첨해이사금 沾解尼師今 (247-261)
  13. Michu Isageum 미추이사금 味鄒尼師今 (262-284)
  14. Yurye Isageum 유례이사금 儒禮尼師今 (284-298)
  15. Girim Isageum 기림이사금 基臨尼師今 (298-310)
  16. Heulhae Isageum 흘해이사금 訖解尼師今 (310-356)
  17. Naemul Maripgan 내물마립간 奈勿麻立干 (356-402) (Kings Naemul to Soji bore the Korean title Maripgan, an old word for "ruler")
  18. Silseong Maripgan 실성마립간 實聖麻立干 (402-417)
  19. Nulji Maripgan 눌지마립간 訥祗麻立干 (417-458)
  20. Jabi Maripgan 자비마립간 慈悲麻立干 (458-479)
  21. Soji Maripgan 소지마립간 炤智麻立干 (479-500)
  22. King Jijeung 지증왕 智證王 (500-514) (Kings Jijeung to Gyeongsun bore the title Wang (the modern Korean word for "king"), with the exceptions noted below)
  23. King Beopheung the Great 법흥태왕 法興太王 (514-540) ("King Beopheung the Great" is a translation of Beopheung Taewang, "Taewang" meaning "great king")
  24. King Jinheung the Great 진흥태왕 眞興太王 (540-576) ("King Jinheung the Great" is a translation of Jinheung Taewang, "Taewang" meaning "great king")
  25. King Jinji 진지왕 眞智王 (576-579)
  26. King Jinpyeong 진평왕 眞平王 (579-632)
  27. พระนางซอนด๊อก 선덕왕 善德王 (632-647)
  28. พระนางจินด๊อก 진덕왕 眞德王 (647-654)
  29. พระเจ้ามูยอลมหาราช 태종무열왕 太宗武烈王 (654-661) ("King Muyeol the Great" is a translation of Muyeol Daewang, "Daewang" meaning "great king")

Unified Silla[แก้]

  1. พระเจ้ามุนมู 문무대왕 文武大王 (661-681)
  2. พระเจ้าซินมุน 신문왕 神文王 (681-691)
  3. พระเจ้ากโยโซ 효소왕 孝昭王 (692-702)
  4. พระเจ้าซองด๊อกมหาราช 성덕대왕 聖德大王 (702-737) ("King Seongdeok the Great" is a translation of Seongdeok Daewang, "Daewang" meaning "great king")
  5. King Hyoseong 효성왕 孝成王 (737-742)
  6. King Gyeongdeok 경덕왕 景德王 (742-765)
  7. King Hyegong 혜공왕 惠恭王 (765-780)
  8. King Seondeok 선덕왕 宣德王 (780-785)
  9. King Wonseong 원성왕 元聖王 (785-798)
  10. King Soseong 소성왕 昭聖王 (798-800)
  11. King Aejang 애장왕 哀莊王 (800-809)
  12. King Heondeok 헌덕왕 憲德王 (809-826)
  13. King Heungdeok 흥덕왕 興德王 (826-836)
  14. King Huigang 희강왕 僖康王 (836-838)
  15. King Minae 민애왕 閔哀王 (838-839)
  16. King Sinmu 신무왕 神武王 (839)
  17. King Munseong 문성왕 文聖王 (839-857)
  18. King Heonan 헌안왕 憲安王 (857-861)
  19. King Gyeongmun 경문왕 景文王 (861-875)
  20. King Heongang 헌강왕 憲康王 (875-886)
  21. King Jeonggang 정강왕 定康王 (886-887)
  22. Queen Jinseong 진성왕 眞聖王 (887-897)
  23. King Hyogong 효공왕 孝恭王 (897-912)
  24. King Sindeok 신덕왕 神德王 (913-917)
  25. King Gyeongmyeong 경명왕 景明王 (917-924)
  26. King Gyeongae 경애왕 景哀王 (924-927)
  27. King Gyeongsun 경순왕 敬順王 (927-935)

Gaya confederacy[แก้]

The Gaya confederacy (42-562) consisted of several small statelets. All rulers of Gaya bore the title Wang ("King").

Geumgwan Gaya[แก้]

Geumgwan Gaya (42-532) was one of the Gaya confederacy.

# Temple name ฮันกึล ฮันจา Period of reign[1]
1 Suro of Geumgwan Gaya 수로왕 首露王 (42-199)
2 Geodeung of Geumgwan Gaya 거등왕 居登王 (199-259)
3 Mapum of Geumgwan Gaya 마품왕 麻品王 (259-291)
4 Geojilmi of Geumgwan Gaya 거질미왕 居叱彌王 (291-346)
5 Isipum of Geumgwan Gaya 이시품왕 伊尸品王 (346-407)
6 Jwaji of Geumgwan Gaya 좌지왕 坐知王 (407-421)
7 Chwihui of Geumgwan Gaya 취희왕 吹希王 (421-451)
8 Jilji of Geumgwan Gaya 질지왕 銍知王 (451-492)
9 Gyeomji of Geumgwan Gaya 겸지왕 鉗知王 (492-521)
10 Guhyeong of Geumgwan Gaya 구형왕 仇衡王 (521-532)

Daegaya[แก้]

Daegaya (42-562) was one of the Gaya confederacy.

# Name Period of reign
Westernized Hangul/Hanja
1 Ijinasi of Daegaya 이진아시왕
伊珍阿豉王
42 CE-?
···
···
···
···
3 or 4 Geumnim of Daegaya 금림왕
錦林王
?-?
···
···
···
···
Unknown Haji of Daegaya 하지왕
荷知王
?-?
···
···
···
···
6 or 7 Gasil of Daegaya 가실왕
嘉悉王 or 嘉實王
?-?
···
···
···
···
9 Inoe of Daegaya 이뇌왕
異腦王
?-?
10 or 16 Crown Prince Wolgwang
or
Doseolji of Daegaya
월광태자 (月光太子)
or
도설지왕 (道設智王)
?-562

บัลแฮ[แก้]

Balhae (698–926) was an ancient Korean kingdom established after the fall of Goguryeo. Balhae occupied southern parts of Manchuria (Northeast China) and Primorsky Krai, and the northern part of the Korean peninsula.

# Personal name Period of reign Era name (年號) Posthumous name (諡號)
Westernized Hangul/Hanja Westernized Hangul/Hanja Westernized Hangul/Hanja
1 Dae Joyeong 대조영
大祚榮
698–719 None None พระเจ้าโก 고왕
高王
2 Dae Muye 대무예
大武藝
719–737 Inan 인안
仁安
Mu 무왕
武王
3 Dae Heummu 대흠무
大欽茂
737–793 Daeheung
Boryeok
대흥 (大興)
보력 (寶曆)
Mun 문왕
文王
4 Dae Won-ui 대원의
大元義
793–794 None None None None
5 Dae Hwa-yeo 대화여
大華與
794 Jungheung 중흥
中興
Seong 성왕
成王
6 Dae Sung-rin 대숭린
大嵩璘
794–808 Jeongryeok 정력
正曆
Gang 강왕
康王
7 Dae Won-yu 대원유
大元瑜
808–812 Yeongdeok 영덕
永德
Jeong 정왕
定王
8 Dae Eon-ui 대언의
大言義
812–817? Jujak 주작
朱雀
Hui 희왕
僖王
9 Dae Myeongchung 대명충
大明忠
817?–818? Taesi 태시
太始
Gan 간왕
簡王
10 Dae Insu 대인수
大仁秀
818?–830 Geonheung 건흥
建興
Seon 선왕
宣王
11 Dae Ijin 대이진
大彝震
830–857 Hamhwa 함화
咸和
Unknown Unknown
12 Dae Geonhwang 대건황
大虔晃
857–871 Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
13 Dae Hyeonseok 대현석
大玄錫
871–895 Unknown Unknown Gyeong 경왕
景王
14 Dae Wihae 대위해
大瑋瑎
895–906 None None None None
15 Dae Inseon 대인선
大諲譔
906–926 Unknown Unknown None None

แพคเจหลัง[แก้]

Hubaekje (900-936) was founded by Gyeon Hwon, who was a general during Later Silla's period of decline. Thus began the Later Three Kingdoms period. Hubaekje met its downfall at the hands of Gyeon Hwon himself, who later led the Goryeo armies alongside Emperor Taejo of Goryeo to capture Singeom, the prince of Hubaekje, who had betrayed Gyeon Hwon.

# พระนาม รัชสมัย
Westernized ฮันกกึล/ฮันจา
1 Gyeon Hwon 견훤
甄萱
900-935
1 Singeom 신검
神劍
935-936

โกคูเรียวหลัง[แก้]

Later Goguryeo (901-918), also known as Ma-jin or Taebong, was established by Gung-ye, an outcast prince of Silla. Gung-Ye joined General Yang-Gil's rebellion, and rose through the ranks. He eventually assassinated Yang-Gil and established a new kingdom, naming it Later Goguryeo. Gung-Ye turned out to be a tyrant, and was overthrown by his generals, opening the way for General Wang Geon, who established Goryeo.

# Personal name Period of reign Era name (年號)
Westernized Hangul/Hanja Westernized Hangul/Hanja
1 Gung-ye 궁예
弓裔
901-918 Mutae
Seongchaek
Sudeok-Manse
Jeong-gae
무태 (武泰)
성책 (聖冊)
수덕만세 (水德萬歲)
정개 (政開)

โครยอ[แก้]

Goryeo (918-1392) was ruled by the Wang Dynasty. The first ruler had the temple name Taejo, which means "great progenitor", and was applied to the first kings of both Goryeo and Joseon, as they were also the founders of the Wang and Yi Dynasties respectively. Starting with Gwangjong, rulers of Goryeo styled themselves emperors, with the first three rulers elevated to that title posthumously. With the Mongol conquest, however, the title of the ruler was demoted to a king, or "Wang."

The next twenty-three kings (until Wonjong) are also referred to by their temple names, ending in jong. Beginning with Chungnyeol (the twenty-fifth king), all the remaining kings of Goryeo had the title Wang ("King") as part of their temple names. Era names are in bracket where available

# Personal name Period of reign Courtesy Name (C)/
Mongol name (M) /
Pseudonym (Ps)
Temple name (廟號) (T) /
Posthumous name (諡號) (P)
Era name (年號)
Westernized Hangul/Hanja Westernized Hangul/Hanja Westernized Hangul/Hanja Westernized Hangul/Hanja
1 Wang Geon 왕건
王建
918–943 Yakcheon (C) 약천
若天 (C)
แทโจ 태조
太祖 (T)
Cheonsu 천수
天授
2 Wang Mu 왕무
王武
943–945 Sunggeon (C) 승건
承乾 (C)
ฮเยจง 혜종
惠宗 (T)
3 Wang Yo 왕요
王堯
945–949 Cheoneui (C) 천의 (C) จองจง 정종
定宗 (T)
4 Wang So 왕소
王昭
949–975 Ilhwa (C) 일화
日華 (C)
ควางจง 광종
光宗 (T)
Gwangdeok
Junpung
광덕 (光德)
준풍 (峻豊)
5 Wang Yu 왕유
王伷
975–981 Jangmin (C) 장민
長民 (C)
คยองจง 경종
景宗 (T)
6 Wang Chi 왕치
王治
981–997 Ongo (C) 온고
溫古 (C)
ซองจง 성종
成宗 (T)
7 Wang Song 왕송
王誦
997–1009 Hyosin (C) 효신
孝伸 (C)
มกจง 목종
穆宗 (T)
8 Wang Sun 왕순
王詢
1009–1031 Anse (C) 안세
安世 (C)
ฮย็อนจง 현종
顯宗 (T)
9 Wang Heum 왕흠
王欽
1031–1034 Wonryang (C) 원량
元良 (C)
ทอกจง 덕종
德宗 (T)
10 Wang Hyeong 왕형
王亨
1034–1046 Sinjo (C) 신조
申照 (C)
จองจง 정종
靖宗 (T)
11 Wang Hwi 왕휘
王徽
1046–1083 Chokyu (C) 촉유
燭幽 (C)
มุนจง 문종
文宗 (T)
12 Wang Hun 왕훈
王勳
1083 Euigong (C) 의공
義恭 (C)
ซุนจง 순종
順宗 (T)
13 Wang Un 왕운
王運
1083–1094 Gyecheon (C) 계천
繼天 (C)
ซอนจง 선종
宣宗 (T)
14 Wang Uk 왕욱
王昱
1094–1095 ฮอนจง 헌종
獻宗 (T)
15 Wang Hee 왕희
王熙
1095–1105 Cheonsang (C) 천상
天常 (C)
ซุกจง 숙종
肅宗 (T)
16 Wang U 왕우
王俁
1105–1122 Semin (C) 세민
世民 (C)
เยจง 예종
睿宗 (T)
17 Wang Hae 왕해
王楷
1122–1146 Inpyo (C) 인표
仁表 (C)
อินจง 인종
仁宗 (T)
18 Wang Hyeon 왕현
王晛
1146–1170 Ilsung (C) 일승
日升 (C)
อีจง 의종
毅宗 (T)
19 Wang Ho 왕호
王皓
1170–1197 Jidan (C) 지단
之旦 (C)
มยองจง 명종
明宗 (T)
20 Wang Tak 왕탁
王晫
1197–1204 Jihwa (C) 지화
至華 (C)
ชินจง 신종
神宗 (T)
21 Wang Yeong 왕영
王韺
1204–1211 Bulpi (C) 불피
不陂 (C)
ฮึยจง 희종
熙宗 (T)
22 Wang O 왕오/왕숙/왕정
王晶/王璹/王貞
1211–1213 Daehwa (C) 대화
大華 (C)
คังจง 강종
康宗 (T)
23 Wang Cheol 왕철
王澈
1213–1259 Cheonu (C) 천우
天祐 (C)
โกจง 고종
高宗 (T)
24 Wang Sik 왕식
王倎
1259–1274 Ilsin (C) 일신
日新 (C)
วอนจง 원종
元宗 (T)
25 Wang Geo 왕거
王椹
1274–1308 ชุงนยอล 충렬왕
忠烈王 (P)
26 Wang Jang 왕장
王璋
1308–1313 Jungang (C) 중앙
仲昻 (C)
ชุงซอน 충선왕
忠宣王 (P)
27 Wang Man 왕만
王燾
1313–1330
1332–1339
Euihyo (C) 의효 (C) ชุงซุก 충숙왕
忠肅王 (P)
28 Wang Jeong 왕정
王禎
1330–1332
1339–1344
Botapsilli (M) 보탑실리
普塔失里 (M)
ชุงฮเย 충혜왕
忠惠王 (P)
29 Wang Heun 왕흔
王昕
1344–1348 Palsamanaeisa (M) 팔사마타아지
八思麻朶兒只 (M)
ชุงมอก 충목왕
忠穆王 (P)
30 Wang Jeo 왕저
王蚳
1348–1351 Misagamtaaji (M) 미사감타아지
迷思監朶兒只 (M)
ชุงจอน 충정왕
忠靖王 (P)
31 Wang Jeon 왕전
王祺
1351–1374 Ijae / Ikdang (Ps) 빠이엔티무르
伯顔帖木兒 (M)
이재 /익당 (Ps)
คงมิน 공민왕
恭愍王 (P)
32 Wang U 왕우
王禑
1374–1388 อู 우왕
禑王 (P)
33 Wang Chang 왕창
王昌
1388–1389 ชาง 창왕
昌王 (P)
34 Wang Yo 왕요
王瑤
1389–1392 คงยาง 공양왕
恭讓王 (P)

โชซอน[แก้]

ราชวงศ์โชซอน (1392-1897) followed Goryeo. In 1897, when Joseon became the จักรวรรดิเกาหลี, some of the Joseon kings were posthumously raised to the rank of emperors.

Joseon monarchs had temple names ending in jo or jong. Jo was given to the first kings/emperors of new lines within the dynasty, with the first king/emperor having the special name (แทโจ), which means "great progenitor" (see also Goryeo). Jong was given to all other kings/emperors.

Two kings, Yeonsangun and Gwanghaegun, were not given temple names after their reigns ended.

Each monarch had a posthumous name that included either the title Wang ("King"), Hwangje ("Emperor"), Daewang ("King X the Great"), or Daeje ("Emperor X the Great"). For the sake of consistency, the title "King/Emperor" has been added to each monarch's temple name in the list below.

# Personal name Period of reign Courtesy Name (C)/
Pseudonym (Ps)
Temple name (廟號) (T) /
Posthumous name (諡號) (P)
Era name (年號)
Westernized Hangul/Hanja Westernized Hangul/Hanja Westernized Hangul/Hanja Westernized Hangul/Hanja
1 Yi Seong gye 이성계/이단
李成桂/李旦
1392–1398 Junggyeol (C) 중결
仲潔 (C)
แทโจ 태조
太祖 (T)
2 Yi Bang-gwa 이방과
李芳果
1398–1400 Gwangwon (C) 광원
光遠 (C)
จองจง 정종
定宗 (T)
3 Yi Bang won 이방원
李芳遠
1400–1418 Yudeok (C) 유덕
遺德 (C)
แทจง 태종
太宗 (T)
4 Yi Do 이도
李祹
1418–1450 Wonjeong (C) 원정
元正 (C)
เซจงมหาราช 세종
世宗 (T)
5 Yi Hyang 이향
李珦
1450–1452 Hwiji (C) 휘지
輝之 (C)
มุนจง 문종
文宗 (T)
6 Yi Hong wi 이홍위
李弘緯
1452–1455 ดันจง 단종
端宗 (T)
7 Yi Yu 이유
李瑈
1455–1468 Suji (C) 수지
粹之 (C)
เซโจ 세조
世祖 (T)
8 Yi Gwang 이광
李晄
1468–1469 Myungjo/Pyeongnam (C) 명조/평남
明照/平南 (C)
เยจง 예종
睿宗 (T)
9 Yi Hyeol 이혈
李娎
1469–1494
(C)
ซองจง 성종
成宗 (T)
10 Yi Yung 이융
李隆
1494–1506
(C)
ยอนซันกุน 연산군
燕山君
11 Yi Yeok 이역
李懌
1506–1544 Nakcheon (C) 낙천
樂天 (C)
จุงจง 중종
中宗 (T)
12 Yi Ho 이호
李峼
1544–1545 Cheonyun (C) 천윤
天胤 (C)
อินจง 인종
仁宗 (T)
13 Yi Hwan 이환
李峘
1545–1567 Daeyang (C) 대양
對陽 (C)
เมียงจง 명종
明宗 (T)
14 Yi Yeon 이연
李蚣
1567–1608 ซอนโจ 선조
宣祖 (T)
15 Yi Hon 이혼
李琿
1608–1623
(C)
ควางแฮกุน 광해군
光海君
16 Yi Jong 이종
李倧
1623–1649 Hwabaek (C) 화백
和伯 (C)
อินโจ 인조
仁祖 (T)
17 Yi Ho 이호
李淏
1649–1659 Jeongyeon (C)
Juko (Ps)
정연/靜淵 (C)
죽오/竹梧 (Ps)
ฮโยจง 효종
孝宗 (T)
18 Yi Yeon 이연
李棩
1659–1674 Gyungjik (C) 경직
景直 (C)
ฮย็อนจง 현종
顯宗 (T)
19 Yi Sun 이순
李焞
1674–1720 Myungbo (C) 명보
明普 (C)
ซุกจง 숙종
肅宗 (T)
20 Yi Yun 이윤
李昀
1720–1724 Hwiseo (C) 휘서
輝瑞 (C)
คยองจง 경종
景宗 (T)
21 Yi Geum 이금
李昑
1724–1776 Gwangsuk (C)
Yangseongheon (Ps)
광숙/光叔 (C)
양성헌/養性軒 (Ps)
ยองโจ 영조
英祖 (T)
22 Yi San 이산
李祘
1776–1800 Hyeongun (C)
Hongjae (Ps)
형운/亨運 (C)
홍재/弘齋 (Ps)
จองโจ 정조
正祖 (T)
23 Yi Gong 이공
李蚣
1800–1834 Gongbo (C)
Sunjae (Ps)
공보/公寶 (C)
순재/純齋 (Ps)
ซุนโจ 순조
純祖 (T)
24 Yi Hwan 이환
李奐
1834–1849 Muneung (C)
Wonheon (Ps)
문응/文應 (C)
원헌/元軒 (Ps)
ฮอนจง 헌종
憲宗 (T)
25 Yi Byeon 이변
李昪
1849–1863 Dosung (C)
Daeyongjae (Ps)
도승/道升 (C)
대용재/大勇齋 (Ps)
ชอลจง 철종
哲宗 (T)
26 Yi Myeong bok 이명복
李命福
1863–1897 (1897-1907) * Seongrim (C)
Juyeon (Ps)
성림/聖臨 (C)
주연/珠淵 (Ps)
โกจง* 고종
高宗 (T)
Gaeguk
Geonyang
Gwangmu
개국 (開國)
건양 (建陽)
광무 (光武)
27 Yi Cheok 이척
李拓
(1907–1910) * Gunbang (C)
Jeongheon (Ps)
군방/君邦 (C)
정헌/正軒 (Ps)
ซุนจง* 순종
純宗 (T)
Yunghui 융희 (隆熙)

อ้างอิง[แก้]

  1. Il-yeon: Samguk Yusa: Legends and History of the Three Kingdoms of Ancient Korea, translated by Tae-Hung Ha and Grafton K. Mintz. Epilogue, page 354. Silk Pagoda (2006). ISBN 1596543485 - note: the dates for Geojilmi's reign go there until 344